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Kincardine Bridge
From:Kincardine Bridge (NS933875)
To:Inverkeithing (NT122834)
Length:13.8 miles (22.2 km)
Meets: M90, A876, A977, A994, A921, A90
Former Number(s):A876, B912
Highway Authorities

Transport Scotland

Traditional Counties

Stirlingshire  • Fife

Route outline (key)
A985 Kincardine Bridge - Inverkeithing



This road is the link road from the busy Kincardine Bridge to the Super Busy Forth Road Bridge. This is the first primary 9xx road outside Edinburgh. It is wholly within the Kingdom of Fife.

Kincardine Bridge - Inverkeithing

The Kincardine Bridge.
This road now starts on the new A876 roundabout just a few yards from the Kincardine Bridge. The first bit was formerly the A876 until December 2008 when the Clackmannanshire Bridge opened. The A985 now crosses the bridge (opened in 1936) to arrive at its July 2006 start. This section of road has improved traffic. Officially called the Eastern Link Road, it basically by-passes Kincardine to the south. The old start of the A985 is like a Y junction and it is traffic light controlled. We meet the southbound A876 from the Kincardine Village. After that, we're on the WS2+1 new Eastern Link road. The first junction we meet is with the A977 at Longannet Roundabout ESE of the original junction. We now on the original road. It is mainly in farmland albeit with Grangemouth Oil refinery in view on the 'Edinburgh' side. It can get busy though it's not like the A80 at Cumbernauld. We meet an unclassified road for Culross and its Palace, run by NTS. We pass a T junction for the northbound B9037. The nouthbound B9037 is the old route of the A985.

We are on a 'bypass' route though it doesn't feel it. We enter Newmills, a wee village then we meet the other end of the southern B9037 and A994 for Dunfermline at the Torryburn Roundabout. We are now on the old road, it's six miles to the M90. Before that that though, we pass a railway line for Charlestown, a freight line. We pass the B9156, another road to Dunfermline. Very soon, we hit Rosyth and four roundabouts.

The first roundabout is outside the town, probably for an industrial estate (always is these days). The second is a B road that takes traffic to the A823(M) (originally planed as M92). This marks Rosyth proper, and it can be a little slow going. At least it is the outskirts of Rosyth. The third roundabout is for the B980 for North Queensferry, the old way to cross the Forth before the Forth Road Bridge was built in 1964. Certainly you could and still can see the 1890 Forth Rail Bridge. Also it is the last chance to get fuel either this roundabout or the previous roundabout. After that, we reach the end. The A90/M90 beckons as this is the end of the A985. Ahead of us is the A921 for Inverkeithing and Kirkcaldy. Turn left for the M90 to Perth, Dundee and Aberdeen, or head over to Edinburgh and see the Castle or bypass it with the city bypass. At least you don't have to worry about the tolls now that the Scottish Government has axed them. This now makes this road, the A985 a wee bit quieter but only by a tad.


The A985 was originally a B-road, or rather two B-roads. The first section was the B911 from its junction with the A907 near the present-day Gartarry roundabout to its junction with the B912 east of Torryburn. The second section was the B912 to its junction with the A906 at Broomhall. The A985 designation was in place by the late 1920s/early 1930s. It was then later extended, around the late 1940s/early 1950s, taking over the route of the A906 to Rosyth, crossing the A823 and terminating at a junction with the A90 just north of Inverkeithing. The extension of the A977 from Kincardine to Rumbling Bridge some time in the 1930s meant that the A985 multiplexed with the A977 for a few miles north of Kincardine. This meant that there was only a short stub of the A985 at its northern end, and at some point it appears to have been declassified. Part of it can still be seen today. The construction of the Forth Road Bridge in the early 1960s resulted in the east end of the A985 now terminating at the Admiralty Junction on the A90. Further changes to the A985 included a by-pass for High Valleyfield and Torryburn, which opened in 1962, and in 2004 a short length of link road which effectively by-passed Kincardine to the south and improved access to the Kincardine Bridge. The High Valleyfield and Torryburn by-pass comprised a new stretch of road terminating in a new roundabout on the site of the junction with the A977. This included a slight realignment of the A985 and a new bridge over the railway. The old alignment can still be seen to the south of the present road. The most recent change was the extension of the A985 over the Kincardine Bridge to meet the A876 at a roundabout on the south side of the Forth.


Two issues which have long been discussed in relation to the A985 are converting it from S2 to D2; and realignment to by-pass the bottleneck at Rosyth, most probably by linking up to the A823(M) at Pitreavie. Unfortunately, neither seems likely to come to fruition in the near future. This means that the A985 will continue to be a regular feature on the traffic news.



Kincardine Bridge

Original Author(s): A Beaton

JunctionsAdmiralty Junction • Cairneyhill Roundabout • Higgins Neuk Roundabout • Longannet Roundabout
CrossingsForth Road Bridge • Kincardine Bridge
RoadsFife Coastal Tourist Route • T92 (Britain)
Related Pictures
View gallery (23)
A823(M) - A985 Rosyth Northern Bypass - Coppermine - 6445.jpgA985 New Junction - Coppermine - 481.jpgAdmiralty Road Roundabout - Geograph - 42979.jpgKincardine-br6.jpgRoundabout - Geograph - 470816.jpg
Other nearby roads
Kincardine BridgeA876 • A88 • A905 • A977 • Fife Coastal Tourist Route • M876 • T92 (Britain)
RosythA823 • A823(M) • A90 • A906 • B9156 • B980 • E15 • Fife Coastal Tourist Route • M90 • NCN76
Forth Road BridgeA8000 • A823(M) • A90 • A904 • A92 • A921 • B800 • B907 • B924 • B980 • B981 • E15 • E32 (Old System) • EuroVelo 12 • Fife Coastal Tourist Route • Forth Valley Tourist Route • M9 • M90 • NCN1 • T93 (Britain)


Defunct Itineries: A920·A921 (Perth)·A921 (Fife)·A922·A949·A951·A968·A982