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M1

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M1
M1.png
Cameraicon.png View gallery (509)
From:Staples Corner, Middlesex (TQ228874)
To:Hook Moor, Yorkshire (SE435355)
Length:200 miles (321.9 km)
Meets: M6, M10, M18, M25, M45, M62, M69, M621, A1(M)
Primary Destinations
East Midlands Airport
Highway Authorities

Highways Agency Sheffield

Traditional Counties

Bedfordshire • Buckinghamshire • Derbyshire • Hertfordshire • Leicestershire • Middlesex • Northamptonshire • Nottinghamshire • Yorkshire

Route outline (key)
M1 Marble Arch — Staples Corner
M1 Hampstead - Staples Corner
M1 Staples Corner — Hook Moor
M1 Kirkhamgate - Dishforth
M1 Belle Isle - Central Leeds
Junction List
Junc Northbound Southbound
- Proposed start 'A' Ring Road
A407 A407
- Proposed Start A41, NXR
1 Start of Motorway A406
2 No Exit A1
' Temporary start of road A41
3 (A1) (A1)
Services symbol.gif London Gateway services (at J3)
4 No Exit A41
- M16 M16
5 A41, A4008 A41
6 A405 A405
6a No Exit M25
7 A414 No Exit
8 No Exit A414
Services symbol.gif Redbourn services
9 A5, A5183 A5, A5183
10 A1081 A1081
11 A505 A505
11A A5 A5
Services symbol.gif Toddington services
12 A5120 A5120
13 A421, A507 A421, A507
14 A509 A509
Services symbol.gif Newport Pagnell services
15 A45 A45
15A A43 A43
Services symbol.gif Northampton services (at J15a)
16 A4500 A4500
Services symbol.gif Watford Gap services
17 M45 No Exit
18 A5, A428 A428
19 M6 M6, A14
Services symbol.gif Lutterworth services
20 A4303, A4304 A4303
21 M69, A5460 M69, A5460
Services symbol.gif Leicester Forest East services
21A A46 No Exit
22 A511 A50, A511
Services symbol.gif Markfield services (at J22)
23 A512 A512
Services symbol.gif Long Whatton services
23A A42, A453 A42
Services symbol.gif Donington Park services (at J23a N)
24 A6, A453 A6, A50, A453
24A No Exit A50
25 A52 A52
Services symbol.gif Trowell services
26 A610 A610
27 A608 A608
28 A38, B6019 A38, B6019
Services symbol.gif Tibshelf services
29 A617, A6175 A617, A6175
29A A6192 A6192
30 A6135 A6135
Services symbol.gif Woodall services
31 A57 A57
32 M18 M18
33 A630 A630
34 A631, A6178 A6109
Services symbol.gif Hesley/Sheffield
35 A629 A629
Services symbol.gif Chapeltown services
35A A616 No Exit
36 A61 A61
37 A628 A628
38 A637 A637
Services symbol.gif Woolley Edge services
39 A636 A636
40 A638 A638
- M111 M111
41 A650 A650
42 M62 M62
43 M621 No Exit
44 A639 A639
Services symbol.gif Leeds
45 A63 A63
46 A63, A6120 A63, A6120
47 A642, A656 A642, A656
- A1(M) End of Motorway
43 A61, A639 A61, A639
44 unclass unclass
45 unclass unclass
46 unclass unclass
47 M621, A653 End of Motorway
This article is about the M1 in Great Britain.
For same numbered road in Northern Ireland, see M1 (Northern Ireland)
.
For the route in the Republic of Ireland, see M1 (Republic of Ireland).
Globe.png
For detailed information about this topic, see CBRD Motorway Database: M1

Originally conceived as the London to Yorkshire Motorway, the M1 was the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom. It was, however, not the first motorway as the M6 Preston Bypass holds that honour. The initial section between what are now junctions 5 and 18, together with the M45 and the then M10, opened in November 1959 and remains the longest stretch of any motorway (or probably any road) to have opened on one day.

The route of the M1 has evolved over the years, initially through Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire and rapidly extended south and north to create a motorway alternative to the A1 between Edgware and Doncaster by 1967, extending further north to Leeds with the opening of the Tinsley Viaduct by 1968 and south to the A406 North Circular Road by 1977. Further work completed in 1999 saw the north end of the M1 diverted and extended eastward to meet the A1(M) near Garforth; the original north end within Leeds became part of the M621.

The M1 forms the backbone of the English motorway network, with key connections in the south with the M25 London Orbital, in the Midlands with the M6 and in the north with the M62 and A1(M), along with other less important motorways along the way. Because some parts of the M1 are more important than others, some sections carry significant varying volumes of traffic with the predominant D3M design of the original route has some sections reduced to D2M (at J19 & J34 for example) and significant sections upgraded to D4M in more recent years.

Contents

Opening Dates

For detailed information about this section, see CBRD Motorway Database: M1 Timeline

Improvements

1989 - M1 Jct 35a

New junction to provide access to the then new A616 link to the A628 Woodhead Pass.

1991 - M1 Jct 19 Improvement

Junction alterations to provide access to the A14 that created a link to the A1

1999 - M1 Jct 42 to 43 Widening and loss of M1 to Leeds

As part of the extension of the M1 to the A1(M), the existing line of the M1 was widened and the former section that linked directly into Leeds was reclassified as the M621

2007 - M1 Jct 31 to 32 Widening

£20M widening of the M1 from D3M to D4M over 2 km (1.25 miles), opened fully to traffic in December 2007 - Highways Agency Link

2008 - M1 Jct 29a

New junction costing £8M opened to traffic in June 2008 - GOEM Link - Page 8

2009 - M1 Jct 6a to 10 Widening

£291M widening of the M1 from D3M to D4M over 17 km (11 miles), opened to traffic on 19th December 2008, with an official opening on 23rd January 2009 - Highways Agency Link

2009-2010 - M1 Jct 32 to 35a Barrier

Scheme to provide new central concrete step barrier in advance of a planned managed motorway scheme along the same length, opened in phases through 2009 and 2010

This page may need updating or rewriting for the reason stated below. If you have the knowledge, please consider updating!
Entries required for new junctions J21a, J23a and J24a, widening between J21-J21a and J23a-J24, dates for lane loss at J19 and J34 and the opening of J45

Notable Locations

Tinsley Viaduct

Tinsley Towers.jpg
Main Article: Tinsley Viaduct

A 1-km-long viaduct, with a troubled past and uncertain future, designed by Freeman Fox and Partners, an iconic steel monument to the valley it passes over.

Catthorpe Interchange

Catthorpe Interchange.jpg
Main Article: Catthorpe Interchange

Infamous perhaps for being one of the worst thought-out junctions on the trunk road network. The key route between the major east coast ports and the industrial heart of England, has to squeeze under a bridge which was formerly used by an unclassified back road.

Lofthouse Interchange

Lofthouse Interchange.PNG
Main Article: Lofthouse Interchange

A cheap solution at first, gradually becoming a big headache, eased by the spending of private sector money and given a stay of execution with a few traffic signals. Lofthouse Interchange to be fair works quite well, sadly, the M1 to the south and north suffers congestion each evening due to the close proximity of J41 and the weaving of traffic getting on at J42 to head south and the traffic from the north wanting to exit at J41.

Named Junctions

Most junctions on the M1 have names as well as junction numbers, these names sometimes come from the construction name, some are more popular names developed after the motorway opened.

Find out more on the M1 Named Junctions page

Links

Highways Agency

CBRD

Pathetic Motorways

Roads UK

Motorway Archive



M1
JunctionsAston Interchange (Yorkshire) • Austhorpe Interchange • Barlborough Interchange • Beechtrees and Breakspears Interchanges • Belle Isle Interchange • Berrygrove • Birdwell Interchange • Brockley Interchange • Broughton Interchange (Milton Keynes) • Bushey Interchange • Carrgate Interchange • Catcliffe Interchange • Catthorpe Interchange • Chiswell Interchange • Collingtree Interchange • Crick Interchange • Dodworth Roundabout • Duckmanton Interchange • Durkar Interchange • East Leeds Link Interchange • Finger Farm Roundabout • Fiveways Interchange • Flushdyke Interchange • Friars Wash • Haigh Roundabout • Hampstead Interchange • Heath Interchange • Holbeck Interchange • Hook Moor Interchange • Hunslet Interchange • Kegworth Interchange • Kidney Wood Roundabout • Kilsby Interchange • Kirby Muxloe Interchange • Kirkhamgate Interchange • Kislingbury Interchange • Lofthouse Interchange • Long Whatton Interchange • M1 J11 • M1 J11A • M1 J27 • M42 J16 • M621 J6 • Marble Arch • Markfield Interchange • Misterton Interchange • Nuthall Interchange • Parlington Interchange • Pepperstock • Pinxton Interchange • Ridgemont Interchange • Rothersthorpe Interchange • Rothwell Haigh Interchange • Sandiacre Interchange • Scratchwood Interchange • Shepshed Interchange • Staples Corner • Stourton Interchange • Tankersley Interchange • Thorpe Hesley Interchange • Thurcroft Interchange • Tinsley Interchange • Toddington Interchange • Tunstall Interchange • Warren Lane Roundabout • Waterdale Interchange • Whetstone Interchange
ServicesChapeltown services • Donington Park services • Leeds services • Leicester Forest East services • London Gateway services • Long Whatton services • Lutterworth services • Markfield services • Misterton services • Newport Pagnell services • Northampton services • Redbourn services • Swinford services • Thorpe Hesley services • Tibshelf services • Toddington services • Trowell services • Watford Gap services • Woodall services • Woolley Edge services
CrossingsTinsley Viaduct
RoadsE106 (Northampton - Leeds) • E13 • E24 • E28 • E31 (via Carlisle) • E33 (London - Glasgow) • E33 (Northampton - Liverpool)
MiscellaneousM1/1959 Strip Map • M1/Named Junctions
Related Pictures
View gallery (509)
M1 J5 Crazy.jpgM1 Motorway- Punchbowl Lane bridge - Geograph - 1248816.jpgM1 Motorway- Toddington Services - Geograph - 871941.jpgM1 gantry northbound J8.jpgSouth along the M1 Motorway - Geograph - 726415.jpg
Other nearby roads
LondonA1 • A1(M) • A10 • A101 • A11 • A11(M) • A127 • A13 • A2 • A2(M) (Kidbrooke - Falconwood) • A20 • A21 • A216 • A23 • A23(M) • A233 • A24 • A3 • A30 • A30/Sandbox • A4 • A4/Great West Road • A4/Slough - London • A40 • A40/Central London - Denham • A41 • A41/Central London - Watford • A41/Watford - Aylesbury • A5 • A5/Central London - Brockley • B269 • B519 • E1 (Old System) • E105 (London - Fishguard) • E107 (London - Tilbury) • E108 (London - Southend) • E13 • E15 • E2 (Old System) • E30 • E31 (via Carlisle) • E31 (via Newcastle) • E33 (London - Glasgow) • E5 (Old System) • E8 (Old System) • East Cross Route • Ermine Street • EuroVelo 2 • EuroVelo 5 • Great North Road • Holyhead Road • London Inner Ring Road • Longest Lane • M100 • M11 • M12 (Brentwood - Chelmsford) • M12 (Woodford - Brentwood) • M12 (Woodford - Maplin) • M13 • M15 • M16 • M20 • M23 • M25 • M3 • M30 • M4 • M40 • M41 • NCN1 • NCN13 • NCN20 • NCN21 • NCN4 • Northern and Western Motorway • Orbital Tunnel Route • Ringway 2 • South Cross Route • T1 (Britain) • T10 (Britain) • T11 (Britain) • T12 (Britain) • T2 (Britain) • T3 (Britain) • T31 (Britain) • T32 (Britain) • T33 (Britain) • T34 (Britain) • T35 (Britain) • T4 (Britain) • T5 (Britain) • T6 (Britain) • T8 (Britain) • T9 (Britain) • Watling Street
Milton KeynesA4146 • A421 • A422 • A5 • A5/Friars Walsh - Stony Stratford • A5/Stony Stratford - Crick • A50 • A506 (Hockliffe - Northampton) • A508 • A509 • A5130 • B4033 • B4034 • B488 • B526 • B557 • E13 • E31 (via Carlisle) • E33 (London - Glasgow) • H1 (Milton Keynes) • H10 (Milton Keynes) • H2 (Milton Keynes) • H3 (Milton Keynes) • H4 (Milton Keynes) • H5 (Milton Keynes) • H6 (Milton Keynes) • H7 (Milton Keynes) • H8 (Milton Keynes) • H9 (Milton Keynes) • Holyhead Road • NCN51 • T11 (Britain) • V1 (Milton Keynes) • V10 (Milton Keynes) • V11 (Milton Keynes) • V12 (Milton Keynes) • V2 (Milton Keynes) • V3 (Milton Keynes) • V4 (Milton Keynes) • V5 (Milton Keynes) • V6 (Milton Keynes) • V7 (Milton Keynes) • V8 (Milton Keynes) • V9 (Milton Keynes) • Watling Street
NottinghamA453 • A52 • A60 • A6002 • A6005 • A6008 • A6011 • A6019 • A606 • A609 • A610 • A611 • A612 • A613 (Nuthall - Alfreton) • A6130 • A614 • A6200 • A6211 • A6464 • A648 (Kegworth - Nottingham) • A6514 • A6520 • B6004 • B6008 • B679 • B680 • B681 • B682 • B684 • B685 • B686 • B690 • B692 • E106 (Northampton - Leeds) • E13 • E31 (via Carlisle) • M42 • T52 (Britain) • T53 (Britain) • T54 (Britain)
SheffieldA57 • A6019 (Sheffield) • A6020 (Sheffield) • A61 • A61(M) • A6101 • A6102 • A6109 • A6134 • A6135 • A6135 (High Green - Hoyland Common) • A616 • A6178 • A6187 • A621 • A625 • A629 • A630 • A631 • B113 (Chapeltown) • B6053 • B6054 • B6057 • B6057 (Dronfield) • B6058 • B6063 • B6064 • B6065 • B6066 • B6068 • B6068 (London Road, Sheffield) • B6069 • B6070 • B6071 • B6072 • B6073 • B6074 • B6075 • B6075 (West Sheffield) • B6076 • B6077 • B6079 (Sheffield) • B6080 • B6081 • B6081 (Sheffield - Rotherham) • B6082 • B6083 • B6084 • B6085 • B6086 • B6086 (East Sheffield) • B6087 • B6088 • B6158 • B6200 • B6375 • B6388 • B6533 • B6539 • B6546 • B6547 • E106 (Northampton - Leeds) • E114 (Old System) • E13 • M67 • Sheffield Spur Motorway • T16 (Britain) • T22 (Britain) • T59 (Britain)
LeedsA58 • A58(M) • A61 • A6110 • A6120 • A6183 (Kirkhamgate - Dishforth) • A62 • A62(M) • A63 • A639 • A64 • A64(M) • A642 • A643 • A647 • A65 • A65(M) • A653 • A654 • A657 • A658 • A660 • B1217 • B6123 • B6125 • B6126 • B6127 • B6137 • B6152 • B6153 • B6154 • B6157 • B6158 (Leeds) • B6159 • B6451 • B6481 (Leeds) • E106 (Northampton - Leeds) • E109 (Old System) • E20 • E22 • Leeds North East Urban Motorway • M111 • M19 • M62 • M621 • M65 (Gildersome - Leeds) • T16 (Britain) • T20 (Britain) • T21 (Britain) • T66 (Britain) • T69 (Britain) • T71 (Britain)
Motorways in Great Britain
Current MotorwaysM1 • M2 • M3 • M4 • M5 • M6 • M6 Toll • M8 • M9 • M11 • M18 • M20 • M23 • M25 • M26 • M27 • M32 • M40 • M42 • M45 • M48 • M49 • M50 • M53 • M54 • M55 • M56 • M57 • M58 • M60 • M61 • M62 • M65 • M66 • M67 • M69 • M73 • M74 • M77 • M80 • M90 • M180 • M181 • M271 • M275 • M602 • M606 • M621 • M876 • M898
A1(M) • A3(M) • A14(M) • A38(M) • A48(M) • A57(M) • A58(M) • A64(M) • A66(M) • A74(M) • A92(M) • A167(M) • A168(M) • A194(M) • A195(M) • A308(M) • A329(M) • A404(M) • A601(M) • A627(M) • A635(M) • A666(M) • A823(M) • A1058(M)
Motorway Spurs • (M4 Heathrow Spur • M25 T5 Spur • Walton Summit M'way)
Former MotorwaysM10 • M15 • M16 • M30 • M41 • M52 • M62 • M63 • M64 • M65 • M68 • M85 • M110 • M111 • M270 • M274 • M531 • M600
A2(M) • A4(M) • A5(M) • A8(M) • A11(M) • A18(M) • A20(M) • A21(M) • A23(M) • A36(M) • A40(M) (Central London) • A40(M) (Buckinghamshire) • A41(M) • A46(M) • A48(M) (Morriston) • A48(M) (Port Talbot) • A65(M) • A102(M) (North) • A102(M) (South) • A423(M) • A446(M) • A604(M) • A638(M) • A696(M) • A1231(M) • A6127(M) • A6138(M) • A6144(M)
Unbuilt MotorwaysM4 Toll • M12 (Woodford - Brentford) • M12 (Woodford - Maplin) • M12 (Brentwood - -Chelmsford) • M13 • M17 • M19 • M31 • M58 • M59 • M60 • M62 RR • M64 • M81 • M82 • M83 • M100 • M272 • M601 • M650
A2(M) • A6(M) (West) • A6(M) (East) • A48(M) • A59(M) • A61(M) • A556(M) • A695(M)
A Ring • Bilston Link • Belmont Link • B-W M'way • CME Bypass • CMW • Central Spine • Chippenham Spur • Coventry N-S M'way • Denham Spur • Derby Urban M'way • Droitwich-Leicester M'way • East Coast M'way • EXR • East Kilbride M'way • E-W Underground M'way • Eastern M'way • Euroroute • Friars Goose Xing • Furness Link • Glasgow IRR • GM Western Relief Road • Hamilton-Cumbernauld M'way • Hook Road • Johnstone M'way • Kendal Link • Liverpool Inner M'way • LOX M'way • Malvern Radial • Manchester IRR • Morecambe Link • NE Urban M'way • NXR • N&W M'way • Paisley-Hamilton M'way • POLO • Princess P'way M'way • Reading Urban M'way • Ringway 2 • Sheffield Spur • S Bristol Spur • SCRPDR • SXR • Stirling Corner Link • Strensham-Solihill M'way • Strensham-Solihill M'way • TGAAR • Townhill Link • Trafford Park M'way • Warndon Radial • Watford Urban M'Way • Western Orbital • Weston Spur