|Location Map ( geo)|
|Via:||Dundee, Arbroath, Aberdeen|
|Distance:||111 miles (178.6 km)|
|Meets:||M90, A907, B925, A909, B9149, A910, B981, A921, B9130, B921, A911, B9130, B969, A912, A914, B936, B937, B938, B9129, A91, A913, B946, B995, B946, A991, A930, A972, B959, B961, B978, B962, A930, B9128, A933, B964, B9114, B965, A934, B9133, A935, A937, B9120, B967, A957, A90, B979, A956, B9077, A9013, A93, B9119, B983, A944, A9011, A9012, B986, A96, B997, B999|
|Former Number(s):||A914, A90|
|Old route now:||A921, A914, A90, A952|
|Route outline (key)|
Originally Scotland's main east-coast route north of the Firth of Forth, linking Fife, Dundee, Angus, Kincardineshire, Aberdeen and Fraserburgh, the A92 has a complex history. It's undergone many route changes and suffered a significant truncation in the 1990s, leaving it as a route from Dunfermline - Dundee - Stonehaven. In 2018, it regained a part of its former northern section from Stonehaven to Blackdog following the opening of the AWPR. The A92 now continues from Stonehaven, runs through Aberdeen, following Anderson Drive along the former inner bypass, terminating on the A90 at Blackdog, north of the City.
It's now a mixture of trunk and non-primary dual, four-lane and single-carriageway and still forms a very important route through Fife, Angus and Aberdeen.
Section 1: Dunfermline – Stonehaven
The A92 begins life at J3 of the M90 (Halbeath Junction, east of Dunfermline), although a recent motorway spur (which may or may not be the A92(M)) allows direct access to and from the M90 south by J2A, essentially part of the same interchange. This spur meets the A92 at a limited-access junction east of Crossgates, where the Fife Regional Road begins. This high quality dual carriageway heads east to Kirkcaldy, with full grade-separated junctions for the A909, B9149 and A910. The A92 meets the old A92, now A921/B9130 at a roundabout north of Kirkcaldy, and the dual carriageway swings north, bypassing Thornton to meet the B921 on the outskirts of Glenrothes at a ridiculously large roundabout with confusing lane markings. It's built with the capability for adding a flyover but I can't see it happening.... Still on dual carriageway, the A92 spears through Glenrothes, to meet the A911 at another roundabout. Heading north, A92 traffic must filter into the outside lane to carry straight on at this roundabout.
Now, the A92 is all of a sudden an inadequate single-lane road, winding through woodland between Glenrothes and Markinch. Apparently an upgrade to dual carriageway for this section has been shelved, with 'minor junction improvements' promised instead. North of Glenrothes, dual carriageway starts again, although recent changes to the B969 junction mean that each carriageway is effectively single-lane. Eventually we get two-lane dual carriageway back, only for it to stop again at the New Inn roundabout (A912/A914). It's a single carriageway north now, passing through Freuchie (with its famous cricket team), and following a largely straight route across the flat Howe of Fife. Ladybank is passed to the east of the road, and after a realigned railway bridge (now a double bend and blind summit), the A92 meets the A91 at the Melville Lodge Roundabout.
Continuing through the rolling farmland of north-east Fife, the A92 is still single carriageway, where overtaking is possible, and can be fast at night, but a tractor is bad news....
The A913 crossroads has been altered to become a staggered junction, and the A92 progresses past Rathillet and Kilmany to the B946 left turn, where the mid-1960s approach road to the Tay Bridge begins. Minor roads to Wormit and Leuchars meet at a roundabout, and the A92 climbs to the Forgan roundabout where the A914 from Cupar and St Andrews, and B995 from Newport meet. From here to Dundee is dual carriageway, and the road blasts through the hill to the roundabout at the south end of the Tay Road Bridge. The bridge itself is about a mile and a half of arrow-straight dual carriageway across the silvery Tay, with a constant incline (downhill towards Dundee) and a 50 mph speed limit. There's even a pedestrian walkway in the central reservation. The previous southbound-only toll was removed in February 2008. The bridge is managed and maintained by the Tay Road Bridge Joint Board.
On reaching Dundee, there used to be a trumpet junction to allow access to Dundee's inner ring road, the A991 South Marketgait. This was demolished in the 2010s as part of a redevelopment to link Dundee city centre with the riverside and a new flyover is currently under construction which will give the road a single bend to the right as it descends to ground level.
The A92 multiplexes briefly with the A991 (it seems that our number is dominant but this was not the case until recently) before emerging as East Dock Street, still as a trunk road, a four-lane road east past the docks. After a couple of miles the A930 continues straight on to Broughty Ferry while A92 takes a left turn at the Broughty Ferry Road Junction onto Greendykes Avenue. This is a strange dual carriageway through a housing estate where there is barely room for overtaking, mainly due to the narrow lanes and wide central reservation along which a line of pylons formerly ran. This road meets the A972 Kingsway (Dundee outer ring road), B959 and B961 at the Scott Fyffe Roundabout, and the A972 takes the trunk/primary route northwest to meet the A90.
So from now on the A92 is just a secondary Class I route, but is as busy as ever, being a main commuter route. It heads east past the Claypotts junction with the B978 (formerly a notorious roundabout, now a major traffic-light junction). This is now a 40 mph dual carriageway with roundabouts through Dundee, (or more accurately along the back of Monifeith as the expected developments to the north have not take place) to Ethiebeaton Park. From here we enter Angus and an increase in speed limit to NSL, from here on to Elliot all junctions are grade separated.
A steep drop to Elliot roundabout takes us into Arbroath, passing Gayfield Park (Arbroath FC, the UK's closest football ground to the sea - about 160 mm away), and bypassing the town centre (30 mph though). At a roundabout the A933 heads northwest to Forfar and Brechin, while the A92 continues north towards Inverkeilor which is bypassed. A low bridge means a high-vehicle diversion south of Inverkeilor - not always followed with unfortunate consequences. The A92 keeps slightly inland between Arbroath and Montrose, passing Lunan Bay to the east - it's actually possible to drive from Arbroath to Montrose on minor roads, always keeping coast-side of the A92. The A92 descends towards Montrose, with views to the tidal Montrose basin. The A934 from Forfar joins from the west, and the A92 passes under an arch of the railway viaduct to enter Ferryden, a village which is effectively a suburb of Montrose.
Heading north at a roundabout, the A92 crosses the outflow of Montrose Basin on a new bridge, to enter Montrose proper. The Inner Relief Road (opened 1997) means the A92 avoids the main high street, meeting the Brechin (A935) road at a roundabout, and at a Y-junction the Laurencekirk road (A937) veers off northwestwards. North of Montrose, the River North Esk is crossed by a fairly narrow bridge and a couple of bad bends, and now we've left Angus and entered Kincardineshire, now within the Aberdeenshire council area. The A92 continues to follow the coast, through St Cyrus, and as the slopes to the coast get slightly steeper, passes roads to the fishing villages of Johnshaven and Gourdon before entering Inverbervie. There was a tiny piece of dual carriageway just south of Inverbervie but it was removed recently.
Inverbervie is the last place of any size on the single carriageway A92 north, and the route leaves the town by the high level Bervie Bridge over the Bervie Water. Here, the B967 heads west to Fordoun and the A90 which is by now heading towards the coast (also along the B967 is a centre devoted to the author Lewis Grassick Gibbon. An urban myth is that many tourists turn up at the Grassick Gibbon Centre wondering where the monkeys are...). The next few miles see the A92 pass Kinneff and Catterline (Kinneff church being a temporary resting place for that important piece of Scottish history, the Stone of Destiny). Eventually an extension of the 1984 Stonehaven bypass sees the A92 swing northwestwards to reach a trumpet junction on the A90 just south of Stonehaven. Originally the A92 passed Dunnottar Castle (tourists, film crews, etc.) and wound its way down to meet the old A94 (now A957) in Stonehaven. The final section, from the bend above the harbour is now one-way heading in this direction and has been narrowed by the simple method of placing a barrier down the centre to prohibit access to the former southbound lane.
Section 2: Stonehaven – Aberdeen
With the completion of the Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route, the A90 between Stonehaven and Blackdog has been reclassified as A92. The A92 number disappears for a couple of miles along the Stonehaven bypass, but soon reappears when the A90 leaves along the new Fastlink at a roundabout that also provides access to the B979. This junction formerly provided only northbound access to the B979, but now allows full access from all directions, albeit with a significant conflict (all southbound A90 traffic from the AWPR must cross northbound A90 traffic leaving the Stonehaven bypass). The northbound A92 access from the junction is on the steepest part of the climb, so the acceleration lane continues as a climbing lane almost to the brow of the hill.
Logie – Bridge of Muchalls
A very short stretch of dual carriageway from the early 1970s.
Bridge of Muchalls
The earliest dual carriageway along the whole route was at Bridge of Muchalls: just half a mile of new road, and three of the worst bends to be found on any NSL dual carriageway anywhere in the country, with two T-junctions thrown into the bargain. As might be expected, the old route was considerably worse: the southernmost of the three old bends can still be seen alongside the dual carriageway, although heavily overgrown, and the bottom bend at Bridge of Muchalls is still open to local traffic.
Bridge of Muchalls – Bourtreebush
Dualled in the 1960s, this road has seen minor improvements since.
The A92 meets the A956 at Charleston Junction. This junction, formerly a trumpet, provides full access to both the 'old' A956 Wellington Route route to the city centre, and the new route west to the Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route. Along with the rest of the AWPR, the A956 west of the junction is a Special Road limited to Class I and II traffic, so any non-motorway traffic must continue north or northeast.
Bourtreebush – South Damhead
Although planned in the 1970s, this section wasn't dualled until much later. OS maps actually removed the proposed route.
South Damhead – Bridge of Dee
This is another very early section of dual carriageway, improved to remove a series of bad bends, and also to allow overtaking on the steep climb out from Bridge of Dee.
The Bridge of Dee itself is narrow and has a 7-foot width limit. Goods vehicles must divert on a well signposted route to the next bridge downstream, then return up to the far side of the bridge on the north bank.
Section 3: Aberdeen – Blackdog
Aberdeen, Anderson Drive
The middle of three ring-roads planned for Aberdeen in the 1940s, Anderson Drive was the only one built. Originally single carriageway, the road is now mostly dual-carriageway, but there are still eight roundabouts and three signal-controlled junctions between the Dee and the Don bridges, and much of the road has access to houses on both sides.
The roundabout at the Bridge of Dee is very large and very busy, although the hope is that the re-routing of traffic onto the new A90 should make this less congested. The land to the west of the roundabout is now the home of a large Sainsbury's, Boots superstore, and a B&Q - and the congestion is predictable. The road west leads to Cults, and affluent suburb of Aberdeen that's still a cut above the city proper. To the east is the main road into the commercial centre of the city, and to the north is Anderson Drive.
This first bit of Anderson Drive was dualled from when it was first built, and has a 40 mph speed limit. The lamp standards are typical for Aberdeen, and form a long graceful curve out over the road. This design of the lamp standards was reputedly developed with by the corporation tram company, who had suitable equipment for making curved tram rails that they could use. To the left of the road is an area of recent flats. This was the site chosen in pre-war years for Aberdeen's Ice Rink, and construction was almost complete when war broke out in 1939. Unfortunately, the brand new building was badly damaged when a German aircraft which was shot down on top of it. It was not possible in the post-war years to repair the structure, and it was eventually removed and the flats built.
Around the corner, with the speed limit reduced to 30 mph, is the most traditional part of Anderson Drive. It's two lanes undivided, with direct access from private drives on both sides of the road. The next roundabout is small, but busy, and you learn very quickly that Aberdonians don't hang around! Good lane discipline is essential, as there are normally two streams of traffic around the roundabout throughout the daytime hours.
The next junction, where the A93 crosses, is signal-controlled. The lights are currently phased so that A92 traffic always gets green with green arrows for left and right turns. There are only two lanes on the approach to the junction, and a considerable proportion of turning traffic.
Roundabout after roundabout follows, as the road climbs steadily. The only clue of a change in the pattern is a smooth left hand bend. In the woods to the left at this point is the Rubislaw Quarry, the great hole from which most of the granite which built Aberdeen was taken. The quarry was Europe's largest man-made hole, eclipsed only by modern strip mining, and is the largest man-made hole which sits with no current use.
Just as you're getting used to the bend comes the sudden shock of another set of traffic lights. The land to the north of the quarry was used to build the headquarters of one of the Aberdeen oil companies, and the junction with the lights provide the only access.
The ring road continues north, meeting King's Gate at a roundabout. As we climb the hill, we pass a fire station on the left with wig-wags, and the B983 meets us at a signalised junction. Next, we meet the A944 (Lang Stract) at a large crossroads. Yet more traffic lights meet us next, providing access to ARI on the right and the headquarters of Aberdeenshire Council (which are strangely, not in Aberdeenshire!).
Next, we reach a large roundabout, which has something strange about it. Provost Fraser drive to the left looks like a dual carriageway, but it not laid out that way, and terminates abruptly in a field. To the right, a suspiciously wide Cairncry road runs down into Kittybrewster. Of course, these are radials built in preparation for the 1950s unbuilt bypass. More strangeness meets us at the next roundabout. Provost Rust drive, again to the left, was built as a dual carriageway but operates as two parallel roads. It also terminates at a dead end, at a Golf course. To the right, a wide Rosehill drive (A9012) heads down to Hilton. More suspiciously wide roads meet us afterwards at some traffic lights, Manor Avenue and Hilton Drive. These clues help explain the inevitable queue ahead for the Haudagain Roundabout, which is small, cramped and a major junction where we meet the A96. Had the 1950s bypass been built, most traffic would have already left us by this point. A bodge for over 50 years, the Haudagain is finally due for replacement in the coming years with a link road and three sets of traffic lights. We cross it gingerly and carry on north.
Aberdeen – Bridge Of Don
On the far side of the A96 we are now S2 again - and the 30 limit sign adjacent is rather ominous. The quality of the road is not too bad, however; it is just inadequate for the traffic using it. Originally the part from Haudagain until we turn to cross the Don was merely a local road, which the A92 has taken over.
After crossing the railway line the road bends to the left to pass the cemetery then turn right at the next roundabout to cross the River Don. The road continues as typical urban S2 bypass, with a 50/40 mph limit heading back eastwards along The Parkway, with regular roundabouts and a final run through an industrial estate to reach another roundabout. The Parkway was built as Bridge of Don expanded in the 1970s and 80s, partly as an upgrade of a minor road and partly as a new route. We meet the A956 again at Exhibition Centre roundabout, which has taken a shorter albeit busier route through the city centre. We turn left and continue north up the coast.
Bridge Of Don - Blackdog
The road is now dual carriageway again, and NSL for two miles, passing Bridge of Don industrial estate, then meets the B999 at a roundabout.
Shortly after this, we reach the formal Aberdeen City boundary, and pass into Aberdeenshire once more. At this point, we reach Blackdog Junction, where the A90 rejoins us, and the A92 finally comes to an end.
An amended OpenStreetMap trace for this route awaits uploading to the SABRE Wiki.
The above route in its entirety only dates back to the 1990s, when the road was curtailed considerably at its northern end. However, the road further south also lies some distance from even its 1970s route in places. The major changes are summarised below.
Originally, the A92 left the A90 (now B981) at Inverkeithing to head east along Hillend Road to join what is now the A921 along the Fife coast; then after the Forth Road Bridge appeared in 1964, the A92 was rerouted to reach the M90/A90/A985 at M90 J1. It headed east along the coast through Aberdour, Burntisland and Kinghorn to Kirkcaldy, then continued north towards Glenrothes. This section was renumbered A921 sometime in the late 1980s to the point just north of Kirkcaldy where it meets the new D2 road from Halbeath on the M90.
The A92 originally left the present course of the route at New Inn Roundabout (A914/A912, north of Glenrothes), and headed north-east to Cupar, the old county town of Fife. It met the A91 at a T junction in Cupar, disappeared for a few miles in one of the longer original (1922) multiplexes, before leaving the A91 east of Dairsie and heading north to St Michaels to meet the A919/B945 at a crossroads, turning left and continuing to Newport, meeting the A914 again, where the old Tay ferry departed for Dundee. After the Tay Road Bridge and its southern approach roads were opened in 1966, the A92 met the A914 at Forgan Roundabout near Newport, and the old A92 into Newport was renamed the B995. The A914 became incorporated into the main (primary) link to the Tay Bridge, with the A92 via Cupar being non-primary. A mere 30 years later, in 1996, the anomaly of the main Fife-Dundee route changing from A92 to A914 and back again was rectified when the A92 and A914 swapped routes.
North of Stonehaven, the A92 ran through Aberdeen. After the Parkway through the growing suburb of Bridge of Don was completed in the 1980s, it briefly become the Aberdeen ring road (Anderson Drive) in place of the A947 and onwards via Mugiemoss Road and the Parkway; the original A92 ran along Holburn Street, Union Street and King Street. The A92 then continued north via Ellon and Mintlaw to end on the A98 in Fraserburgh. From Stonehaven to just south of the Bridge of Dee was renumbered as an extension of the A90 in about 1994, and the section through Aberdeen and north became a further extension of A90 in 1996 - but that road detours via Peterhead so the direct route via Mintlaw is now the A952.
With the opening of the Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route in 2018, the A90 number was assigned to the new bypass, with the old A92 number reclaiming its previous route from Stonehaven to Aberdeen once again, through to Blackdog to the north of the city.
The A92's trunk road status has also been quite volatile. The Trunk Roads Act 1936 designated the section from Dundee to Fraserburgh as a trunk road (except within the urban areas of Dundee, Arbroath and Aberdeen, as large burghs didn't get trunk roads within them). The Trunk Roads Act 1946 added the section from Inverkeithing to Kirkcaldy, as part of the rather bizarrely routed trunk road from Dennyloanhead via the East Neuk of Fife to St Andrews. That Act also trunked the part from the junction with A972 to the eastern boundary of Dundee. The current route of A92 between Kirkcaldy and Dundee (including the then A914) certainly became primary at some stage, although it is unclear when any of it became trunk. In south Fife, for a time the primary route followed the A987/A907 inland route (Queensferry passage, now B9157), bypassing Burntisland and Kinghorn, but it is uncertain whether the trunk route was altered accordingly. What is certain is that Halbeath to Dundee has been trunk throughout since 1996.
Conversely, Dundee to Stonehaven was detrunked in the 1970s, when the decision was taken to upgrade the inland A929/A94 (now A90) route. North of Aberdeen the old A92 was trunk to the A952 junction NE of Ellon, and lost it until meeting the A952 south of Fraserburgh, possibly explaining why the A90 was routed that way. In 1996 the route within Aberdeen also became trunk, losing that status again on completion of the AWPR.
Therefore, the only part of the 1936 trunk route to remain trunk is from Stonehaven to the junction with A956, and none of the current trunk section elsewhere was trunk in 1936.
Improvement Opening Dates
|1964||Bridge of Muchalls - Cortins||The 1 mile widening and re-alignment north of Stonehaven was completed in 1964 per the 1964 Scottish Development Department Report (but note it is included on the 1963 OS one inch map). Included a 0.7 mile dual carriageway.|
|1966||Tay Road Bridge and approach roads||The 7,365 foot (1.4 mile) 42 span bridge from Newport on Tay to Dundee was opened on 18 August 1966 by the Queen Mother. 22 foot dual carriageways with 10 foot central reservation for pedestrians. Gradient was 1 in 81. There were 3.6 miles of approach roads in Fife from B946 at Sandford Hill and 0.75 mile in Dundee. Dual carriageway from Forgan Roundabout to the bridge. Contractor was Duncan Logan (Contractors) Ltd. of Muir of Ord, cost £6.5 million.|
|1967||Cortins - Limpet Mill||The 0.75 mile dualling north of Stonehaven was completed in 1967 per the 1967 Scottish Development Department Report. Limpet Mill was north of Limpet Burn.|
|1969||New Inn - Balfarg dualling||The 1.33 mile online dualling to just south of Balfarg was completed in 1969 per the 1969 Scottish Development Department Report. Cost £200,000.|
|1970||Monduff Diversion||The 0.75 mile dual carriageway south of and about the current Newtonhill Junction was completed in 1970 per the 1970 Scottish Development Department Report. Due date was mid-September 1970 per Aberdeen Press of 29 July 1970.|
|1972||Arbroath Inner Relief Road||Phase 2 between Panmure Street (near to Catherine Street) and West Grimsby was completed in 1972 per the 1972 Scottish Development Department Report. Cost £170,000. A start had been made on the next phase between East Grimsby and Dundee Road.|
|1975||Cammachmore Bypass||Reported as nearing completion in the 27 March 1975 Aberdeen Press. Renumbered to A90 in 1994, then back to A92.|
|1983||Thornton Bypass||Phase 2 - the 1.3 mile southern section was completed in 1983 per the Roads in Scotland Report for 1983 to complete the bypass. The 1.2 mile Phase 1 northern section had been completed in 1981.|
|1985||East Fife Regional Road||Phase 1 - The dual carriageway from the original M90 Halbeath Junction to Cowdenbeath Junction was opened in 1985 per the Dundee Courier of 25 April 1986 (the Halbeath Spur opened in 1998). Contractor was Tractor Shovels Ltd..|
|1987||East Fife Regional Road||Phase 2 - The 2.2 mile dual carriageway from Cowdenbeath Junction to Lochgelly Junction was opened on 20 August 1987 by James Douglas-Hamilton, Scottish Environment Minister. Contractor was Tractor Shovels Ltd., cost £6.3 million.|
|1990||East Fife Regional Road||Phases 3 & 4 - The dual carriageway from Lochgelly Junction to Redhouse Roundabout (south end of Thornton Bypass) was opened on 16 July 1990 by James Douglas-Hamilton, Scottish Environment Minister. The first "drive" was a shot down the road by Scottish golfer Sam Torrence. Contractor was Tractor Shovels Ltd..|
|1997||Montrose Inner Relief Road||Basin View and Basin Well Drive. Opened on 28 February 1997 by Councillor Sandy West. Contractor was Balfour Beatty Construction (Scotland) Ltd..|
|2022||Haudagain Roundabout Bypass||The 0.3 mile dual carriageway between North Anderson Drive (A92) and Auchmill Road (A96) was opened on 16 May 2022 by Jenny Gilruth, Transport Minister. Cost £49.5 million.|
- Highways and Byways Route Guide (Fife Regional Road)
- Highways and Byways Route Guide (Arbroath Road)
- The A92 Trunk Road (Stonehaven to Charleston) (Prohibition and 40mph Speed Limit) Order 2019 - Regulations providing prohibition of turns and speed limits, primarily at junctions