Star.pngStar.pngStar.pngStar.pngStar grey.png

C1 (North Yorkshire)

From Roader's Digest: The SABRE Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Location Map ( geo)
Cameraicon.png View gallery (5)
From:  Scotch Corner (A1(M)) (NZ216053)
To:  Egton Low Moor (A171) (NZ795085)
Via:  Stokesley
Distance:  72.9 km (45.3 miles)
Meets:  A1(M), C6, C46, C148, A167, C2, C158, A19, C27, C143, C142, C22, C139, C23, B1365, A173, C25, C160, C24, C155, C20, C108 (Redcar and Cleveland), C21, C56, C221, A171
Highway Authorities

North Yorkshire

Traditional Counties


Route outline (key)
C1 Scotch Corner - Great Smeaton
(A167) Great Smeaton
C1 Great Smeaton - Stokesley
(B1365) Stokesley
(A173) Stokesley
C1 Stokesley - Egton Low Moor
This article is about the Class III road numbered C1 maintained by North Yorkshire Council.
For other roads numbered C1, see C1

The C1, maintained by North Yorkshire Council is an epic route running along the northern border of Yorkshire. It links the A1(M) at Scotch Corner with the A171, not far from Whitby. Although the only major town on the route is Stokesley, it is important for a number of villages in Hambleton and the Esk Valley.


Scotch Corner - Great Smeaton

The C1 and C46 merge for a short while in the village of Moulton.

The C1 starts just east of Scotch Corner at a T-junction with the C6, almost opposite the entrance to Scotch Corner services. The road runs south, bending around to run alongside the A1(M) on a modern alignment. After a mile or so, the road bends sharply to the left and away from the motorway.

We are now on Scurragh House Lane, the house in question however was flattened to make way for the motorway. The road heads east and enters the village of Moulton. At St. Andrew's Church, the road bends to the right at a T-junction. The C46 joins us here for a short while until we TOTSO at a side road, the C46 continuing southwards towards Scorton.

The C1 continues east on Back Lane for about 2.5 miles on a reasonably fast alignment through open countryside. At a side turning on the right, our route TOTSOs again. The road ahead is unclassified, but provides a useful short cut to the B1263 in the Yarm direction. Our route however heads south and then east again, passing through the hamlet of Moulton End and then into the village of North Cowton. Once past the village green, the road becomes Holywell Lane, leaving the village and arriving at a crossroads with the B1263.

Continuing east, after a mile the road reaches the ruins of St. Mary's Church, which is now just an isolated graveyard surrounded by fields. Another mile further on, and the road enters East Cowton village. At the far end of the village, the C148 splits off to the south, heading for the small hamlet of Birkby. The C1 exits the village, and sweeps around and under the East Coast Main Line - the station building can be seen off to the left. The road becomes a little more twisty, but still heading generally east. This section of the C1 ends at the edge of the village of Great Smeaton. To reach the next section, one must follow the A167 Northallerton Road through the village.

Great Smeaton - Stokesley

Just before the A167 bends to the right at the far end of Great Smeaton, the C1 takes a left at a side junction and starts to head northeast. A mile along the road is the linear village of Hornby, which is little more than a main street. The route carries on eastwards, then takes a sharp bend to the south, reaching the village of Appleton Wiske after about 2 miles.

Appleton Wiske is a more substantial village, home to a pub, some shops and a primary school. The road through the village starts as West Street but becomes Hornby Road as it nears the centre. At the Lord Nelson public house, the C2 Front Street joins from the right, and multiplexes with the C1 for a short while before splitting to the left at a forked junction right on the edge of the village.

The C1 continues eastwards, crossing the Northallerton - Yarm railway line at a level crossing. The old station building for Appleton can be seen on the right at the crossing. The road now becomes a little more twisty compared to previous sections, though still of a reasonable quality. The C158 (from West Rounton) joins us from the right at Whitegates Nursery as we twist and turn to reach the village of East Rounton. This is another small village and it doesn't take long to pass through and out into open countryside again. After a mile of straighter road we reach a fairly significant junction for our route - the Trenholme Bar grade separated interchange with the A19. Originally the C1 would have crossed at grade, however improvements (in around 2008) have seen the original junction becoming LILOs, and an overbridge now connects the two sides just to the north.

The bridge over the A19 at Trenholme Bar.

We are now on Trenholme Lane, and as before, the road is of a reasonably good S2 quality. After a pair of tight bends we cross the old trackbed of an old railway that ran to Battersby (this is still open for rail traffic between Middlesbrough and Whitby). The road becomes Belbrough Lane at a staggered crossroads with the C27 (Crathorne - Osmotherley road) and on entering the village of Hutton Rudby we meet the C143 Station Lane on the right. Hutton Rudby is the largest village that the route has encountered so far, and as we progress through the village, we go along the oddly named Entrepen and then The Wynd as the C142 Sexhow Lane joins us from the right. At a large village green, the C22 West End joins from the left and the road becomes Hutton Bank. This is a fairly narrow section of road that descends a 13% (1:7) gradient down to a bridge over the River Leven.

On the other side of the bridge, the road becomes Rudby Bank, which is little less steep, and enters the village of Rudby. This is a smaller "sister" village to Hutton Rudby on the south bank of the Leven, and after a sharp bend to the right (where the C139 Middleton Road heads off north) we exit the village and regain a reasonably fast and straight alignment past Rudby Hall and the hamlet of Brawith, where there is a 40mph speed limit. At the far end of Brawith, the C23 joins from a side road to the left, and there is a brief section of countryside before entering the town of Stokesley. A roundabout to a new housing estate slows us down as we travel along Westlands and West End.

Just before reaching the town centre, Thirsk Road joins from the right. This is the B1365, which also takes over the route into town. The C1 therefore multiplexes with the B1365 through town and then onto the A173 on the east side of Stokesley before splitting off and heading its own way again.

Stokesley - Egton Low Moor

The C1 regains its identity at a side turning off the A173 just beyond the Stokesley bypass. From here it becomes a significantly more important road as it is one of the main west-east routes for villages in the Esk Valley, and provides access to the north of the North York Moors.

For now, we are still in the valley of the River Leven, still running east. About two miles into the journey, the C26 from Great Ayton joins us on the left, and shortly after the C160 from Ingleby Greenhow joins from the right as we enter the village of Easby. At the far end of the village the road passes under the Middlesbrough-bound Esk Valley railway line and the road bends to the left at a junction with the C24 to Battersby. It isn't long before we meet the Whitby-bound part of the Esk Valley line, and we pass underneath as we gently climb up to the village of Kildale.

At Kildale there is a railway station tucked away in a side road, and we meet the railway again beyond the edge of the village, this time passing over it. After a minor crossroads at Percy Rigg, the road falls sharply down a 20% gradient to cross Sleddale Beck on a single track bridge. Sleddale Beck is the first of the streams we meet that feed into the River Esk, so technically we are now in Eskdale. After the bridge, there is another steep hill to climb up, this time 25%/1:4, and the road is now up on the moors, with sheep often straying on to the road!

The road continues climbing, albeit more gently, until it reaches the village of Commondale. It is a scenic little village, with a pub, several cottages (some of which are holiday lets), and a Scout Campsite. In the centre of Commondale we cross the Commondale Beck and the C155 joins from the south. The road leaves the village climbing up Potter's Bank, which has a short 20% section that takes us up on to a windswept, heather and bracken covered moor. A mile to east of Commondale, we reach a crossroads at White Cross. We are at about 265 metres above sea level here - given this is one of the major routes in the area, it becomes quite obvious why the Esk Valley railway line survived closure in the 1960s - it is often the only way out in winter!

White Cross - the road to the left heads to Commondale, straight on into Cleveland. The bus shelter once had a one a week bus service, however not even this service runs now!

At White Cross, the left turn takes us into Cleveland (C108 (Redcar and Cleveland)), and the road ahead is nothing more than a track, so the C1 takes a right and heads south. The road drops a little bit from the crossroads, but on arriving at Castleton we descend another 17%/1:6 hill (Langburn's Bank) as we arrive back in the main valley.

At the bottom of the bank, we pass under the railway again and past a small collection of houses that have grown up around the railway station. The main village centre is another half a mile away along Station Road, and we must give way at the east end of the High Street (C20) and turn left. From here, the road goes back to its easterly heading tendency and follows the River Esk, crossing it and the railway (again) about half a mile before arriving at Danby.

In Danby village, there is a staggered crossroads with the C21, where we must give way. On the other side, the road leaves the village on Briar Hill and Lodge Lane. This section is quite narrow in places, with a couple of steep hills in places, but improves somewhat when the route bears right onto Lawns Road at the National Park Centre. The route travels south for a bit now, following the River Esk until it turns east again after going under (another) railway bridge. To the left of the bend is the well known Duck Bridge.

However we continue eastwards on Lawns Road, following the river until we reach a right turn for the C56, another long distance route. The road then turns left, away from the river, under a railway bridge and into Houlsyke. This is a small village with no railway station. On the other side of the village the road twists and turns, first over, then under the railway. In places it is not possible for two cars to pass on this section. At a sharp right hand bend, the road passes over the railway on a rather magnificent (but single track) three arch stone bridge. The road then moves away from the railway for a bit and rejoins the River Esk at Lealholm.

In the village, the road takes a near 180 degree turn as it winds its way around the houses, before coming to a triangular junction where we must give way once again. To our right is the C221 towards Glaisdale and the lower villages of the Esk Valley, but the C1 turns left, over the railway one last time, and up the hill at Eller Gates. At the top of the hill there is a scattering of houses and a farm before the road hits open moorland again. This is Lealholm Rigg, which we drive over for a short before descending and crossing Stonegate Beck. The countryside here is a little more wooded, and we pass by greener pasture lands on a long straight until we reach the end of the route at a T-junction with the A171. A right turn here will take you to Whitby, seven miles away.


The original start to the C1 at Scurragh House.

A1 at Scurragh House

Prior to the construction of the A1(M) between Leeming and Barton in 2018, the C1 started at a LILO junction at Scurragh House. It is assumed that one point it was part of a staggered crossroads with the C108 to Skeeby.

During the construction of the motorway, a local access road was built alongside east side of the motorway to Scotch Corner. There is no trace of the original junction, or Scurragh House that sat on the side of the road at that point.

A19 at Trenholme Bar

The old crossover can still be seen from the flyover at Trenholme Bar.

The C1 once crossed the busy A19 at a crossroads with a dangerous gap in the central reservation. This gap was closed up in 2008, and an overbridge was built just to the north of the existing junction to allow traffic to cross the A19 safely. As part of other safety schemes, many gaps were closed in this area, and so this grade separated junction also provides turning opportunities for other traffic in the area.

C1 (North Yorkshire)
Related Pictures
View gallery (5)
C1 North Yorks - Scurragh House Lane - Geograph - 215943.jpgC1 and C46, Moulton North Yorks - Geograph - 4740927.jpgThe A19 near Trenholme Bridge - Geograph - 4490614.jpgBridge over the A19 at Trenholme Bar- Geograph - 3278716.jpgC1 White Cross And Road Junction - Geograph - 1905467.jpg
Class III Roads maintained by North Yorkshire Council
C1-99C1 • C2 • C3 • C4 • C5 • C6 • C7 • C8 • C9 • C10 • C11 • C12 • C13 • C14 • C15 • C16 • C17 • C18 • C19 • C20 • C21 • C22 • C23 • C24 • C25 • C26 • C27 • C28 • C29 • C30 • C31 • C32 • C33 • C34 • C35 • C36 • C37 • C38 • C39 • C40 • C41 • C42 • C43 • C44 • C45 • C46 • C47 • C48 • C49 • C50 • C51 • C52 • C53 • C54 • C55 • C56 • C57 • C58 • C59 • C60 • C61 • C62 • C63 • C64 • C65 • C66 • C67 • C68 • C69 • C70 • C71 • C72 • C73 • C74 • C75 • C76 • C77 • C78 • C79 • C80 • C81 • C82 • C83 • C84 • C85 • C86 • C87 • C88 • C89 • C90 • C91 • C92 • C93 • C94 • C95 • C96 • C97 • C98 • C99
C100-199C100 • C101 • C102 • C103 • C104 • C105 • C106 • C107 • C108 • C109 • C110 • C111 • C112 • C113 • C114 • C115 • C116 • C117 • C118 • C119 • C120 • C121 • C122 • C123 • C124 • C125 • C126 • C127 • C128 • C129 • C130 • C131 • C132 • C133 • C134 • C135 • C136 • C137 • C138 • C139 • C140 • C141 • C142 • C143 • C144 • C145 • C146 • C147 • C148 • C149 • C150 • C151 • C152 • C153 • C154 • C155 • C156 • C157 • C158 • C159 • C160 • C161 • C162 • C163 • C164 • C165 • C166 • C167 • C168 • C169 • C170 • C171 • C172 • C173 • C174 • C175 • C176 • C177 • C178 • C179 • C180 • C181 • C182 • C183 • C184 • C185 • C186 • C187 • C188 • C189 • C190 • C191 • C192 • C193 • C194 • C195 • C196 • C197 • C198 • C199
C200-299C200 • C201 • C202 • C203 • C204 • C205 • C206 • C207 • C208 • C209 • C210 • C211 • C212 • C213 • C214 • C215 • C216 • C217 • C218 • C219 • C220 • C221 • C222 • C223 • C224 • C225 • C226 • C227 • C228 • C229 • C230 • C231 • C232 • C233 • C234 • C235 • C236 • C237 • C238 • C239 • C240 • C241 • C242 • C243 • C244 • C245 • C246 • C247 • C248 • C249 • C250 • C251 • C252 • C253 • C254 • C255 • C256 • C257 • C258 • C259 • C260 • C261 • C262 • C263 • C264 • C265 • C266 • C267 • C268 • C269 • C270 • C271 • C272 • C273 • C274 • C275 • C276 • C277 • C278 • C279 • C280 • C281 • C282 • C283 • C284 • C285 • C286 • C287 • C288 • C289 • C290 • C291 • C292 • C293 • C294 • C295 • C296 • C297 • C298 • C299
C300-399C300 • C301 • C302 • C303 • C304 • C305 • C306 • C307 • C308 • C309 • C310 • C311 • C312 • C313 • C314 • C315 • C316 • C317 • C318 • C319 • C320 • C321 • C322 • C323 • C324 • C325 • C326 • C327 • C328 • C329 • C330 • C331 • C332 • C333 • C334 • C335 • C336 • C337 • C338 • C339 • C340 • C341 • C342 • C343 • C344 • C345 • C346 • C347 • C348 • C349 • C350 • C351 • C352 • C353 • C354 • C355 • C356 • C357 • C358 • C359 • C360 • C361 • C362 • C363 • C364 • C365 • C366 • C367 • C368 • C369 • C370 • C371 • C372 • C373 • C374 • C375 • C376 • C377 • C378 • C379 • C380 • C381 • C382 • C383 • C384 • C385 • C386 • C387 • C388 • C389 • C390 • C391 • C392 • C393 • C394 • C395 • C396 • C397 • C398 • C399 •
C400-424C400 • C401 • C402 • C403 • C404 • C405 • C406 • C407 • C408 • C409 • C410 • C411 • C412 • C413 • C414 • C415 • C416 • C417 • C418 • C419 • C420 • C421 • C422 • C423 • C424 •

SABRE - The Society for All British and Irish Road Enthusiasts
Discuss - Digest - Discover - Help