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Charing Cross (London)

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Charing Cross
Location Map ( geo)
Roundabout south of Trafalgar Square - Geograph - 2481364.jpg
Cameraicon.png View gallery (3)
Trafalgar Square
Highway Authority
Junction Type
Roads Joined
A4, A400, A3212
Junctions related to the A400
Junctions related to the A3212
This article is about Charing Cross in London.
For other junctions named Charing Cross, see Charing Cross

Charing Cross is the place where most distances to London are measured to. It's generally considered the centre of the London urban area, at the junction between the West End to the north and west, central Westminster to the south, and The City to the east.


Named after the cross erected here at the end of the 13th century, in memory of Queen Eleanor, Charing Cross was originally the area around the junction of Whitehall, The Strand and Cockspur Street. The Mall and Northumberland Avenue later were built to meet the junction. In the early 19th century, the area to the north was converted into Trafalgar Square, making a larger junction that also included Charing Cross Road, Duncannon Street and Pall Mall.

On Classification, The Strand and Cockspur Street became part of the A4, Whitehall became the A3212 and Northumberland Avenue became B308. After WW2 (1960s?) Trafalgar Square became a large roundabout, this was changed in the '00s, when, to lower traffic speeds and allow better pedestrian flows, the north side of Trafalgar Square was closed, the other sides converted to two-way traffic, with a roundabout being constructed at Charing Cross.


Like many junctions in Central London, there are no signs around the junction.

Route To Notes


Trafalgar Square/Cockspur Street


Trafalgar Square/The Strand


Trafalgar Square/Charing Cross Road




Northumberland Avenue
The Mall. Closed on Sundays and Bank Holidays


Northumberland Avenue

Charing Cross (London)
Related Pictures
View gallery (3)
Northumberland Avenue WC2 - Geograph - 1283363.jpgRoutemaster 'Heritage Route' - Coppermine - 4191.JPGRoundabout south of Trafalgar Square - Geograph - 2481364.jpg
Junctions on the A4
Monument • Ludgate Circus • Holborn Circus • Trafalgar Square • Charing Cross • Piccadilly Circus • Hyde Park Corner • Scotch House • Hammersmith Flyover • Hogarth Roundabout • Chiswick Roundabout • Brentford • Gillette Corner • Henlys Roundabout • Waggoners Roundabout • Harlington Corner • Concord Roundabout • Moor Junction • Langley • Huntercombe Spur • The Thicket • Sutton Seeds • Theale • Robin Hood Roundabout • Kings Roundabout • Canal Roundabout • Webbington Roundabout • Bridge Roundabout • Rowden Roundabout • The Pheasant • Meuthen Park • Chequers • London Road Junction • Twerton Fork • The Globe • Broadmead • Hicks Gate Roundabout • Bath Bridge • Temple Circus • Cumberland Basin • Lawrence Weston Interchange (Portway Roundabout • St Brendans Roundabout) • St Andrews Gate Roundabout

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