Charing Cross (London)
|Location Map ( geo)|
|A4, A400, A3212|
|Junctions related to the A400|
|Archway • Britannia Junction • Cambridge Circus • Euston Underpass • St Giles Circus • Trafalgar Square|
|Junctions related to the A3212|
|Chelsea Interchange • Lambeth Bridge North Roundabout • Millbank Junction • Parliament Square • Trafalgar Square|
Charing Cross is the place where most distances to London are measured to. It's generally considered the centre of the London urban area, at the junction between the West End to the north and west, central Westminster to the south, and The City to the east.
Named after the cross erected here at the end of the 13th century, in memory of Queen Eleanor, Charing Cross was originally the area around the junction of Whitehall, The Strand and Cockspur Street. The Mall and Northumberland Avenue later were built to meet the junction. In the early 19th century, the area to the north was converted into Trafalgar Square, making a larger junction that also included Charing Cross Road, Duncannon Street and Pall Mall.
On Classification, The Strand and Cockspur Street became part of the A4, Whitehall became the A3212 and Northumberland Avenue became B308. After WW2 (1960s?) Trafalgar Square became a large roundabout, this was changed in the '00s, when, to lower traffic speeds and allow better pedestrian flows, the north side of Trafalgar Square was closed, the other sides converted to two-way traffic, with a roundabout being constructed at Charing Cross.
Like many junctions in Central London, there are no signs around the junction.
|Trafalgar Square/Cockspur Street|
|Trafalgar Square/The Strand|
|Trafalgar Square/Charing Cross Road|
|The Mall. Closed on Sundays and Bank Holidays|