|Location Map ( geo)|
|Other Important Destinations|
|Annan • Gretna • Lockerbie • Moffat|
|Current Highway Authorities|
|Dumfries & Galloway|
|Ayrshire • Cumberland • Kirkcudbrightshire • Peeblesshire • Roxburghshire • Selkirkshire|
|Transport Scotland Roads|
|A7 • A75 • A76 • A701|
Dumfriesshire is a traditional county in the south of Scotland. It is the largest of the three counties now served by Dumfries and Galloway Council and also larger than any of the Border counties. It's county town of Dumfries grew up on the east bank of the River Nith, which is also the county boundary, so nearly half of the modern town lies in neighbouring Kirkcudbrightshire.
Geography & Economy
Stretching from the vast beaches and sand flats of the Nith Estuary to the hills above Moffat, the county has a diverse landscape. Being closer to the main north south routes means that the county was more prosperous than some of its neighbours, and gained both from passing trade and also direct access to the cities both in Scotland and northern England. With good farmland in the south, a food industry grew into a series of surviving businesses in the area, whilst the woolen industry saw the Edinburgh Woolen Mill founded at Langholm in the east of the county.
Today there is limited tourism along the coast, but most surrounds the world famous Gretna Green, and the hills and valleys of the more rural parts of the county, which are easily accessible from the motorway. The upland moors have proven ideal for Wind Farms, and vast forestry plantations cover the lower slopes. Munitions factories near the border provided a lot of work around the war, but have not left a lasting legacy, although there are still some heavy industries around Dumfries and Lockerbie.
The south west of the county has a good network of A, B and unclassified roads, but the more rural upland areas have fewer roads, following the glens and valleys through the hills. Many of these roads, such as the A708 out of Moffat or the B797 to Wanlockhead are fantastic drives, through magnificent scenery, even if they do cross the county boundary at the watershed! The motorway is the most important route in the county, crossing from north to south as it travels between Glasgow and England. It follows a route which has existed for centuries, and was largely rebuilt by Thomas Telford two centuries ago. The A7 has not enjoyed the same benefits as the main route to Edinburgh.
|A702||Edinburgh||St John's Town of Dalry||83 miles||View|
|A752||Kaimrig End||Moffat||26.5 miles||View|
|A756||Dumfries (E)||Troqueer||1.3 miles||View|
|A780||Summerhill||Solway Gate||3.9 miles||View|
|A781||English Street, Dumfries||New Bridge, Dumfries||0.62 miles||View|
|B7020||Beattock (S)||Cummertrees||22.1 miles||View|
|B713||Kaimrig End||Moffat||26.5 miles||View|
|B726||Nith Bank||Kingholm Quay||1.2 miles||View|
|B730||Thornhill||St John's Town of Dalry||21.1 miles||View|
|B731||Cample Bridge||Thornhill (W)||1.2 miles||View|
|B732||Langmyre Mains||Thornhill||0.6 miles||View|
|Borders Historic Route||Edinburgh||border nr Carlisle||95 miles||View|
|Galloway Tourist Route||Gretna Green||Ayr||96 miles||View|
|Solway Coast Heritage Trail||Annan||Stranraer||180 miles||View|
|South West Coastal 300||Cairnryan||Cairnryan||304 miles||View|