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Location Map ( geo)
Cameraicon.png View gallery (11)
Primary Destinations
Other Important Destinations
Annan • Gretna • Lockerbie • Moffat
Current Highway Authorities
Dumfries & Galloway
Ayrshire • Cumberland • Kirkcudbrightshire • Peeblesshire • Roxburghshire • Selkirkshire
Transport Scotland Roads
A7 • A75 • A76 • A701

Dumfriesshire is a traditional county in the south of Scotland. It is the largest of the three counties now served by Dumfries and Galloway Council and also larger than any of the Border counties. It's county town of Dumfries grew up on the east bank of the River Nith, which is also the county boundary, so nearly half of the modern town lies in neighbouring Kirkcudbrightshire.

Geography & Economy

The B797 climbing to Wanlockhead

Stretching from the vast beaches and sand flats of the Nith Estuary to the hills above Moffat, the county has a diverse landscape. Being closer to the main north south routes means that the county was more prosperous than some of its neighbours, and gained both from passing trade and also direct access to the cities both in Scotland and northern England. With good farmland in the south, a food industry grew into a series of surviving businesses in the area, whilst the woolen industry saw the Edinburgh Woolen Mill founded at Langholm in the east of the county.

Today there is limited tourism along the coast, but most surrounds the world famous Gretna Green, and the hills and valleys of the more rural parts of the county, which are easily accessible from the motorway. The upland moors have proven ideal for Wind Farms, and vast forestry plantations cover the lower slopes. Munitions factories near the border provided a lot of work around the war, but have not left a lasting legacy, although there are still some heavy industries around Dumfries and Lockerbie.


A new section of the A76

The south west of the county has a good network of A, B and unclassified roads, but the more rural upland areas have fewer roads, following the glens and valleys through the hills. Many of these roads, such as the A708 out of Moffat or the B797 to Wanlockhead are fantastic drives, through magnificent scenery, even if they do cross the county boundary at the watershed! The motorway is the most important route in the county, crossing from north to south as it travels between Glasgow and England. It follows a route which has existed for centuries, and was largely rebuilt by Thomas Telford two centuries ago. The A7 has not enjoyed the same benefits as the main route to Edinburgh.

Most non-trunk roads within the traditional county are maintained by Dumfries & Galloway. The trunk roads which are the A7, A75, A76, A701 and Motorway are managed by Transport Scotland.

Route From To Length


A74(M) Abington Gretna 48.5 miles View
A7 Edinburgh Carlisle 94.3 miles View
A75 Gretna Stranraer 95.8 miles View
A76 Kilmarnock Maxwelltown 56.2 miles View
A701 Dumfries Edinburgh 71.6 miles View
A702 Edinburgh St John's Town of Dalry 83 miles View
A708 Moffat Selkirk 33.4 miles View
A709 Dumfries Lockerbie 12.1 miles View
A752 Kaimrig End Moffat 26.5 miles View
A756 Dumfries (E) Troqueer 1.3 miles View
A780 Summerhill Solway Gate 3.9 miles View
A781 English Street, Dumfries New Bridge, Dumfries 0.62 miles View   
B709 Heriot Langholm 57.6 miles View
B713 Kaimrig End Moffat 26.5 miles View
B719 Gardenholm Greenhillstairs 2.9 miles View
B720 Greenrigg Hollows 1.5 miles View
B721 Annan Gretna 9.5 miles View
B722 Annan Fallford 11.4 miles View
B723 Annan Eskdalemuir 23.9 miles View
B724 Collin Annan 12.8 miles View
B724 Dalton Bowhouse 11.7 miles View
B725 Dumfries Waterbeck 29.8 miles View
B726 Nith Bank Kingholm Quay 1.2 miles View
B729 Holywood Carsphairn 28.8 miles View
B730 Thornhill St John's Town of Dalry 21.1 miles View
B731 Cample Bridge Thornhill (W) 1.2 miles View
B732 Langmyre Mains Thornhill 0.6 miles View
B740 Crawick Thirstone 13.7 miles View
B797 Abington Mennock 14.8 miles View
B6318 Heddon-on-the-Wall Langholm 61.4 miles View
B6357 Annan Lintalee 49.5 miles View
B7020 Beattock (S) Cummertrees 22.1 miles View
B7068 Lockerbie Langholm 18.9 miles View
B7076 Gretna Elvanfoot 44.5 miles View
B7201 Woodslee Canonbie 1.8 miles View     
T12 London Inverness View
T26 Carlisle Edinburgh View
T28 Gretna Stirling View
T87 Dumfries Beattock View
T88 Dumfries Kilmarnock View


Primary Route
Non Primary Route
Former Motorway
Defunct Route
E Road
Future Motorway
Future Primary
Future Non Primary
Historical Route
Tourist Route
Roman Road
Unbuilt Motorway
Unbuilt Primary
Unbuilt Non Primary
National Cycle Network
Cycle Route
Eurovelo Cycle Route


Main Article: Junctions in Dumfriesshire

Bridges, Tunnels, and other Crossings

Main Article: Crossings in Dumfriesshire

Annan • Dumfries • Gretna • Lockerbie • Moffat
Related Pictures
View gallery (11)
A76 Mennock WS2+1 merge.jpgA76 Mennock WS2+1 merge sign.jpgOld A76 Mennock - Cattle.jpgA709.jpgPotM B723 Bridge.jpg
Traditional Counties of Britain and Ireland
EnglandBedfordshire • Berkshire • Buckinghamshire • Cambridgeshire • Cheshire • Cornwall • Cumberland • Derbyshire • Devon • Dorset • Durham • Essex • Gloucestershire • Hampshire • Herefordshire • Hertfordshire • Huntingdonshire • Kent • Lancashire • Leicestershire • Lincolnshire • Middlesex • Norfolk • Northamptonshire • Northumberland • Nottinghamshire • Oxfordshire • Rutland • Shropshire • Somerset • Staffordshire • Suffolk • Surrey • Sussex • Warwickshire • Westmorland • Wiltshire • Worcestershire • Yorkshire
WalesAnglesey • Brecknockshire • Caernarfonshire • Cardiganshire • Carmarthenshire • Denbighshire • Flintshire • Glamorgan • Merionethshire • Monmouthshire • Montgomeryshire • Pembrokeshire • Radnorshire
ScotlandAberdeenshire • Angus • Argyll • Ayrshire • Banffshire • Berwickshire • Buteshire • Caithness • Clackmannanshire • Cromartyshire • Dumfriesshire • Dunbartonshire • East Lothian • Fife • Inverness-shire • Kincardineshire • Kinross-shire • Kirkcudbrightshire • Lanarkshire • Midlothian • Moray • Nairnshire • Orkney • Peeblesshire • Perthshire • Renfrewshire • Ross-shire • Roxburghshire • Selkirkshire • Stirlingshire • Sutherland • West Lothian • Wigtownshire • Zetland
IrelandAntrim • Armagh • Carlow • Cavan • Clare • Cork • Donegal • Down • Dublin • Fermanagh • Galway • Kerry • Kildare • Kilkenny • Laois • Leitrim • Limerick • Londonderry • Longford • Louth • Mayo • Meath • Monaghan • Offaly • Roscommon • Sligo • Tipperary • Tyrone • Waterford • Westmeath • Wexford • Wicklow

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