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LTN 1/94

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(as outlined in Appendix C of Local Transport Note 1/94)

LTN 1/94 (or Local Transport Note 1/94) is guidance on the use of information on directional signs. It was written to explain to traffic sign designers the new Guildford rules and changes to Regional and Primary Destinations. In the absence of the long anticipated Traffic Signs Manual Chapter 2, this is the key document for matters relating to what is put on direction signs.

Understanding Guildford Rules

Primary Destinations are the key target destinations that are shown on direction signs along the motorways, principal road network (A Roads) and other roads. These destinations are important key points along a motorway or principal route and are used in combination with local place names that are defined by each local highway authority. Primary destinations will appear above local destinations on direction signs due to a furthest first rule in the design guidance and will generally appear a closest first on route confirmatory signs.

When designing signs, there is a subtle but distinct difference between a panel and a patch. A panel refers to a collection of destinations with road numbers (when applicable), and a patch simply refers to a route number.

In addition to the Primary Destinations, there are a number of Regional Destinations authorised for use by the DfT, these are, The NORTH, The SOUTH, The WEST, The NORTH WEST, The NORTH EAST, The SOUTH WEST, The LAKES, The MIDLANDS, NORTH WALES, SOUTH WALES and SCOTLAND. Regional destinations always appear in the format shown. The NORTH WEST is that part of England to the west of the Pennines, The NORTH is that part of England to the east of the Pennines.

Scottish routes sometimes refer to The NORTH and The SOUTH, with a solitary appearance of 'England' at Gretna on the A74(M), along with 'South West Scotland' signed down the A75 spur.

All places are listed as per LTN 1/94, and refer to the administrative areas of the time when the document was drafted and may not reflect the county or administrative area that the place is located in today.

This document is available from the DfT



Avonmouth, Bath, Bristol, Weston-super-Mare


Bedford, Dunstable, Luton


Bracknell, Maidenhead, Newbury, Reading, Slough


Amersham, Aylesbury, Beaconsfield, High Wycombe, Milton Keynes


Cambridge, Ely, Huntingdon, March, Peterborough, Wisbech


Chester, Congleton, Macclesfield, Nantwich, Northwich, Runcorn, Warrington, Widnes


Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Stockton, Teesside


Bodmin, Bude, Falmouth, Helston, Liskeard, Launceston, Penzance, Redruth, St Austell, Truro, Wadebridge


Barrow, Brough, Carlisle, Kendal, Keswick, Kirkby Lonsdale, Penrith, Whitehaven, Windermere, Workington


Ashbourne, Buxton, Chesterfield, Derby, Matlock


Barnstaple, Bideford, Exeter, Exmouth, Honiton, Okehampton, Paignton, Plymouth, Tavistock, Torquay


Blandford, Bournemouth, Dorchester, Poole, Wimborne, Weymouth


Bishop Auckland, Consett, Darlington, Durham

East Sussex

Brighton, Eastbourne, Hastings, Lewes, Newhaven


Basildon, Chelmsford, Clacton, Colchester, Dartford Crossing, Harlow, Harwich, Southend, Stansted Airport, Tilbury


Cheltenham, Cirencester, Gloucester, Stroud

Greater London

Heathrow Airport, London, Barking, Bexleyheath, Brent Cross, Brixton, Bromley, Central London, The City, Clapham Junction, Croydon, Dalston, Docklands, Ealing, Enfield, Hammersmith, Harrow, Greater London, Holloway, Hounslow, IIford, Kilburn, Kingston, Lewisham, Peckham, Richmond, Romford, Stratford, Sutton, Uxbridge, Walthamstow, Wembley, West End, Westminster, Wimbledon, Wood Green, Woolwich

NOTE: Primary destinations in Greater London]], [[other than Heathrow Airport and London. will generally only be signed within the M25 Motorway

Greater Manchester

Ashton-under-Lyne, Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Stretford, Wigan


Alton, Andover, Basingstoke, Fareham, Petersfield, Portsmouth, Ringwood, Southampton, Winchester

Hereford and Worcester

Bromsgrove, Evesham, Hereford, Kidderminster, Leominster, Redditch, Ross-on-Wye, Worcester


Hatfield, Hemel Hempstead, Hertford, St Albans, Stevenage, Watford


Bridlington, Goole, Grimsby, Hull, Humber Bridge, Immingham, Scunthorpe


Ashford, Canterbury, Channel Tunnel, Dartford Crossing, Dover, Folkestone, Maidstone, Margate, Ramsgate, Sevenoaks, Sheerness, Swanley


Blackburn, Blackpool, Burnley, Clitheroe, Fleetwood, Lancaster, Morecambe, Preston, Skelmersdale


Hinckley, Leicester, Loughborough, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oakham


Boston, Gainsborough, Grantham, Lincoln, Skegness, Sleaford, Spalding, Stamford


Birkenhead, Bootle, Liverpool, St Helens, Southport, Wallasey


Cromer, Diss, Downham Market, Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn, Norwich, Swaffham, Thetford


Corby, Kettering, Northampton


Alnwick, Ashington, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Corbridge, Hexham, Morpeth

North Yorkshire

Harrogate, Ripon, Scarborough, Scotch Corner, Selby, Skipton, Thirsk, Whitby, York


Mansfield, Newark, Nottingham, Worksop


Banbury, Oxford


Bridgnorth, Oswestry, Shrewsbury, Telford, Whitchurch


Bridgwater, Frome, Glastonbury, Taunton, Wells, Yeovil

South Yorkshire

Barnsley, Bawtry, Doncaster, Rotherham, Sheffield


Burton upon Trent, Cannock, Leek, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Rugeley, Stafford, Stoke-on-Trent, Stone, Tamworth, Uttoxeter


Beccles, Bury St Edmunds, Felixstowe, Ipswich, Lowestoft, Newmarket, Sudbury


Dorking, Esher, Farnham, Guildford, Redhill, Reigate, Staines

Tyne and Wear

Gateshead, Newcastle, South Shields, Sunderland, Tynemouth, Tyne Tunnel


Leamington Spa, Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwick

West Midlands

Birmingham, Brownhills, Coventry, Dudley, Solihull, Stourbridge, Walsall, West Bromwich, Wolverhampton

West Sussex

Bognor Regis, Chichester, Crawley, East Grinstead, Gatwick Airport, Horsham, Midhurst, Worthing

West Yorkshire

Bradford, Brighouse, Dewsbury, Halifax, Huddersfield, Leeds, Pontefract, Wakefield, Wetherby


Chippenham, Marlborough, Salisbury, Swindon, Trowbridge, Warminster


Aberdeen, Arbroath, Ayr, Braemar, Campbeltown, Coldstream, Crianlarich, Dumfries, Dundee, East Kilbride, Edinburgh, Elgin, Erskine Bridge, Forfar, Forth Road Bridge, Fort William, Fraserburgh, Galashiels, Glasgow, Greenock, Hawick, Inverness, Irvine, Jedburgh, Kilmarnock, Kincardine Bridge, Kirkcaldy, Kyle of Lochalsh, Mallaig, Montrose, Newtonmore, Oban, Paisley, Peebles, Perth, Peterhead, St Andrews, Stirling, Stranraer, Tay Bridge, Thurso, Ullapool, Wick



Llangollen, Mold / Yr Wyddgrug, Queensferry, Ruthin / Rhuthun, Wrexham / Wrecsam


Aberystwyth, Cardigan / Aberteifi, Carmarthen / Caerfyrddin, Fishguard / Abergwaun, Haverfordwest / Hwlffordd, Llandeilo, Llandovery / Llanymddyfri, Llanelli, Milford Haven / Aberdaugleddau, Pembroke Dock / Doc Penfro, St Clears / Sanclêr, Tenby / Dinbych-y-pysgod


Abergavenny / Y Fenni, Chepstow / Cas-gwent, Cwmbrân, Monmouth / Trefynwy, Newport / Casnewydd


Bala, Bangor, Betws-y-coed, Caernarfon, Conwy, Dolgellau, Holyhead / Caergybi, Llandudno, Porthmadog

Mid Glamorgan / Morgannwg Ganol

Bridgend / Pen-y-bont, Merthyr Tydfil


Brecon / Aberhonddu, Builth Wells / Llanfair-ym-Muallt, Llandrindod Wells / Llandrindod, Llangurig, Machynlleth, Newtown / Y Drenewydd, Rhayader / Rhaeadr, [[Welshpool / Y Trallwng

South Glamorgan / De Morgannwg

Cardiff / Caerdydd

West Glamorgan / Gorllewin Morgannwg

Neath / Castell-nedd, Port Talbot, Swansea / Abertawe

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