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List of British and Irish Tramway Systems

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A huge number of tramway systems have been operated in Britain and Ireland during the course of the last 200 years. Most are listed below, although this list is probably incomplete and some data may also be incorrect – please update.

Where practicable, competing systems within a single urban area have been grouped together, so that opening and closing dates refer to the first and last years of passenger operation (breaks in service of less than two years have been overlooked). Similarly, the mileage figures refer to either the total mileage of all systems in one area (even if they were not all in operation simultaneously) or to maximum extent.

Location Opened Closed Motive power Miles Gauge Notes
Aberdare 1913 1935 Electric 5.8 1067 mm
Aberdeen 1874 1958 Horse, Electric 21
Accrington 1886 1932 Steam, Electric 7 1219 mm
Airdrie & Coatbridge 1904 1922 Electric 3.6
Alford & Sutton 1884 1889 Steam 8
Ayr 1901 1931 Electric 6.4
Barking 1903 1929 Electric 2.8
Barmouth Junction & Arthog 1899 1903 Horse 2 914 mm
Barnsley 1902 1930 Electric
Barrow-in-Furness 1885 1932 Steam, Electric 6.4
Bath 1880 1939 Horse, Electric
Belfast 1872 1954 Horse, Electric 51
Bessbrook & Newry 1885 1948 Electric 3 914 mm
Birkenhead 1901 1937 Electric 79
Birmingham 1872 1953 Horse, Steam, Electric 81
Blackburn 1887 1949 Horse, Steam, Electric 15 1435 mm
Blackburn and Over Darwen 1881 1898 Steam 4.9
Blackpool & Fleetwood 1898 1920 Electric 8.2
Blackpool 1885 Electric 11 Current length (some lines were closed in the 1960s)
Bolton 1899 1947 Electric 32
Bournemouth 1902 1936 Electric 16
Bradford 1882 1950 Horse, Steam, Electric 1219 mm Gauge-changing cars were used on the through service to Leeds
Brighton 1901 1939 Electric 9.5
Brighton & Shoreham 1884 1913 Steam, Horse 4.5
Brill 1871 1935 Horse, Steam 6
Bristol 1875 1941 Horse, Electric
Burnley 1901 1935 Electric 13 1219 mm
Burton-upon-Trent 1903 1929 Electric 18.6
Bury 1903 1949 Electric 14
Camborne & Redruth 1902 1934 Electric 3.7
Cambridge 1880 1914 Horse 2.7
Cardiff 1872 1950 Horse, Electric 20 1435 mm
Carlisle 1900 1931 Electric 5.7
Carstairs House 1888 1895 Electric 1 Private line
Castlederg and Victoria Bridge 1883 1933 Steam, Railmotor 7.3 914 mm Light railway
Castleford and district 1906 1932 Electric 25 1435 mm Yorkshire (West Riding) Electric Tramways
Chatham 1902 1930 Electric 15
Cheltenham 1901 1930 Electric 10.4
Chester 1878 1930 Horse, Electric 3.6 1067 mm
Chesterfield 1882 1927 Horse, Electric 3.6
City of Derry 1897 1919 Horse 1.5
Clogher Valley 1887 1942 Steam, Railmotor 37 914 mm Light railway
Colchester 1904 1929 Electric 5.8
Colne & Trawden 1903 1934 Electric 7
Cork 1872 1875 Horse
Cork 1898 1931 Electric 9.9 900 mm
Coventry 1884 1940 Steam, Electric 13
Croydon 1900 1933 Electric 12
Croydon Tramlink 2000 Electric 17
Cruden Bay 1899 1932 Electric 0.3 1067 mm Connected Cruden Bay Hotel to the railway station
Darlington 1862 1865 Horse
Darlington 1904 1926 Steam, Electric 4.9
Darwen 1899 1946 Electric 4.4 1219 mm
Dearne District 1924 1933 Electric
Derby 1880 1934 Horse, Electric
Dewsbury 1903 1934 Electric 23 1435 mm Yorkshire (Woollen District) Electric Tramways
Doncaster 1902 1935 Electric
Douglas Bay 1876 Horse 1.6
Douglas Southern 1896 1939 Electric 4.5 1435 mm
Dover 1897 1936 Electric
Dublin 1872 1959 Horse, Steam, Electric 60 1600 mm
Dublin Luas 2004 Electric 26
Dudley & Stourbridge 1884 1930 Steam, Electric 21
Dumbarton 1907 1928 Electric 13
Dundee 1877 1956 Horse, Steam, Electric 20
Dunfermline 1909 1937 Electric 18 1067 mm
East Ham 1901 1933 Electric 8.3
Edinburgh 1871 1956 Horse, Electric 47
Edinburgh 2014 Electric 8.7
Erith 1905 1933 Electric 4.7
Exeter 1882 1931 Horse, Electric 5 1067 mm
Falkirk 1905 1936 Electric 7.8
Folkestone, Hythe & Sandgate 1891 1921 Horse 3.4
Galway 1879 1918 Horse 2.1
Gateshead 1883 1951 Steam, Electric 12.5
Giant's Causeway 1883 1949 Electric 9.3 914 mm Final two miles re-opened as the Giant's Causeway and Bushmills Railway in 2002
Glasgow 1872 1962 Horse, Electric 141 Several systems were merged together over the years
Glenanne & Loughgilly 1897 1919 Horse 3
Gloucester 1879 1933 Horse, Electric 9.8
Glyn Valley 1873 1935 Horse, Steam 6.5 724 mm
Gravesend & Northfleet 1883 1929 Horse, Electric 6.5
Great Yarmouth 1905 1933 Electric 10
Greenock & Port Glasgow 1901 1929 Electric
Grimsby and Cleethorpes 1881 1937 Horse, Electric 8.2 1435 mm
Grimsby and Immingham 1912 1961 Electric 7 1435 mm
Guernsey 1879 1934 Steam, Electric 3
Halifax 1898 1939 Electric 39
Harlech 1878 1886 Horse 0.3
Hartlepool 1884 1891 Steam
Hartlepool 1899 1927 Electric 7 1067 mm
Hastings 1905 1929 Electric 20
Heaton Park (Manchester) 1903 1934 Electric
Heaton Park (Manchester) 1980 Electric
Huddersfield 1883 1940 Horse, Steam, Electric 39
Hull 1872 1945 Horse, Electric 20 1435 mm
Ilford 1903 1933 Electric 6.7
Ilkeston 1903 1931 Electric 4.3
Inchture 1849 1916 Horse 1.5 1435 mm
Ipswich 1880 1926 Horse, Electric 10.8
Isle of Man 1893 Electric 17
Isle of Thanet 1901 1937 Electric 10.8 1067 mm
Jarrow 1906 1929 Electric 2.5
Keighley 1889 1924 Horse, Electric 3.4
Kidderminster & Stourport 1898 1929 Electric 4.6
Kilmarnock 1904 1926 Electric 4.2
Kinver, Staffordshire 1901 1930 Electric 4.2 1067 mm Light railway
Kirkcaldy 1903 1931 Electric 6.1
Lanarkshire 1903 1931 Electric 28
Lancaster 1903 1930 Electric 3
Leamington & Warwick 1881 1930 Horse, Electric 3
Leeds 1871 1959 Horse, Steam, Electric 1435 mm Gauge-changing cars were used on the through service to Bradford
Leicester 1901 1949 Electric 23
Leyton 1905 1933 Electric 9.5
Lincoln 1882 1929 Horse, Electric 1.8
Liverpool 1869 1957 Horse, Electric 90
Llandudno & Colwyn Bay 1907 1956 Electric 8 1067 mm
Llandudno - Great Orme 1902 Cable 0.9 1067 mm
Llanelli 1882 1933 Horse, Electric 6.2 1435 mm 914 mm until 1908
London 1894 1933 Horse, Electric 142 Several different networks which were merged together. Some London boroughs had their own systems: see elsewhere in list.
Lowestoft 1903 1931 Electric 4.1
Luton 1908 1932 Electric 5.3
Lytham St Annes 1903 1937 Electric 10.3
Maidstone 1904 1930 Electric 5.3 1067 mm
Manchester 1901 1949 Electric 292
Mansfield 1905 1932 Electric 12
Matlock 1893 1927 Cable 0.8
Merthyr Tydfil 1901 1939 Electric 3 1067 mm
Mexborough & Swinton 1907 1929 Electric
Middlesbrough 1875 1934 Horse, Electric 5.5
Midland Metro (Birmingham and Wolverhampton) 1999 Electric 13
Morecambe 1887 1924 Horse, Petrol 3.6
Neath 1875 1920 Horse, Gas 4 1435 mm
Nelson 1903 1934 Electric 2.7
Newcastle Upon Tyne 1901 1950 Electric 51
Newport 1894 1937 Horse, Electric 8.6 1067 mm
Northampton 1881 1934 Horse, Electric 8
Norwich 1900 1935 Electric 15
Nottingham 1878 1936 Horse, Electric 37
Nottingham Express Transit 2004 Electric 20
Oxford 1884 1914 Horse 1219 mm
Paisley 1885 1924 Horse, Electric 19
Perth 1895 1929 Horse, Electric 5
Peterborough 1903 1930 Electric 5.3
Plymouth 1872 1945 Horse, Electric 17.6
Pontypridd and Rhondda Valley 1888 1931 Horse, Electric 5.4 1067 mm
Poole 1901 1905 Electric 3.8
Portsdown & Horndean 1903 1935 Electric 5
Portsmouth 1865 1936 Horse, Electric 1416 mm
Portstewart 1882 1926 Steam 1.9
Potteries (Stoke-on-Trent) 1899 1928 Electric 32
Preston 1886 1934 Horse, Electric 10.5
Pwllheli Corporation 1899 1919 Horse 0.5 762 mm
Pwllheli & Llanbedrog 1894 1927 Horse 3.9 914 mm
Rawtenstall 1908 1932 Electric 11.8
Reading 1879 1939 Horse, Electric 7.5
Rhondda 1888 1934 Horse, Electric 21 1067 mm
Rochdale 1902 1932 Electric 29
Rotherham 1903 1949 Electric 12
Rothesay & Ettrick Bay 1902 1936 Electric 4.9
Ryde Pier Tramway 1864 1969 Electric, Petrol 0.4 1435 mm
Scarborough 1904 1931 Electric 4.6
Seaton 1971 Electric 3
Sheerness 1903 1917 Electric 2.5
Sheffield 1873 1960 Horse, Electric 48
Sheffield Supertram 1994 Electric 18 1435 mm
Snaefell Mountain (Isle of Man) 1895 Electric 5
South Lancashire 1902 1933 Electric 39
South Shields 1883 1946 Horse, Electric 7.5 1435 mm 1067 mm until 1906
Southampton 1879 1949 Horse, Electric 14
Southend-on-Sea 1901 1942 Electric 9.2
Southport 1900 1934 Electric 17
St Helens 1897 1936 Electric 22
Stalybridge and district 1904 1945 Electric 27 1435 mm Stalybridge, Hyde, Mossley & Dukinfield Tramways & Electricity Board
Stirling & Bridge of Allan 1874 1920 Horse, Petrol 4.4
Stockton-on-Tees 1881 1896 Steam 6.3
Sunderland 1879 1951 Horse, Electric 12.2
Sunderland District 1905 1925 Electric 14.3
Swansea 1878 1937 Horse, Steam, Electric 13.4 1435 mm
Swansea and Mumbles 1807 1960 Horse, Steam, Electric 5.5 1435 mm 1219 mm until 1855. The world's first public passenger rail service.
Swindon 1904 1929 Electric 3.7
Taunton 1901 1921 Electric 1.7
Torquay 1907 1934 Electric 9.1 1067 mm
Tynemouth 1883 1931 Horse, Steam, Electric 4.2 1067 mm 914 mm until 1900
Tyneside 1902 1930 Electric 11
Upper Douglas Cable 1896 1929 Cable
Wakefield 1904 1932 Electric 16 1435 mm Taken over by Yorkshire (West Riding) Electric Tramways in 1905
Wallasey 1902 1933 Electric 12
Walsall 1904 1933 Electric 14
Walthamstow 1905 1933 Electric 9.1
Wantage 1875 1925 Steam 2.5
Warrenpoint and Rostrevor 1877 1915 Horse 3.3 914 mm
Warrington 1902 1935 Electric 6.8
Wednesbury 1883 1924 Electric, Steam 23 1067 mm South Staffordshire Tramways
Wemyss (Fife) 1906 1932 Electric 7.5
West Ham 1903 1933 Electric 17
Weston-super-Mare 1902 1937 Electric 2.9
Wigan 1901 1931 Electric 25
Wisbech and Upwell 1883 1927 Steam 5.9 1435 mm Light railway
Wolverhampton 1878 1928 Horse, Steam, Electric 29
Wolverton & Stony Stratford (Milton Keynes) 1887 1926 Steam 4.5
Worcester 1881 1928 Horse, Electric 5.9
Wrexham 1876 1927 Horse, Electric 6.2 1067 mm
York 1881 1935 Horse, Electric 8.5




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