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Temple Mills

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Temple Mills
Location Map ( geo)
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Location
Leyton
County
Essex
Junction Type
Various
Roads Joined
A12, M11

Temple Mills was a planned junction on the A12 Eastern Avenue Extension towards Central London. It was the original planned terminus for the Lea Valley route of the M11 and depending on the curvature of the route southwards the M11 would have continued to Stratford. Some plans show a junction serving the later M11 Roding Valley Route between Hackney Wick and Woodford Interchange. It shouldn't be confused with Lea Interchange which is where the A12 junction was eventually built in the 1990s.

History

Early plans

Initial planned layout from 1960. Eastbound entry slip is beneath the flyover

Plans for the Eastern Avenue Extension began in earnest during the 1950s. At the same time the Lea Valley Route, later M11, was also being planned so the junction would connect the two roads. From the outset the junction at Temple Mills was to be grade separated favouring the A12. The line of the A12 was fixed in 1960 and Orders were made in 1962. Nothing was built however.

M11 Lea Valley Route

Three level stacked roundabout
Full freeflow layout

By the early 1960s the Lea Valley Route was being planned as a full motorway. Two options were proposed: a modified three level stacked roundabout and a full freeflow interchange. These proposals lasted a few years until the Roding Valley Route for the M11 was confirmed in November 1964. The Lea Valley Route was protected for a few years afterwards as a potential local road but the idea of building a road along the River Lea quietly died off.

Ringway era

Following the abandonment of the Lea Valley Route the junction layout returned to its original two level roundabout design. Things become hazy because some plans show a junction at the western end of Ruckholt Road at Lea Interchange instead of Temple Mills where the route takes a more southerly line compared to the earlier proposals. For the purposes of this article we will concentrate on the Temple Mills junction which was proposed as part of the M11 extension between Woodford and Hackney Wick. The junction itself was planned to be part of the M11 temporarily until the full scheme moved the M11 to a new alignment running parallel to the south. The former M11 would revert to an all-purpose road, almost certainly numbered A12. Like all the earlier proposals, these also bit the dust.

Later developments

Ever since the East Cross Route opened traffic had to use existing surface roads between Hackney Wick and the A406/M11. This state of affairs persisted for nearly 30 years when the Eastern Avenue Extension finally opened some 40 years after those initial plans were made. However the A12 at Temple Mills was built along the intended southern M11 alignment so the junction at Lea Interchange was built instead.

By an amazing stoke of luck a grade separated junction now exists at the site of the original proposals. Marshall Road and a short section of Orient Way follow the line of the Lea Valley Route and this passes below Ruckholt Road. It can hardly be considered in the same context as all the above plans though.

Routes

Route To Notes

M11

Cambridge, Harlow, Walthamstow

M11

Stratford, Docks motorway only if railway alignment chosen, otherwise 'A' road

A12

Central London, Blackwall Tunnel

A12

Chelmsford, Romford
Leyton depending on layout





Temple Mills
Related Pictures
View gallery (8)
A12 eastbound slip road Temple Mills with signage Coppermine.JPGA12 just west of Gants Hill - Coppermine - 4257.JPGA12 Hackney Wick to M11 Link (Temple Mills) - Coppermine - 5167.jpgA12 Hackney Wick to M11 Link (Temple Mills) - Coppermine - 2382.JPGA12 Hackney Wick to M11 Link (Temple Mills) - Coppermine - 2381.JPG
Other nearby junctions
Stratford, London
Junctions on the M11 and associated routes
M11Angel • Hackney Wick • Leyton • Redbridge • 4 Woodford • 5 Loughton • 6 Theydon Bois • 7 Hastingswood • 7A Junction 7A • 7a Sheering • 8 Birchanger Green • 8b Junction 8B • 9 Junction 9 • 10 Duxford • 11 Westfield • 12 Haggis Farm • 13 Junction 13 • 14 Girton
A11Bank • Aldgate • Bow • Green Man • Gates Corner • Epping • Maple Cross • Hockerill Cross • Collins Cross • 9 M11 Junction 9 • 9a Stump Cross • Pampisford • Fourwentways • Charterhouse • A14 J36 Nine Mile Hill • A14 J37 Exning • A14 J38 Waterhall • Red Lodge • Fiveways • Brandon Road Roundabout • Mundford Road Roundabout • Croxton Road • Larling • Snetterton • Stone Cross • Ellingham Road • Besthorpe • Spooner Row • Browick • Tuttles Lane • Thickthorn • Round House
A120Horse Cross • Wayte Cross • Hockerill Cross • 8 Birchanger Green • 8a Priory Wood • Bassingbourn • Dunmow West • Dunmow South • Blake End • Panners/Great Notley • King William • Millennium Way Jct. • Galley's Corner • Marks Farm • A12 J25 Marks Tey • A12 J26 Eight Ash Green • A12 J27 Spring Lane • A12 J28 Severalls • A12 J29 Ardleigh Crown • Hare Green • Pellen's Corner • Horsley Cross • Ramsey Junction • Parkeston Roundabout • St Nicholas Roundabout • Pattricks Junction • Bathside Junction
A11(M)Stratford Broadway • Temple Mills • Lea Bridge • ? • Cooks Ferry • Lea Valley • ? • Nazeing • Pinnacles • Eastwick
Junctions on the A12, A102 and A127
A102Sun in the Sands • Woolwich Road • Blackwall Lane • South Bromley
A12South Bromley • Bow • Hackney Wick • Lea • Green Man • Redbridge • Gants Hill • Little Heath • Moby Dick • Gallows Corner • 11 Brook Street • 12 Marylands • 13 Trueloves • 14 Furze Hill • 15 Webbs Farm • 16 Howe Green • 17 Stock Road • 18 Sandon • 19 Boreham • 20A Hatfield Peverel South • 20B Hatfield Peverel North • 21 Lynfield Motors • 22 Colemans • 23 Kelvedon South • 24 Kelvedon North • 25 Marks Tey • 26 Eight Ash Green • 27 Spring Lane • 28 Severalls • 29 Ardleigh Crown • 30 Stratford St Mary • Hughes Corner • 31 Four Sisters • 32A Capel St Mary South • 32B Bentley Longwood • 33 Copdock • Barrack Corner • A14 (56) Wherstead • A14 (57) Nacton • A14 (58) Seven Hills • Station Square • Gordon Road Roundabout • St Peters Street Roundabout • Jubilee Way Roundabout • Tesco Roundabout • Rackhams Corner • Station Road Roundabout • Links Road Roundabout • Middleton Road Roundabout • Victoria Road Roundabout • Beccles Road Junction • Harfreys Roundabout • Pasteur Road Roundabout • Vauxhall Roundabout
A127Gallows Corner • Cranham • Warley • Halfway House • Dunton • Fortune of War • Upper Mayne • Nevendon • Fairglen • Rayleigh Weir • Kent Elms • Tesco Roundabout • Cuckoo Corner • Victoria Circus