Forth Road Bridge

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Forth Road Bridge
Drochaid Fhorthe
Forth-br.jpg
Cameraicon.png View gallery (80)
From:  Queensferry
To:  North Queensferry
County
West Lothian • Fife
Highway Authority
Transport Scotland
Opening Date
1964
Toll
Free. Toll abolished 2008
Additional Information
List No:  LB47778  (Cat A)
Bridge Type:  Suspension Bridge
On road(s)
A9000

The Forth Road Bridge (not to be confused with the much older Forth Bridge, a railway bridge) is a suspension bridge carrying road traffic on the A90 over the Firth of Forth. It was opened by the Queen in September 1964 and was a toll bridge until this was abolished by the Scottish Executive in 2008. It is a vitally important link between Edinburgh and Fife for both commercial and commuter traffic. Following concerns about the bridge's longevity and the need for increasingly disruptive maintenance the Forth Replacement Crossing project built a replacement bridge along with new approach roads. The existing Forth Road Bridge has been retained for use by buses, taxis, cyclists and pedestrians.

Though not a motorway, it opened simultaneously with the first motorways in Scotland - a short section of the M90, which formed part of the northern approach to the bridge, and its short spur the A823(M).

History

Plans for a crossing had been around since the 1920s. J Inglis Ker had advanced a proposal in 1924 for a road bridge between North and South Queensferry with an estimated cost of £3.5m. Proponents pointed to projects such as the 1595 feet (486 m) Brooklyn Bridge in the USA, and noted the benefits for Scottish steel and other industries.

The Joint Committee of Inquiry on the Forth River Crossings reported in 1933 after 3 years of deliberation, recommending either a new bridge or substantial improvements to the ferry. It suggested a bridge at a location similar to the current one, from either Port Edgar or South Queensferry to North Queensferry. It estimated a cost of £6m, of which £4m would be paid for by the reduction in unemployment benefits to workers contracted on the bridge. A toll of 1 shilling was suggested, with an expected 6000-8000 vehicles per day.

In 1935 a civil engineer called Leitch suggested a suspension bridge with two 2400 ft spans centred on Inchgarvie, just to the east of the rail bridge. In 1936 the Transport Ministry rejected proposals for a bridge at Queensferry; the Scotsman newspaper included detailed discussions, reporting an expected traffic flows of 2000 vehicles a day and a planned toll of 3 shillings per crossing. Meanwhile, the Kincardine Bridge was built further upriver, opening in 1936.

Routes

Despite having been replaced by the Queensferry Crossing for the majority of traffic, the Forth Road Bridge remains the Primary Destination at present.

Route To Notes

M90

Dunfermline, Perth

M90

Glasgow, Stirling, Edinburgh, Airport Spur to M9 J1a. Replaced the highly congested A8000.

A823(M)

Dunfermline (A823)

A90

Edinburgh

A92

Kirkcaldy, Tay Bridge, Dundee

A985

Rosyth Ferry terminal to Zeebrugge

A9000

M90(N), Inverkeithing, Rosyth Restricted traffic

A9000

M90(S), South Queensferry, Edinburgh Restricted Traffic

A904

Queensferry, Bo'Ness

A921

Inverkeithing

M9

Glasgow, Airport Spur to M9 J1a. Replaced the highly congested A8000.

A8000

Glasgow (M8), (M9), Airport

Links

Legislation




Forth Road Bridge
JunctionsAdmiralty Junction • Echline Junction • Ferrytoll Junction • Queensferry Junction • Scotstoun Junction
RoadsA8000 • A823(M) • A90 • A9000 • A904 • A92 • A921 • A985 • B800 • B907 • B924 • B980 • B981 • E15 • E32 (Old System) • EuroVelo 12 • Fife Coastal Tourist Route • Forth Valley Tourist Route • M9 • M90 • NCN1 • T93 (Britain)
Related Pictures
View gallery (80)
A90 - Forth Bridge - Coppermine - 7882.jpgA90 Forth Road Bridge VMS - Coppermine - 16738.jpgForth Road Bridge, Closed to All TrafficForth Road Bridge 4View from Castlandhill (C) Paul McIlroy - Geograph - 521594.jpg
Crossings of the River Forth & Teith
River ForthBridge of Frew • Gargunnock Bridge • Drip Bridge • M9 Bridge • Stirling Bridges • A91 Bridge • Clackmannanshire Bridge • Kincardine Bridge • Queensferry Crossing • Forth Road Bridge
River TeithKilmahog Bridge • Callander Bridge • Doune Bridge