This article is about the original A3052 in Wiltshire.
For the current A3052 in Devon and Dorset, see A3052
(former A3052) passing through Winterbourne Earls
The number A3052 was originally allocated on 1 April 1924, when the B3085 between Salisbury and Cholderton was upgraded to Class I status.
Starting on the A30 at St Thomas's Bridge the road headed upstream along the valley of the River Bourne, passing several villages called Winterbourne. The road continued to meander upstream before climbing out of the valley at Allington, after which it became straighter, albeit with sharper bends. The road zigzagged through Cholderton before running along the Wiltshire/Hampshire county boundary for a short distance and ending on the A344 (now A303) at Parkhouse Corner, with the road ahead the A346
In 1935, the road, together with the A346 to the north, became part of a rerouted A338, which it remains.