Coventry

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Coventry
Location Map ( geo)
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County
Warwickshire
Highway Authority
Coventry
Forward Destination on
M6, M69, A45, A46, A423, A428, A429, A444, A4114, A4540, A4600
Next Primary Destinations
Banbury • Birmingham • Leicester • Northampton • Nuneaton • Rugby • Warwick
Places related to the M6
Abington • Birmingham • Carlisle • Gretna • Lancaster • Penrith • Preston • Rugby • Stafford • Stoke-on-Trent • Walsall • Wigan • Wolverhampton
Places related to the A45
Birmingham • Daventry • Ipswich • National Exhibition Centre • Northampton • Rugby • Solihull • St Neots • Wellingborough
Places related to the A46
Bath • Cheltenham • Cleethorpes • Evesham • Leicester • Lincoln • Newark-on-Trent • Stratford-upon-Avon • Stroud • Tewkesbury • Warwick
Places related to the A423
Banbury • Henley-on-Thames • Maidenhead • Oxford • Southam • Wallingford
Places related to the A428
Bedford • Cambridge • DIRFT • Northampton • Rugby • St Neots
This article is about the city.
For the Highway Authority based around the city, see Coventry Council
.

Coventry is a city located in the historic county of Warwickshire. Coventry Cathedral is one of the newest in the world, the original cathedral having been destroyed in the Second World War.

The city has an infamous ring road, where all but one of the junctions are grade-separated and spaced closely together. It was also one of the first cities to receive a bypass in the 1930s, which is now showing its age, particularly where the A45 meets the A429.

History

Coventry as it was in 1946
Perhaps the earliest significant road improvement is Holyhead Road built as part of Thomas Telford's route between London and Dublin. This provides a more direct route between the city centre and Allesley than the former road, Allesley Old Road.

The first major road built in Coventry since the birth of the motor car is the A45 bypass in the 1930s. Each section ends in the word Highway, a naming convention identical to a planned bypass around the east of the city. This would have started at Whitley and run northwards to Longford. Only the central section, Hipswell Highway, Sewall Highway and Proffitt Avenue, was initially built. The southern section opened several decades later as Allard Way. The section north of B4082 Old Church Road was never built.

Finally, there was yet another bypass planned at the time although only one segment conforms to the Highway naming convention. This one runs around the northwest of the city and follows the line of Norman Place Road-Wallace Road-Bruce Road-Beake Avenue-Parkville highway-Nunts Lane-Wheelwright Lane. The ultimate aim was to start where the A4114/B4076/B4106 roundabout now is in Allesley and end up in Exhall. There is one small piece of evidence still visible on the ground showing where the extension to Allesley would have gone. This is a strip of land between houses at the junction of Normal Place Road and Hollyfast Road.

Given that these latter two roads would have been suburban single carriageways lined with houses for much of their length one can wonder how they would have coped with rising traffic levels in the following decades.

1970s proposals
During the second half of the 20th century the plans become more complex. Out with the suburban streets masquerading as bypasses and in with urban motorways. The two most significant roads are the North-South Motorway and the East-West Motorway. Whilst the line of these roads makes them more of throughpasses compared to the earlier plans they offer much more capacity than the war-time schemes could have offered. To complement these two motorways there would have been a network of other new roads, all dual carriageway, to keep the city moving. These 1960s proposals were refined in the following decade by improving some of the junction layouts. It is these proposals from 1973-1974 which are shown here. It should be noted the word motorway was omitted from the north-south and east-west routes by this time but the standard of these roads remained the same.

By this time it became clear the entire highway plan wouldn't be complete for another 30 to 40 years due to the amount of funding central government would provide. On the plus side the inner ring road was built exactly as planned in its entirety and with the grade separation intact. The other parts of the plan to be completed were the southern end of the North-South Road and one carriageway of the A4082 Allard Way. The next section in the pipeline was the North-South Road between M6 J3 and Holbrooks along with the Holbrook spur. This was not built and the remainder of the road schemes were scrapped in 1981 apart from the link between Junction 3 of the inner ring road and Gosford Green Island which was heavily watered down from the original proposals.

Since then there has been progress. The North-South Road north of Gosford Green Island was completed in the 1990s although to a much lower standard. The eastern bypass was built around the same time. Coundon Wedge Drive was also a 1990s creation although only a single carriageway instead of the dualled 1970s proposals. More recently Tollbar End has been grade separated although it favours the A46 instead of the A45. The other two roundabouts on the eastern bypass are also due to receive similar treatment over the coming decade.

Routes

Route To Notes

M6

(M1) London
(A14) Rugby

M6

The NORTH WEST, Birmingham

M69

The NORTH (M1)
Hinckley, Leicester
Hinckley is accessed via A5

A45

London (M45, M1 (S))
Northampton (M45)
Rugby (A4071)
M1 is accessed via M45

A45

Birmingham, M42 (M6) Accessed by A4114

A46

Warwick, M40, Banbury, The SOUTH Banbury is accessed via M40

A423

Southam Accessed via A45

A444

Nuneaton

A4053

Coventry Ring Road

A4114

Allesley

A4600

Walsgrave on Sowe, M6

A428

Rugby

A429

Kenilworth

A4082

B4065

Ansty

B4082

Walsgrave

B4098

Keresley, Radford

B4101

Balsall

B4106

Allesley

B4107

B4109

Bulkington

B4110

B4113

Stoneleigh

B4113

Bedworth

B4115

Howes Lane

B4119

B4544

A4170

Keresley now part of B4098




Coventry
ProjectsTollbar End
JunctionsA4053 J1 • A4053 J2 • A4053 J3 • A4053 J4 • A4053 J5 • A4053 J6 • A4053 J7 • A4053 J8 • A4053 J9 • Ansty Interchange • Bishopsgate Green Interchange • Exhall Interchange • Gosford Green Island • Hearsall Common Interchange • Radford Interchange • Rowleys Green • Sherbourne Valley Interchange • Stivichall Interchange • Stoke Heath Interchange • Stonebridge Interchange • Stoneleigh Junction • TGI Island • Tile Hill Gyratory • Tollbar End • Whitley Island
ServicesCorley services
RoadsA4023 • A4053 • A4082 • A4114 • A4170 • A423 • A427 • A4273 • A428 • A429 • A444 • A445 • A45 • A46 • A4600 • B4027 (Warwickshire) • B4076 • B4082 (Coventry) • B4098 • B4101 • B4105 (Coventry) • B4106 • B4107 • B4107 (Coventry city centre) • B4108 • B4109 • B4110 • B4111 (Coventry - Kilworth) • B4113 • B4115 • B4118 (Coventry) • B4428 • B4454 (Coventry) • B4481 • B4544 • Coventry East-West Motorway • Coventry North-South Motorway • Droitwich - Leicester Motorway • E24 • E28 (Birmingham - Ipswich) • E33 (London - Glasgow) • E33 (Northampton - Liverpool) • Holyhead Road • M45 • M6 • M69 • Northern and Western Motorway • Sherbourne Valley Road • T114 (Britain) • T11 (Britain) • T44 (Britain)
MiscellaneousCoventry/Named Junctions
Related Pictures
View gallery (153)
B4098 Route Sign Coventry - Coppermine - 13178.jpgBridge over the Holyhead Road - Geograph - 774745.jpgCoventry-Humber Road - Geograph - 1679455.jpgCoventryJ6001.JPGTollbar End improvement works (north side).jpg
Places in the West Midlands region
Major citiesBirmingham • Coventry • Stoke-on-Trent • Wolverhampton
Primary DestinationsBirmingham International Airport • Bridgnorth • Bromsgrove • Brownhills • Burton upon Trent • Cannock • Dudley • Evesham • Hereford • Kidderminster • Leamington Spa • Leek • Leominster • Lichfield • Newcastle • Nuneaton • Oswestry • Redditch • Ross • Rugby • Rugeley • Shrewsbury • Solihull • Stafford • Stone • Stourbridge • Stratford • Tamworth • Telford • Uttoxeter • Walsall • Warwick • West Bromwich • Whitchurch • Worcester
Other placesBilston • Coseley • Droitwich • Halesowen • Ledbury • Ludlow • Malvern • N.E.C. • Smethwick • Southam • Sutton Coldfield • Wednesfield • Wellington • Willenhall


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