Baile Átha Cliath
|Location Map ( geo)|
|The Spire on O'Connell Street|
|Forward Destination on|
| M1, N2 (M2), N3 |
|Next Terminal & Intermediate Destinations|
|Blessington • Cork • Derry • Dublin Airport • Galway • Limerick • Navan • Sligo • Wexford|
|Nearby Terminal & Intermediate Destinations|
|Other Nearby Destinations|
|Bray • Naas • Tallaght|
Dublin, located on the east coast of Ireland at the mouth of the River Liffey, is the capital city of the Republic of Ireland and the country's most signposted destination.
The literal meaning of the city's Irish-language name Baile Átha Cliath (usually abbreviated to Áth Cliath on roadsigns) is "hurdles-ford-town". The name "Dublin" (Irish: dubhlinn, "black pool") is a reference to the small lake, used for mooring ships, which once lay close to the Liffey and the "hurdles ford" which crossed the river close to the modern R108.
While it was the Vikings who first established a trading port on the Liffey's banks, it was the Normans who enabled the city to become the main city of the island of Ireland. The Georgian period saw one of the city's greatest periods of growth and today it is Georgian architecture that gives the city its character. In 1916, the Easter Rising against British rule took place here. The area around O'Connell Street was mostly rebuilt in the 1920s after suffering severe destruction in the Irish War of Independence and the Civil War which followed it.
Today Dublin is a major tourist destination, famous not least as the home of Guinness stout.
As might be expected, the Republic of Ireland's road numbering system radiates from Dublin, the hub of which is O'Connell Bridge, where the N1, N4, and N11 all originally met, although since completion of the M50 motorway ring all National routes inside the ring have been reclassified as Regional roads. As of 2016, the majority of the old signs had not been removed.
On each side of the city, crossings of the River Liffey are by tolled roads: the M50 Westlink on one side and the Eastlink Bridge on the east coast. The recently widened motorway carries the majority of the traffic, meeting al the major radial routes, as most other routes are single carriageway. A third toll road, the relatively recent Dublin Port Tunnel, relieves the former N1 through north Dublin and connects the port to the motorway network.
While the city centre may not be as congested as nearby capital London, it is frequently brought to a halt, both at peak times on the radial routes and at all times in the busy central area. This is a cause for local debate, with some politicians supporting further pedestrian areas. Roads between the suburbs and M50, such as the N11, have generally been upgraded to a high standard, but they cannot continue this standard into the central area.
Most junctions in the city centre are numbered, with signage usually referring to Dublin Airport, the N1, N2, N3, N4, N7, N11, N81, M50 and nearby car parks, making finding your destination easy - assuming you know where it is relative to those routes.
Much of the city is open to general traffic, with one weekday bus gate on Trinity Street proving controversial.
A one-way system operates around the River Liffey between Custom House Quay and Heuston Station. This interacts with other one-way systems to create a maze for an unsuspecting visitor. One particular example creates a figure-of-8 shape starting at O'Connell Bridge and ending at Trinity College, used mostly by buses.
Two orbital roads, named North Circular Road and South Circular Road, roughly mark the boundaries of the city centre, but are comparable in standard with London's more famous South Circular Road.
Since 2004, the city's roads have handled an expanding, modern tram network, branded Luas, which frequently brings roadworks to the central streets.
|Aerfort AIRPORT · Droichead Átha DROGHEDA · Béal Feirste BELFAST|
|Cill Dhéagláin ASHBOURNE · Doire DERRY|
|An Uaimh NAVAN|
|Cionn Átha Gad KINNEGAD|
|An Nás NAAS||For M7 Luimneach LIMERICK, M8 Corcaigh CORK, |
and M9 Port Lairge WATERFORD
|Bré BRAY · Loch Garman WEXFORD||N11 / M11|
|Tamhlacht TALLAGHT · Baile Coimín BLESSINGTON|