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The A38 / A368 Crossroads at Churchill
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A Crossroads is one of the most basic junctions, where two roads cross each other, with one usually having priority and the other forced to give way. They are frequently controlled by Traffic Signals, especially in an Urban situation. Whilst the very word crossroads implies that the two routes are crossing at 90 degrees, this is far from the case a lot of the time, with crossroads bearing a variety of shapes. It is also not always a straight-through route that gains priority. In some cases, the major route is turning through the crossroads, producing two side turnings in quick succession on the same side of the road.

Four Way Stop

A four way stop (sometimes known as an all way stop) is a variation on the crossroads; in this case, all approaches to the junction have stop signs, requiring vehicles to stop. The system is predominantly used in the United States of America, Canada, and South Africa, and to a lesser extent in Sweden. There are some examples in the Republic of Ireland; although in the UK the layout is not specified as a permitted variant in TSRGD 2002 (s3(16) and s4(25)). Priority may differ from country to country, but it is typical for priority to be assigned based on who has been waiting at the junction for the longest time.

Staggered Crossroads

A variation on the basic crossroads is the staggered crossroads. This is where the lesser route does not cross the major route in a straight line, but with a slight dogleg between the two arms. Whilst this can simply be a historic situation, it is more often than not the result of the Highway Authority trying to improve safety at a difficult junction. In these cases, right-turn lanes are often set into the middle of the main route, or long left slips provided so that slow crossing traffic hinders the main flow as little as possible.

'Cross' Junctions

Maps will often mark junction names in rural areas, especially when the names are traditional. Often these names are suffixed with 'Cross', for example Red Post Cross or Ash Cross. These names come from landmarks in the vicinity - A red post or a notable Ash Tree. However, they could just as easily come from the name of the nearby farm, or village as at Horton Cross. Some places, such as Wheddon Cross near Exmoor, have developed into small villages, other Cross Junctions virtually obliterated by new roads being built, and so leaving the old junction shorn of traffic, or indeed roads in some instances.

Of course, not all such junctions are even Crossroads. In fact, there are probably fewer straightforward crossroads junctions bearing the Cross suffix than there are T Junctions, Fiveways or staggered junctions.

Alexandra Cross • Amen Corner • Angel • Ardlaw Crossroads • Armadale Cross • Ashted Circus • Bailie Cross • Baker's Arms • Bannons Cross Roads • Beaconsfield Crossroads • Beare Green Junction • Belford Station Junction • Bell Bar • Bernard's Place • Betty's Grave • Blackhurst Corner • Blackmoor Gate • Blacksmiths Corner • Blakestown Cross • Bonnyrigg Toll • Brake Cross • Breich Crossroads • Bridgeton Cross • Broad Oak • Burcott Road Junction • Burnt Tree • Burrowmoor Crossroads • Butlers Cross • Calverley Crossroads • Camberwell Green • Carhampton Cross • Carrington Lane Junction • Castle Roche Cross Roads • Cattistock Halt • Chalkers Corner • Chapmans Cross • Charminster Cross • Chevening Cross • Church Road Crossroads (Royal Tunbridge Wells) • Churchill Gate Crossroads • Clephanton • Clockhouse Junction • Co-op Corner • Cock and Bottle • Coffintree Cross • Cole Avenue Junction • Coles Lane Junction • Cornhill Crossroads • Couston Crossroads • Cowcaddens Cross • Cranwell Turn • Creech Castle • Crosby Crossroads • Cross (Axbridge) • Cross Four Ways • Danes Crossroads • Denshaw Crossroads • Dial Post South • Dinnet Crossroads • Ditchling Road Crossroad • Duddo Junction • Dungooly Cross Roads • Duns Road Junction • Dunsland Cross • Durweston Cross • Ealing Common • East End Junction • Elstree Crossroads • Enzie Crossroads • Ferness Crossroads • Fighting Cocks • Finger Corner • Five Lanes End • Five Ways (Wolverhampton City Centre) • Fletcher's Corner • Flimwell Crossroads • Ford Cross • Four Ashes Junction • Fox Crossroads • Ganwick Corner • Gapemouth Corner • Gates Corner • Germoe Cross Roads • Gorbals Cross • Green Ore • Gummows Shop • Gunnersbury Park • Hackballs Cross • Haggardstown Cross • Hall Crossroads • Haynestown Cross • Higher Cross • Holtye Crossroads • Horseshoes • Ipley Cross • Jocks Lodge • Jubilee Cross • Kaimes Junction • Kelso Junction • King Street Junction (Wimblington) • Knights End Crossroads • Knockbridge Cross Roads • Lamb's Cross • Lister Street • Little Heath Junction • Llynclys Crossroads • Lydford Crosskeys • Maghereagh Cross • Maple Cross (Bishop's Stortford) • Maple Drive Junction • Martin's Cross • Mason's Corner • McGruder's Cross Roads • Meikleour Crossroads • Milestone Green • Milton Link Junction • Miner's Arms Crossroads • Moby Dick • Muckhart Crossroads • Mulben Crossroads • Mullabohy Cross Roads • Mullan's Corner • Mybster Crossroads • Nags Head • Neville's Cross • New Deer Crossroads • New Town Row • Newton Cross • Newton Greenside • Newtonloan Crossroads • North Leigh Crossroads • A273 Northern Arc Avenue Crossroads • Offley Cross • Old Gore Crossroads • Open Market • Oving Crossroads • Parley Cross • Peacock Cross • Peahen Crossroads • Perran Crossroads • Pirton Cross • Portencross Crossroads • Presseys Corner • Prince of Wales Junction • Princes Square • Pulpit Corner • Punch's Cross • Quarr Cross • Queen Square (Wolverhampton) • Radar Corner • Red Post (Winterborne Tomson) • Redcraigs Toll • Redmile Crossroads • Rhynie Crossroads • Robin Hood Cross Roads • Rock Crossroads • Rollestone Crossroads • Round Church Corner • Round Table • Rutherglen Cross • Seafield Junction • Shoby Crossroads • Short's Corner • Shortstone Cross Roads • Skippool Junction • Sompting Avenue Junction • Spalefield Crossroads • Spinnaker Junction • Stafford Place • Stafford Street Junction • Stimpson's Cross • Stocks Cross • Stoney Cross • Stopgate Cross • Summer Lane • Swan Junction • Swanley Bar • The Bell (Walthamstow) • The Fingerpost • The Hare Crossroads • The Scott Arms • Thistle Crossroads • Throop Clump • Tissington Gates • Tom Long's Post • Town Hall Crossroads • Victoria Square • Wagon Works Junction • Ward Toll • Warstone Lane • Washford Cross • Waterloo Road Junction • Watford Crossroads • Watten Crossroads • Weedon Crossroads • Weston Cross • Wheddon Cross • Whitburn Crossroads • White Cross (Brent Knoll) • White Post Gate • Whitehall • Wilson's Corner • Windy Harbour Junction • Wishaw East Cross • Woodlands Cross • Wynns Corner
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Miners-arms2.jpgCastle-comfort.jpgYetts-m1.jpgYetts-m2.jpgHigham Toll cross roads - Geograph - 65670.jpg
Junction Types
Cloverleaf • Crossroads • CYCLOPS • Diamond • Directional T • Diverging Diamond • Dumbbell • Fiveways • Four Level Stack • Grade separated • Gyratory • Hamburger Junction • LILO • Longabout • Magic Gyratory • Magic Roundabout • Parclo • Roundabout • Roundabout interchange • Single Point Urban Interchange • Single sliproad junction • T Junction • Trumpet Junction • Whirlpool

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