|To:||Venta Icenorium (TG230034)|
|Distance:||104.5 miles (168.2 km)|
3a. The Great Road. London to Chelmsford 29¼ miles
The Roman road to Colchester left the city of London (Londinium) by the medieval Aldgate. It lay below Whitechapel High Street (A11) as far as Fieldgate Street and then continued on a lost alignment to Iceland Wharf, Old Ford (TQ372837). It may be represented by the eastern end of Roman Road (B119), along which it was joined by the Roman road from Hyde Park Corner (RM20).
Having cross the river Lea the road transverses Stratford Marsh before being picked up by the A118 at Stratford. From here it is represented (more or less, allowing for deviation over time) by the A118 through Ilford and Romford to Gallows Corner. From the GSJ here is is under the A12 to the M25 Junction 28 interchange, and from there by the A1023 through Brenwood to the A12 again at Chainbridge Farm. It is then taken up by the B1002 through Ingastone to the A12 at White's Place and then by the A414 to the outskirts of Chelmsford. The modern road layout disguises that the Roman road kept a true line 'over' the railway and along Moulsham Street to the town centre.
Here lay the Roman fort and later town of Caesaromagus, sited on the west bank of the river Can.
3b. The Great Road. Chelmsford to Colchester 22¾ miles
After crossing the Can and Chelmer rivers the Roman road is followed by out of town by Springfield Road (the B1137) and, via the edge of town bypass mess, through Boreham and Hatfield Peverel to be joined by the A12 once more. It is represented by the A12 to Marks Tey, except for the modern bypasses at Witham and Kelvedon (at these places followed by the B1389 and B1024 respectively). Kelvedon is the Roman town of Canonium.
North east of Kelvedon, at Mill House Farm, a Roman Road (RM320) forked off east on a more southerly route into Colchester. The Great Road continued to just east of Marks Tey where it was joined by Stane Street Roman road from Braughing (RM32). It then carries on as the B1408 and A1124 to Colchester. At Lexden The Great Road was joined from the north east by the Roman road from Godmachester (RM24), i.e Ermine Street and the north. A little before the city the road is met from the south west by road RM321 that served the Gosbecks Farm temple complex.
Colchester is renowned as the Roman colony (colonia) of Camulodunum, or to give its full name Colonia Claudia Victricensis. It was a strategically and commercially important city in the province of Roman Britain. The link above gives one of Wikipedia's best descriptions relating to Britannia.
3c. Colchester to Baylham 19½ miles
3d. The Pye Road. Baylham to Caistor St Edmund (next Norwich) 33 miles