|Location Map ( geo)|
|Other Important Destinations|
|Current Highway Authorities|
|Scottish Borders Council|
|East Lothian • Midlothian • Northumberland • Roxburghshire|
|Transport Scotland Roads|
|A1 • A68|
Berwickshire is a traditional county in the south of Scotland. It takes its name from the medieval county town, Berwick upon Tweed, although after changing hands a number of times the town was finally claimed by the English several centuries ago! It is now one of the four counties which were brought together under Scottish Borders Council.
Geography & Economy
Much of the county is relatively low lying, fertile farmland along the Tweed and its tributaries. The north west of the county is hillier, with upland moors, but fewer forestry plantations than the other Border counties. Following the loss of Berwick, Greenlaw and then Duns became the county towns, but neither prospered and grew as might be expected and all of the counties towns and villages are small. Eyemouth on the coast is perhaps the largest (although it is close in size with Duns), and despite a lengthy, if rugged, coastline, Eyemouth and St Abbs are the only harbour towns on the coast.
The county still has a small, scattered population with a largely rural economy. Tourism along the coast and Tweed Valley plays a part, and there is limited commuting outwith the county to the larger towns across its borders, although it is not really in the commuter belt for either Edinburgh or Newcastle.
There is a good network of A and B roads criss-crossing the county between the A68 and A1, except in the north west where the landscape has limited settlement. The A6105 is the main east-west route, supplemented by a number of B roads between it and the Tweed. None of the routes except the trunk roads are particularly high quality, but with low traffic volumes and a sparsely populated landscape, the roads are empty enough to be enjoyed. In the south of the county there are some fine bridges across the Tweed, and also along the A1 in the east.
Most non-trunk roads within the traditional county are maintained by Scottish Borders Council. The Trunk Roads, which are the A1 and A68 are managed by Transport Scotland. Despite the A1 being an important east coast route into Edinburgh, less than half of the route through the county is dualled. The long single carriageway sections can prove slow, with heavy traffic and lots of lorries, but any plans to improve the route are in the long-term future.
|A1107||Cockburnspath (S)||Ayton (E)||13.2 miles||View|
|B1344||Reston||St Abbs||4.1 miles||View|
|B6362||Stow||High Cross||7.2 miles||View|
|B6365||Burnhouses||Duns (N)||2.1 miles||View|
|B6366||Langton Gate||Castle Street||0.2 miles||View|
|B6366||Duns (N)||Grantshouse||7.7 miles||View|
|B6404||St Boswells||Mainberry||6.0 miles||View|
|B6438||Preston||St Abbs||10.5 miles||View|
|B6456||Whiteburn (E)||Choicelee||9.9 miles||View|
|B6461||Kelso||New Water Haugh||21.8 miles||View|
|B6473||High Cross||Oxton||5.0 miles||View|
|Berwickshire Coastal Route||Burnmouth||south of Cockburnspath||13.5 miles||View|
|Borders Historic Route||Edinburgh||border nr Carlisle||95 miles||View|
|76||Berwick upon Tweed||Stirling and Kirkcaldy||View|