Berwickshire

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Berwickshire
Location Map ( geo)
Cameraicon.png View gallery (3)
Primary Destinations
Coldstream
Other Important Destinations
Duns
Current Highway Authorities
Scottish Borders Council
Borders
East Lothian • Midlothian • Northumberland • Roxburghshire
Transport Scotland Roads
A1 • A68

Berwickshire is a traditional county in the south of Scotland. It takes its name from the medieval county town, Berwick upon Tweed, although after changing hands a number of times the town was finally claimed by the English several centuries ago! It is now one of the four counties which were brought together under Scottish Borders Council.

Geography & Economy

the A6105 passing through Duns

Much of the county is relatively low lying, fertile farmland along the Tweed and its tributaries. The north west of the county is hillier, with upland moors, but fewer forestry plantations than the other Border counties. Following the loss of Berwick, Greenlaw and then Duns became the county towns, but neither prospered and grew as might be expected and all of the counties towns and villages are small. Eyemouth on the coast is perhaps the largest (although it is close in size with Duns), and despite a lengthy, if rugged, coastline, Eyemouth and St Abbs are the only harbour towns on the coast.

The county still has a small, scattered population with a largely rural economy. Tourism along the coast and Tweed Valley plays a part, and there is limited commuting outwith the county to the larger towns across its borders, although it is not really in the commuter belt for either Edinburgh or Newcastle.

Roads

Union Bridge over the Tweed

There is a good network of A and B roads criss-crossing the county between the A68 and A1, except in the north west where the landscape has limited settlement. The A6105 is the main east-west route, supplemented by a number of B roads between it and the Tweed. None of the routes except the trunk roads are particularly high quality, but with low traffic volumes and a sparsely populated landscape, the roads are empty enough to be enjoyed. In the south of the county there are some fine bridges across the Tweed, and also along the A1 in the east.

Most non-trunk roads within the traditional county are maintained by Scottish Borders Council. The Trunk Roads, which are the A1 and A68 are managed by Transport Scotland. Despite the A1 being an important east coast route into Edinburgh, less than half of the route through the county is dualled. The long single carriageway sections can prove slow, with heavy traffic and lots of lorries, but any plans to improve the route are in the long-term future.

Route From To Length
A1 London Edinburgh 396 miles View
A1107 Cockburnspath (S) Ayton (E) 13.2 miles View
A6089 Whiteburn Kelso 13.6 miles View
A6105 Earlston Berwick-upon-Tweed 33.0 miles View
A6112 Coldstream Grantshouse 21.1 miles View
A68 Dalkeith Darlington 128 miles View
A697 Morpeth Oxton 67.7 miles View
A698 Hawick Tweedmouth 43.8 miles View
A7 Edinburgh Carlisle 94.3 miles View
B1343 Burnmouth Eyemouth 2.5 miles View
B1344 Reston St Abbs 4.1 miles View
B6355 Tranent Eyemouth 42.0 miles View
B6356 Earlston Clintmains 6.5 miles View
B6356 Kelso Berwick-upon-Tweed 22.5 miles View
B6362 Stow High Cross 7.2 miles View
B6363 Earlston Greenlaw 10.2 miles View
B6364 Kelso Greenlaw 7.2 miles View
B6365 Burnhouses Duns (N) 2.1 miles View
B6366 Langton Gate Castle Street 0.2 miles View
B6366 Duns (N) Grantshouse 7.7 miles View
B6368 Haddington Crookston 17.3 miles View
B6397 Earlston Kelso 8.9 miles View
B6404 St Boswells Mainberry 6.0 miles View
B6437 Lennel Houndwood 15.3 miles View
B6438 Preston St Abbs 10.5 miles View
B6456 Whiteburn (E) Choicelee 9.9 miles View
B6460 Greenlaw Paxton 14.2 miles View
B6461 Kelso New Water Haugh 21.8 miles View
B6470 Swinton Norham(E) 5.2 miles View
B6473 High Cross Oxton 5.0 miles View
Berwickshire Coastal Route Burnmouth south of Cockburnspath 13.5 miles View
Borders Historic Route Edinburgh border nr Carlisle 95 miles View
E15 Inverness Dover 640 miles View
E31 London Glasgow 446 miles View
1 Dover Norwick View
76 Berwick upon Tweed Stirling and Kirkcaldy View
T1 London Scrabster View
T86 Newcastle Edinburgh View 

Key

Motorway
Primary Route
Non Primary Route
Former Motorway
Defunct Route
E Road
Future Motorway
Future Primary
Future Non Primary
Historical Route
Tourist Route
Roman Road
Unbuilt Motorway
Unbuilt Primary
Unbuilt Non Primary
National Cycle Network
Cycle Route
Eurovelo Cycle Route



Berwickshire
RoadsA1 • A1107 • A6089 • A6105 • A6112 • A68 • A697 • A698 • A7 • B1343 (Berwickshire) • B1344 (Berwickshire) • B6355 • B6356 • B6356 (Kelso - Berwick) • B6362 • B6363 (Berwickshire) • B6364 • B6365 • B6366 (Duns) • B6366 (Duns - Grantshouse) • B6368 • B6397 • B6404 • B6437 • B6438 • B6456 • B6460 • B6461 (Kelso - Berwick) • B6470 • B6473 (Berwickshire) • Berwickshire Coastal Route • Borders Historic Route • E15 • E31 (via Newcastle) • NCN1 • NCN76 • T1 (Britain) • T86 (Britain)
PlacesColdstream • Duns
MiscellaneousCrossings in Berwickshire • Junctions in Berwickshire • Scottish Borders Council
Related Pictures
View gallery (3)
Cameras and snow gates on A68 - Geograph - 4992937.jpgUnion Bridge - Coppermine - 18820.jpgUnion Bridge - Coppermine - 18821.jpg
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