|Location Map ( geo)|
|Other Important Destinations|
|Kirkwall • St Margarets Hope • Stromness|
|Current Highway Authorities|
|Orkney Islands Council|
|(Caithness • Zetland)|
|Transport Scotland Roads|
Orkney is a small traditional county that covers the Orkney Islands off Scotland's northern coast. All of the islands in the archipelago, with the exception of Stroma which is within Caithness are within the county.
Geography & Economy
With the exception of Hoy, the islands are generally low lying and relatively flat. Although almost entirely treeless, the land is often fertile, particularly on some of the northern isles which have sandy soils. This offers good farmland, and combined with fishing off the shore in the sheltered waters between the isles has helped sustain the islands population for centuries. In more recent times, tourism has boosted the economy, largely centred around the 'Neolithic Orkney' group of ancient monuments. Walking and cycling on the outer isles is also a popular option for visitors.
The vast natural harbour of Scapa Flow served as a Naval base in both world wars, and led to the construction of the Churchill Barriers, over which the A961 was later extended. The isle of Flotta in Scapa Flow is now also an important link in the North Sea Oil and Gas industry, which whilst nowhere near as important as it is in Shetland, has brought money onto the islands. Green Energy is also likely to boost the islands economy as the oil boom tails off, with tidal and wind energy the main projects.
The Mainland has a good network of A and B roads, most of which are good quality routes with little traffic except in the peak summer season. The south eastern chain of isles down to South Ronaldsay are connected up by the A961 as it crosses the Churchill Barriers. The south western and northern Isles only have B roads serving them, but nevertheless a good network of unclassified routes serve the out lying farms and houses, as indeed they do on the mainland.
The islands are all connected by a network of ferries, with three routes from the Scottish Mainland, and a network of interlinked routes serving the outer isles. Many of these sail from the island capital of Kirkwall, but Stromness and Houston are the ports for the southern isles. All the roads in the county are non-trunk roads and are maintained by Orkney Islands Council.
|A961||Kirkwall||Burwick (South Ronaldsay)||20.3 miles||View|
|A962||Albert Street||Junction Road||0.06 miles||View|
|A963||Kiln Corner Roundabout||Holm Road||1.7 miles||View|
|A966||Finstown||Birsay Bay||17.4 miles||View|
|A967||North of Stromness||Birsay Bay||11.9 miles||View|
|A986||Finstown (W)||Twatt||8.2 miles||View|
|B9040||Water Sound Ferry||Burwick||8.0 miles||View|
|B9043||St Margaret's Hope||Hoxa||2.5 miles||View|
|B9044||Water Sound||South Cara||1.3 miles||View|
|B9045||Sutherland||Kirk Bay||1.8 miles||View|
|B9048||Lyness||Ore Bay||0.6 miles||View|
|B9049||Quoyness (W)||Burra Sound||1.2 miles||View|
|B9051||Gritley||Deer Sound||1.8 miles||View|
|B9052||St Mary's||Foubister||3.5 miles||View|
|B9053||Upper Scapa||Scapa Bay||1.0 mile||View|
|B9054||Harbour||Palace Road||0.5 miles||View|
|B9054||Finstown (W)||Twatt||8.2 miles||View|
|B9058||Elwick||Ness of Ork||5.0 miles||View|
|B9060||Whitehall Village||South Schoolhouse||4.1 miles||View|
|B9065||Rousay Ferry Terminal||Trumland House Lodge, Brinian||0.34 miles||View|
|B9067||Broughton||Nether House||3.3 miles||View|
|B9069||Kettletoft (N)||Saltess||7.6 miles||View|
|B9148||Kirkwall||Scapa Bay||0.9 miles||View|