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County Durham

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County Durham
Location Map
County Durham Flag.png
Cameraicon.png View gallery (4)
Primary Destinations
Bishop Auckland • Consett • Darlington • Durham • Gateshead • Hartlepool • Stockton-on-Tees • South Shields • Sunderland • Teesside (part) • Tyne Tunnel
Other Important Destinations
Chester-le-Street • Washington
Current Highway Authorities
Darlington • Durham • Gateshead • Hartlepool • South Tyneside • Stockton-on-Tees • Sunderland
Borders
Cumberland • Northumberland • Westmorland • Yorkshire
Highways England Roads
A1 • A1(M) • A19 • A66 • A184 • A194(M) • A195(M)
This article is about the county.
For other uses, see Durham (disambiguation)
.

Durham is one of the traditional counties of North East England. It shares its name with its county town and so is often referred to as County Durham, following a practice elsewhere found in Ireland.

Geography & Economy

Descending into Weardale from Killhope Cross

Durham has fairly obvious boundaries, running north-south between the River Derwent and River Tees and west-east between the Pennines and North Sea. As such the county is in two distinct halves: the fairly empty upland section in the west and the more built-up section in the east where the hills are less steep. The River Wear follows a very winding course across the middle of the county. Mining (of coal and lead) has taken place for so long to make it a traditional industry; although there are no deep mines left the annual Miners' Gala still takes place in Durham City each year. The county was a pioneer of the railway in the Stockton and Darlington Railway, part of which is still in use today. The Durham Coast is better known for industry rather than tourism, with Hartlepool and Sunderland still major ports. South Shields is the nearest the county gets to a resort.

Roads

Wearmouth Bridge

As with geography, Durham's road network is in two parts: there is a good network of roads in the built-up east, whereas the west is poorly served. There are a few classified roads into the hills but the A689 along Weardale is the only Class I road; this does reach Killhope Cross on the border with Cumberland, which is the highest classified road in England. The Angel of the North, adjacent to Eighton Lodge Interchange on the A1, is a well-known landmark.

Durham County Council maintains non-trunk roads in the rural part of the county, whilst roads in the northeast are maintained by Gateshead and South Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Councils and Sunderland City Council. The Tees Valley area in the southeast is shared between Darlington, Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Councils. Highways England maintain two north-south routes in the east of the county, the A1/A1(M) and A19, as well as a road linking the two in the north and in the south. Durham City inaugurated a Congestion Charge in 2002, making it the first place in the country to do so. Unlike the much better known example in London this is little more than a toll road but it is still enforced using ANPR.

Route From To Length
A1 London Edinburgh 396 miles View
A1(M) South Mimms Washington 122 miles View
A1 Birtley Morpeth 25.3 miles View
A1 Washington Seaton Burn 18.3 miles View
A1018 Seaton South Shields 12.5 miles View
A1027 Hartburn Billingham 5.5 miles View
A1032 Hemlington Portrack 4.0 miles View
A1046 Stockton-on-Tees Port Clarence 4.4 miles View
A1047 Northgate Haughton Road 0.1 miles View
A1048 Marina Way West View Road 0.46 miles View
A1049 West View Hartlepool Headland 2.6 miles View
A1050 Farewell Hall Durham 1.6 miles View
A1051 Hallgarth Street Crossgate 1.1 miles View
A1052 Houghton Gate Houghton-le-Spring 2.9 miles View
A1053 Newcastle Road Chester Road 0.4 miles View
A1054 Seaton Seaham Harbour 1.4 miles View
A1055 Laverick Hall Tyne Dock 3.4 miles View
A1056 High Street, Jarrow Tyne Ferry 0.4 miles View
A108 Seaham Seaton Burn 21 miles View
A1086 West View, Hartlepool Easington 7.5 miles View
A1114 Teams Blaydon 2.9 miles View
A1130 Stockton-on-Tees Acklam 2.5 miles View
A1150 Harrowgate Hill Little Burdon 2.1 miles View
A1157 Grange Road Woodland Road 1.0 mile View
A1185 Wolviston Seal Sands 3.7 miles View
A1191 Dairy Lane Estate Rye Hill View
A1231 Washington Sunderland 9.7 miles View
A1231(M) Vigo Lambton 0.6 miles View
A1290 Albany Monkwearmouth 5.0 miles View
A1300 Simonside Marsden Bay 3.7 miles View
A1305 Stockton-on-Tees Stockton-on-Tees 2.2 miles View
A135 Egglescliffe Stockton on Tees 4.0 miles View
A139 Stockton on Tees Billingham 1.7 miles View
A167 Topcliffe Kenton Bar 65.6 miles View
A176 Stockton on Tees Middlesbrough 4.0 miles View
A177 Durham Stockton on Tees 21.7 miles View
A178 Middlesbrough Hartlepool 9.3 miles View
A179 Hartlepool Sheraton 5.4 miles View
A180 Shincliffe Sherburn 1.3 miles View
A180 Easington Tees Bay 14.0 miles View
A181 Durham Castle Eden 9.0 miles View
A182 Washington Seaham 17.5 miles View
A183 Chester-le-Street South Shields 18.2 miles View
A184 Dunston Sunderland 11.3 miles View
A185 Heworth Tyne Dock 5.2 miles View
A185(M) Birtley White Mare Pool 3.5 miles View
A189 Gateshead Ashington 20.7 miles View
A19 Doncaster Seaton Burn 124 miles View
A194 Wardley South Shields 5.0 miles View
A194(M) Birtley White Mare Pool 3.5 miles View
A195 Lambton Wardley 6.2 miles View
A195(M) Vigo Lambton 0.6 miles View
A6067 Annfield Plain Flint Hill 2.3 miles View
A6072 Heighington Tindale Crescent 6.1 miles View
A6073 Bishop Auckland High Etherley 3.4 miles View
A6074 Bishop Auckland Croxdale 6.6 miles View
A6075 Castleside Leadgate 3.1 miles View
A6076 Lanchester Sunniside 8.0 miles View
A6077 Stanley Hobson 2.1 miles View
A6081 Gateshead Blaydon 5.0 miles View
A6082 Gateshead Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1.3 miles View
A6083 Teams Gateshead 1.1 miles View
A6084 West Street Bensham Road 0.3 miles View
A6115 West Denton roundabout White Mare Pool roundabout 8.0 miles View
A6125 Gateshead Seaton Burn 10.2 miles View
A6126 Gateshead Newcastle upon Tyne 0.8 miles View
A6127 Chester-le-Street Blakelaw, Newcastle upon Tyne 12.6 miles View
A613 Birtley Blaydon 6.5 miles View
A6171 High Street Prince Consort Road 0.2 miles View
A66 Workington Grangetown 115 miles View
A67 Bowes Crathorne 34.1 miles View
A68 Dalkeith Darlington 128 miles View
A687 Scotch Corner Darlington 7 miles View
A688 Barnard Castle Byers Garth 24.8 miles View
A689 Newby, Carlisle Hartlepool 93.6 miles View
A690 Crook Sunderland 22.2 miles View
A691 Durham Shotley Bridge 13.9 miles View
A692 Castleside Lobley Hill, Gateshead 13.6 miles View
A693 Chester-le-Street Leadgate 10.1 miles View
A694 Scotswood Shotley Bridge 11.1 miles View
A695 Newcastle-upon-Tyne Hexham 21.7 miles View
B1198 Shincliffe Sherburn 1.3 miles View
B1256 Harrowgate Hill Haughton le Skerne 1.4 miles View
B1260 Rainton Bridge Houghton New Town 1.1 miles View
B1273 Darlington Egglescliffe 9.2 miles View
B1274 Durham Road Norton Road 2.0 miles View
B1275 Billingham Haverton Hill 2.2 miles View
B1276 Owton Manor Seaton Carew 1.4 miles View
B1277 Hartlepool Graythorp 4.1 miles View
B1278 Sedgefield bypass Wheatley Hill 5.8 miles View
B1279 Thornley Wheatley Hill (E) 2.9 miles View
B1280 Sheraton South Hetton 9.7 miles View
B1281 Castle Eden By Pass Blackhall Colliery 3.2 miles View
B1282 Quarryheads Lane South Road 0.4 miles View
B1283 West Sherburn Horden 10.5 miles View
B1284 Chester le Street Hetton le Hole 5.8 miles View
B1285 Hetton le Hole Seaham Grange 6.1 miles View
B1286 New Herrington Ryhope 7.7 miles View
B1287 Ryhope Dalton-le-Dale 4.4 miles View
B1288 Birtley Wardley 5.6 miles View
B1289 Springwell Monkwearmouth 7.9 miles View
B1290 Southwick Sunderland 1.5 miles View
B1291 Southwick Whitburn Bay 2.0 miles View
B1292 North Bridge Street Dame Dorothy Street 0.6 miles View
B1293 West Wear Street, Sunderland Barrack Street, Sunderland 0.46 miles View
B1294 Peel Street Sans Street 0.5 miles View
B1295 Low Eighton Wrekenton 1.0 mile View
B1295 Chester Road Ryhope Road 0.6 miles View
B1296 Low Eighton Gateshead 4.1 miles View
B1296 Gateshead Heworth 1.9 miles View
B1297 Hebburn Jarrow 3.2 miles View
B1298 West Boldon South Shields 5.0 miles View
B1299 East Boldon Whitburn 3.0 miles View
B1300 Chichester Westoe 0.3 miles View
B1300 Tyne Dock Marsden 2.7 miles View
B1301 South Shields Marsden 2.8 miles View
B1302 Stanhope Road Jarrow Road 0.4 miles View
B1303 Ocean Road Crossgate 1.2 miles View
B1306 Fellgate Hebburn 1.0 mile View
B1306 Hebburn Hebburn Colliery 0.4 miles View
B1307 Askew Road Jesmond Road 2.5 miles View
B1320 Peterlee Horden 2.0 miles View
B1344 Sea Road Ferry Street 1.5 miles View
B1376 Raby Road Marina Way 0.3 miles View
B1404 Houghton le Spring Seaham 5.1 miles View
B1405 Pallion Grangetown 5.5 miles View
B1426 Lobley Hill Heworth 4.2 miles View
B1432 Cold Hesledon Little Thorpe 3.0 miles View
B1516 Fellgate Jarrow 1.4 miles View
B1519 Bournmoor Shiney Row 0.7 miles View
B1522 Ryhope Sunderland 3.0 miles View
B601 Lobley Hill Gateshead 1.7 miles View
B6168 Flint Hill Annfield Plain 2.8 miles View
B6173 Pickering Nook Stanley 2.2 miles View
B6274 Staindrop Richmond 14.4 miles View
B6275 Barton Interchange Royal Oak 10.3 miles View
B6277 Alston Cross Lanes 32.9 miles View
B6278 Barnard Castle Shotley Bridge 30.4 miles View
B6279 Eggleston(SE) South Burdon 21.9 miles View
B6280 Cockerton Morton Park 4.5 miles View
B6281 Mickleton(E) Egglestone 1.5 miles View
B6282 Middleton in Teesdale Shildon 22.7 miles View
B6283 Bishop Auckland Shildon 1.9 miles View
B6284 Etherley Dene Newton Cap 1.2 miles View
B6285 Bishop Auckland South Church 1.0 mile View
B6286 Willington Toronto 3.3 miles View
B6287 Coundon Ferryhill 4.8 miles View
B6288 Kirk Merrington Croxdale 3.7 miles View
B6289 Spennymoor Kirk Merrington 1.1 miles View
B6290 Picktree Lane Blind Lane 0.46 miles View
B6290 Low Spennymoor Tudhoe 0.7 miles View
B6291 Bowburn Thornley 4.4 miles View
B6293 Alston Black Hall 29.4 miles View
B6295 Langley Copthill 15.1 miles View
B6296 Wolsingham Lanchester 9.2 miles View
B6297 Wolsingham (N) Tow Law 1.9 miles View
B6298 Stanley Crook Crook 2.5 miles View
B6299 Tow Law Willington 4.6 miles View
B6300 Brandon Sunderland Bridge 1.9 miles View
B6301 Tow Law Lanchester 6.7 miles View
B6302 Cornsay Colliery Durham 6.3 miles View
B6306 Hexham Edmundbyers 14.7 miles View
B6308 Medomsley Consett Bypass 2.5 miles View
B6309 Belsay (NW) Leadgate 23.5 miles View
B6310 Shotley Bridge Burnopfield 6.5 miles View
B6311 Tantobie Dipton 1.2 miles View
B6312 Plawsworth Witton Gilbert 2.8 miles View
B6313 Craghead Chester-le-Street 4.4 miles View
B6314 Rowlands Gill Burnopfield 1.3 miles View
B6315 Ryton Rowlands Gill 5.2 miles View
B6316 Whickham Sunniside 1.5 miles View
B6317 Lobley Hill Crawcrook 8.0 miles View
B6322 Medomsley Road Durham Road 0.82 miles View
B6395 Mickley Prudhoe Bypass 2.4 miles View
B6443 Newton Aycliffe Aycliffe Industrial Estate 1.9 miles View
B6444 Aycliffe Heighington 2.4 miles View
B6532 Stanley Durham 7.7 miles View
Central Motorway East Bypass Central Gateshead Town Moor, Newcastle View
Dere Street York Newstead View
E104 Teesside Penrith 78 miles View
E110 Newcastle Stranraer 166 miles View
E15 Inverness Dover 640 miles View
E31 London Glasgow 446 miles View
East Coast Motorway M11 junction 9 Thirsk / Sunderland 227 miles View
Friars Goose Crossing Byker Follinsby View
M100 South Mimms Pelaw 256 miles View
1 Dover Norwick View
NCN7 Sunderland Culloden Moor View
T1 London Scrabster View
T24 Penrith Middlesbrough View
T25 Carlisle Sunderland View
T68 East of Snaith Sunderland View 

Key

Motorway
Primary Route
Non Primary Route
Former Motorway
Defunct Route
E Road
Future Motorway
Future Primary
Future Non Primary
Historical Route
Tourist Route
Roman Road
Unbuilt Motorway
Unbuilt Primary
Unbuilt Non Primary
National Cycle Network
Cycle Route
Eurovelo Cycle Route



County Durham
JunctionsAycliffe Interchange • Birtley Interchange • Blind Lane Interchange • Bowburn Interchange • Bradbury Interchange • Burtree Interchange • Carrville Interchange • Coalhouse Interchange • Derwenthaugh Interchange • Dunston Interchange (Gateshead) • Eighton Lodge Interchange • Follingsby Interchange • Gateshead Quays Interchange • Havannah Interchange • Lobley Hill Interchange • Metro Centre Interchange • Swalwell Interchange • Vigo Interchange • White Mare Pool Interchange
CrossingsFriars Goose Crossing
RoadsA1 • A1(M) • A1/Birtley - Morpeth • A1/via Tyne Tunnel • A1018 • A1027 • A1032 • A1046 • A1047 • A1048 • A1049 • A1050 • A1051 • A1052 • A1053 (Chester-le-Street) • A1054 (Co Durham) • A1055 (Co Durham) • A1056 (County Durham) • A108 (Seaham - Seaton Burn) • A1086 • A1114 (Gateshead) • A1130 • A1150 • A1157 • A1185 • A1191 • A1231 • A1231(M) • A1290 • A1300 • A1305 • A135 • A139 • A167 • A176 (Stockton on Tees - Middlesbrough) • A177 • A178 • A179 • A180 (Durham - Byers Garth) • A180 (Durham Coast Road) • A181 • A182 • A183 • A184 • A185 • A185(M) • A189 • A19 • A194 • A194(M) • A195 • A195(M) • A6067 (Durham) • A6072 • A6073 • A6074 • A6075 (Castleside - Leadgate) • A6076 • A6077 (Co Durham) • A6081 • A6082 • A6083 • A6084 • A6115 (Tyneside) • A6125 • A6126 • A6127 • A613 (Gateshead) • A6171 • A66 • A67 • A68 • A687 (Scotch Corner - Darlington) • A688 • A689 • A690 • A691 • A692 • A693 • A694 • A695 • B1198 • B1256 (Darlington) • B1260 • B1273 (Darlington - Egglescliffe) • B1274 • B1275 • B1276 • B1277 • B1278 • B1279 • B1280 • B1281 • B1282 • B1283 • B1284 • B1285 • B1286 • B1287 • B1288 • B1289 • B1290 • B1291 • B1292 (Sunderland) • B1293 • B1294 • B1295 (Gateshead) • B1295 (Sunderland) • B1296 • B1296 (Gateshead - Heworth) • B1297 • B1298 • B1299 • B1300 (Chichester) • B1300 (Tyne Dock - Marsden) • B1301 • B1302 • B1303 • B1306 • B1306 (Hebburn) • B1307 • B1320 • B1344 • B1376 • B1404 • B1405 • B1426 • B1432 • B1516 • B1519 • B1522 • B601 • B6168 • B6173 • B6274 • B6275 • B6277 • B6278 • B6279 • B6280 • B6281 • B6282 • B6283 • B6284 • B6285 (Bishop Auckland) • B6286 • B6287 • B6288 • B6289 • B6290 • B6290 (Spennymoor) • B6291 • B6293 • B6295 • B6296 • B6297 • B6298 • B6299 • B6300 • B6301 • B6302 • B6306 • B6308 • B6309 • B6310 • B6311 • B6312 • B6313 • B6314 • B6315 • B6316 • B6317 • B6322 (Consett) • B6395 • B6443 • B6444 • B6532 • Central Motorway East Bypass • Dere Street • E104 (Teesside - Penrith) • E110 (Old System) • E15 • E31 (via Newcastle) • East Coast Motorway • Friars Goose Crossing • M100 • NCN1 • NCN7 • T1 (Britain) • T24 (Britain) • T25 (Britain) • T68 (Britain)
MiscellaneousA1(M)/Darrington - Birtley
Related Pictures
View gallery (4)
A689 (C) Andrew Smith - Geograph - 213025.jpgA691 towards Consett (C) JThomas - Geograph - 2875910.jpgCounty Durham Flag.pngRail and Road bridges over the River Wear - Geograph - 928189.jpg
Traditional Counties of Britain and Ireland
EnglandBedfordshire • Berkshire • Buckinghamshire • Cambridgeshire • Cheshire • Cornwall • Cumberland • Derbyshire • Devon • Dorset • Durham • Essex • Gloucestershire • Hampshire • Herefordshire • Hertfordshire • Huntingdonshire • Kent • Lancashire • Leicestershire • Lincolnshire • Middlesex • Norfolk • Northamptonshire • Northumberland • Nottinghamshire • Oxfordshire • Rutland • Shropshire • Somerset • Staffordshire • Suffolk • Surrey • Sussex • Warwickshire • Westmorland • Wiltshire • Worcestershire • Yorkshire
WalesAnglesey • Brecknockshire • Caernarfonshire • Cardiganshire • Carmarthenshire • Denbighshire • Flintshire • Glamorgan • Merionethshire • Monmouthshire • Montgomeryshire • Pembrokeshire • Radnorshire
ScotlandAberdeenshire • Angus • Argyll • Ayrshire • Banffshire • Berwickshire • Buteshire • Caithness • Clackmannanshire • Dumfriesshire • Cromartyshire • Dunbartonshire • East Lothian • Fife • Inverness-shire • Kincardineshire • Kinross-shire • Kirkcudbrightshire • Lanarkshire • Midlothian • Orkney • Peeblesshire • Perthshire • Renfrewshire • Ross-shire • Roxburghshire • Selkirkshire • Stirlingshire • Sutherland • West Lothian • Wigtownshire • Zetland
IrelandAntrim • Armagh • Carlow • Cavan • Clare • Cork • Donegal • Down • Dublin • Fermanagh • Galway • Kerry • Kildare • Kilkenny • Laois • Leitrim • Limerick • Londonderry • Longford • Louth • Mayo • Meath • Monaghan • Offaly • Roscommon • Sligo • Tipperary • Tyrone • Waterford • Westmeath • Wexford • Wicklow