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Bristol

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Bristol
Location Map ( geo)
Clifton Suspension Bridge.jpg
The Clifton Suspension Bridge
Cameraicon.png View gallery (81)
County
Gloucestershire • Somerset
Highway Authority
Bristol
Forward Destination on
M5 • M32 • M49 • A4 • A37 • A38 • A4174
Next Primary Destinations
Avonmouth • Bath • Bridgwater • Gloucester • London • Newport • Taunton • Weston-super-Mare
Other Nearby Primary Destinations
Chippenham
Places related to the M5
Places related to the A4
Places related to the A37
Places related to the A38
This article is about the city and Primary Destination.
For the Highway Authority, see Bristol Council
.

Bristol is the sixth largest city in England lying in the West Country and having major docks on the River Avon. It is unusual in that it is both split across two historic counties, Gloucestershire and Somerset, and has a Lord Lieutenant in its own right - the latter being based upon its former status as a County Corporate, an early form of County Borough.

There are several important bridges in the Bristol area, including the Clifton Suspension Bridge, the Avonmouth Bridge and the Bedminster Bridge, as well as Gordano Services on the M5. The Almondsbury Interchange between M5 and M4 is located to the northwest of the city.

History

The pre-numbering road network in Bristol was based around the city centre and the historic harbour, which was a major regional centre for shipping. In the turn of the 20th century, the port of Avonmouth became increasingly important, as it could cope with larger cargo. This led to the construction of the Portway in the 1920s; the road is still important today and used as a major route from the M5 to the city centre.

1927 map of Bristol

A brief comparison of the two maps to the left will show just how much the road network of Bristol developed in the 1930s - little would have been achieved in the immediate post-war years. In the last fifty years there have been even more changes - the arrival of the motorways for starters, not to mention the grand schemes of the A4044 and A4174 - the first partly dismantled and the second still incomplete!

A major development in the inter-war years was turning Queen Square into a dual carriageway, allowing the A4 to bypass the historic city centre. Since then, the idea of destroying a historic Georgian square and park into a road has become so unpopular, that this route was eventually ripped up and the land returned to its original 18th century layout, all for the better.

1953 map of Bristol

One of the major developments was the Filton Bypass, in an attempt to improve traffic coming from the A38 to get to the city centre while avoiding areas such as Filton. However, this road was later abandoned as Filton Airfield was expanded and Bristol became an important city for aerospace engineering and development. Instead, the first part of the M5 was built, connecting the A38 to Cribbs Causeway, allowing traffic to reach the city centre via Henbury and Westbury on Trym.

The M32 was built between 1966 and 1975, in order to provide the main route into the city.

Another project indicating how much Bristol has changed its opinion about road traffic was the Redcliffe Flyover, that was a temporary link near Temple Meads station and part of the Inner Ring Road. It was demolished not longer after the restoration of Queen Square.


Routes

Route To Notes

M5

The MIDLANDS, SOUTH WALES,Gloucester, Cheltenham, (Chepstow), (M4) For South Wales (M4 West), the M49 can be used. From the City Centre, the M32 can be used for the M4.

M5

The SOUTH WEST, Bridgwater, Taunton

M32

The MIDLANDS, SOUTH WALES, (Swindon), (Reading), London, (M4) Bristol City Centre to M4 via Bristol Parkway Railway Station and Northern Bristol, as well as Ring Road.

M49

SOUTH WALES, Newport, Cardiff, (M4) From M5/A4 to M4 with no other junctions. Second Severn Crossing (M4 West) requires Toll Money. No access to M48/Chepstow/Services, use M5

A4

Bath

A4

Avonmouth, (M49)

A37

Shepton Mallet, Wells (A39)

A38

Taunton, Bristol Airport

A4174

Bristol Ring Road Incomplete Ring. From M32 around the Eastern, Northern and Southern of Bristol.

A38

Patchway, Gloucester (M4, M5)

A369

Portishead

A370

Weston-super-Mare

A420

Kingswood, Chippenham

A431

Hanham, Bath

A432

Fishponds, Stapleton, Horfield (M32, M4, M5)

A4018

Westbury on Trym, Gloucester (A38) (M4, M5, M32)

B3128

Clevedon

B4054

Stoke Bishop

B4055

Severn Beach

B4058

Iron Acton

B4465

Dodington Ash




Bristol
Sections
Projects
Junctions
Abbey Wood Roundabout • Almondsbury Interchange • Almondsbury Roundabout • Ashton Gate • Aztec West • Bath Bridge (Bristol) • Bedminster Bridge • Bromley Heath Roundabout • Bryants Hill Interchange • Cabot Circus • Cribbs Causeway • Cumberland Basin • Deanery Road Roundabout • Dramway Roundabout • Eastville Interchange • Feeder Road Interchange • Filton Roundabout • Frenchay Interchange • Gordano Interchange • Gurney Roundabout • Hambrook Interchange • Hambrook Lights • Hicks Gate Roundabout • Kingsfield Roundabout • Lawrence Hill Roundabout • Lawrence Weston Interchange • Lime Kiln Roundabout • Lower Ashley Road Interchange • Lyde Green Roundabout • M32 Bus Only Junction • Portway Roundabout (Bristol) • Queen Square (Bristol) • Siston Hill Roundabout • St Brendans Roundabout • St James Barton • Temple Circus • The Rosary Roundabout • Three Lamps Interchange • Tyndalls Park Interchange • Wick Wick Roundabout
Services
Crossings
Roads
A4 • A36 • A37 • A38 • A369 • A370 • A403 • A407 (Bristol) • A420 • A430 (Chippenham - Bristol) • A431 • A432 • A3024 (Bristol) • A3029 • A3034 (Bristol) • A4017 • A4018 • A4032 • A4044 • A4162 • A4174 • A4175 • A4176 • A4320 • B3119 • B3120 • B3121 (Bristol) • B3122 • B3123 (Bristol) • B3124 • B3125 • B3126 • B3129 • B4045 (Keynsham) • B4046 • B4047 (Gloucestershire) • B4048 • B4049 • B4050 • B4051 • B4052 • B4053 • B4053 (Colston Street, Bristol) • B4054 • B4055 • B4056 • B4057 • B4058 • B4465 • B4466 • B4467 • B4468 • B4469 • E30 • E105 (London - Fishguard) • E116 (Old System) • EuroVelo 1 • EuroVelo 2 • Longest Lane • M4 • M5 • M32 • M49 • NCN4 • NCN41 • Outer Circuit Road • South Bristol Spur • T9 (Britain) • T16 (Britain)
Related Pictures
View gallery (81)
Bristol Temple Way Underpass - Geograph - 1360517.jpgCNV00089.jpgJ21 just before the 2nd Seven Bridge - Coppermine - 4930.jpg'inner circuit road' enlargement - Coppermine - 12190.jpg2009 - A4174 Bristol ring road at Siston Common - Geograph - 1550800.jpg
Places in South West England
Major CitiesBath • Bristol • Bournemouth • Exeter • Gloucester • Plymouth • Salisbury • Truro
Primary DestinationsBarnstaple • Bideford • Blandford • Bodmin • Bridgwater • Bude • Cheltenham • Chippenham • Cirencester • Dorchester • Exmouth • Falmouth • Frome • Glastonbury • Helston • Honiton • Launceston • Liskeard • Marlborough • Minehead • Newquay • Okehampton • Paignton • Penzance • Poole • Redruth • St Austell • Shepton Mallet • Stroud • Swindon • Taunton • Tavistock • Torquay • Wadebridge • Warminster • Wells • Weston • Weymouth • Yeovil
Other PlacesAvonmouth • Bere Regis • Callington • Christchurch • Devizes • Hayle • Hugh Town • Ilfracombe • Ilminster • Kingsbridge • Looe • Melksham • Newton Abbot • Padstow • Saltash • St Ives • Stonehenge • Stow • Swanage • Tewkesbury • Tiverton • Torpoint • Wellington • Westbury • Wimborne


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