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Highways England

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Highways England
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The Highways England logo and strapline
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Highways England is the agency responsible for the operation of England's trunk roads network, which includes most of the country's motorways, as well as the most major A-class roads, by using the same areas allocated by the Highways Agency. Under its new structure it is equivalent to Network Rail, the publicly owned company tasked with maintaining and improving the Rail Network.

It has no responsibilities for the Principal road network, which are the responsibility of the local Highway Authority. It also has no authority over roads outside of England except for the M48 Severn and Wye Bridges and the M4 Second Severn Crossing in Wales. Its counterparts are Transport Scotland, North and Mid Wales Trunk Road Agent, South Wales Trunk Road Agent and Transport NI.

It maintains the Strategic Road Network, also known as the Trunk Road Network, which includes most motorways and the most important A-Roads in the country. Their network totals around 4,300 miles of roads, ranging from the extremely busy M25 near Heathrow, to roads not much more than winding B-roads in places, like the A49 and A64.

Highways England replaced the Highways Agency on 1 April 2015.

Contents

Aims and Objectives

Highways England has three key aims that it wishes to achieve. These are:

  • Provide a free flowing network where routine delays are infrequent and journeys are reliable,
  • Maintain a safe and serviceable network where no-one should be harmed when travelling or working,
  • Have an accessible and integrated network so people are free to choose their mode of transport and can move safely across and alongside our roads.

It also aims to help and stimulate economic growth by providing a modern and reliable network that not only copes with current development but allows for more and that their work provides and long term and sustainable benefit to the environment. The last part was a big objective of A New Deal for Trunk Roads in England and was carried from the Highways Agency to continue its work to improve and protect the environment.

These aims are monitored by the companies two regulatory bodies.

Policy

Highways England is tasked with implementing major road improvements on top of maintaining its current network. In the past, either when under direct control of the Department for Transport, or under the Highways Agency, projects and funding was set centrally and undertaken by various bodies. As the funding was set centrally and the projects were normally of high worth, it was easy to remove projects from the program and save some money if the Treasury need to reduce its spending.

Under its new structure, the funding is set by government but is allocated 5 years in advanced, meaning that Highways England has security of funding and can progress with schemes knowing that the funding will be there to build the scheme. This was all part of the Road Investment Strategy, which was designed to improve the sector by securing funding for the projects in advanced in 5 years periods, initially referred to as Road Periods. The first round of scheme was decided by the DfT and the Highways Agency, using their Route Based Strategies. Future funding will be allocated for the next period in advanced of when it is due to start and will allow Highways England to plan improvements for the next period in advanced of it starting. It will also be able to choose the schemes that it will progress using Route Based Strategies, much like the Highways Agency.

Regulation

Highways England has two bodies tasked with monitoring its performance and ensuring that it meets its objectives in terms of maintaining and improving its network, as well as satisfying its users.

Office for Rail and Road

The Office for Rail and Road (ORR), formerly the Office for Rail Regulation, is the regulatory body that oversees and enforces Highways England's performance and efficiency, ensuring that it is meeting its key objectives and providing value for Tax Payers.

The Office for Rail Regulation became the Office for Rail and Road in April 2015 as part of the same legislation that the Highways Agency was converted into Highways England under the Infrastructure Act 2015.

Transport Focus

Transport Focus, like the ORR and Highways England, came into existence under the Infrastructure Act (2015) and was formerly known as Passenger Focus, the rail passenger watchdog. Under its new remit, Transport Focus campaigns and influences the decisions of Highways England, as well as Network Rail, in improving the road and rail networks and making sure that users of both forms of transport receive a good level of service. It also makes sure that the users are receiving the level of service as set out by the ORR and works with the ORR to take action to rectify any issues while remaining independent from it.

Areas

Having taken over from the Highways Agency, Highways England continue to divide England into fourteen areas, each with its own team. Each area is tasked with maintaining the roads within it and identifying weaknesses in the network that need rectifying or improving.

This is the current list of Highways England Areas.

HA Area Area Name Roads Include
1 Corn­wall & Devon A30, A38
2 Som­er­set, Avon, Wilt­shire & Gloucestershire M4, M5, M32, M48, M49, A4, A30, A36, A40, A46, A303
3 Hamp­shire, Berk­shire, Sur­rey, Oxford­shire, Dorset & Wiltshire M3, M4, M27, M271, A3, A3(M), A27, A31, A34, A303, A308(M), A404, A404(M)
4 Kent, Sur­rey, East Sus­sex & West Sussex M2, M20, M23, A2, A20, A21, A22, A23, A26, A27, A259, A2070
5 M25, link roads to GLA Bound­ary, Berkshire, Buck­ing­hamshire, Hert­ford­shire, Essex, Kent & Sur­rey (M25 Area) M1, M3, M4, M11, M20, M23, M25, M26, M40, A1, A1(M), A2, A3, A13, A20, A23, A30, A40, A316, A406, A1079, A3113
6 Essex, Cam­bridgeshire, Suf­folk & Norfolk M11, A1, A11, A12, A14, A47, A120, A1023
7 Leices­ter­shire, Northamp­ton­shire, Derbyshire, Not­ting­hamshire, Lin­colnshire, part of Warwick­shire, Rut­land & part of Oxfordshire M1, M6, M45, M69, A1, A5, A6 A14, A38, A42, A43, A45, A46, A52, A453, A516, A5111
8 Cam­bridgeshire, Bed­ford­shire, Hert­ford­shire & part of Suffolk M1, M11, A1, A1(M), A5, A11, A14, A414, A421, A428
9 West Mid­lands, Here­ford, Worces­ter­shire, Shrop­shire, War­wick­shire & Staffordshire M5, M6, M40, M42, M50, M54, A5, A34, A38, A38(M), A40, A41, A45, A46, A49, A50 A423, A435, A446, A449, A452, A458, A483, A500, A4097, A5127, A5148,
10 Cheshire, Mersey­side, Greater Man­ches­ter & part of Lancashire M6, M53, M56, M57, M58, M60, M61, M62, M65, M66, M67, A41, A55, A56, A59, A483, A494, A550, A556, A580, A627(M), A663, A5036, A5103, A5117
No Area 11
12 York­shire & Hum­ber­side Ports Motorways M1, M18, M62, M180, M181, M606, M621, A1, A1(M), A61, A63, A64, A160, A162, A180, A616, A628
13 Cum­bria & parts of Lancashire M6, M55, A7, A66, A585, A590, A595
14 Northum­ber­land, Tyne and Wear, Durham & North Yorkshire A1, A1(M), A19, A66, A66(M), A184, A194(M), A696

There are also additional area numbers for roads managed under a PFI contract. Area 5 is also managed under a PFI contract, but it existed as an area before the contract was signed and kept its area number as a result.

DBFO Area Area Name Roads Include Commencement Date
25 A69 Newcastle to Carlisle A69 April 1996
26 A168/A19 Dishforth to Tyne Tunnel A19, A168, A174, A1053 February 1997
27 M1-A1 Link (Lofthouse to Bramham) M1, A1(M), M62 April 1996
28 A50/A564 Stoke tp Derby A6, A50 (formerly A564) July 1996
29 A1(M) Alconbury to Peterborough A1(M), A14(M) April 1996
30 M40 (J1-15) Denham to Warwick M40 January 1996
31 A417/A419 Swindon to Gloucester A417, A419 April 1996
32 A30/A35 Exeter to Bere Regis A30, A35 October 1996
33 A1 Darrington to Dishforth A1(M) March 2003
34 A249 Stockbury (M2) to Sheerness A249 February 2004

Links



Highways England
RoadsA1 • A1(M) • A1(M)/Alconbury - Peterborough • A1(M)/Blyth - Adwick le Street • A1(M)/South Mimms - Baldock • A1/Adwick le Street - Darrington • A1/Baldock - Alconbury • A1/Birtley - Morpeth • A1/Central London - South Mimms • A1/Leeming - Barton • A1/Morpeth - Dunbar • A1/Peterborough - Blyth • A1033 • A1053 • A1089 • A11 • A12 • A120 • A13 • A138 • A14 • A14(M) • A160 • A162 • A168 • A168(M) • A174 • A180 • A184 • A19 • A194(M) • A195(M) • A2 • A20 • A2070 • A21 • A23 • A24 • A249 • A259 • A26 • A27 • A282 • A292 • A3 • A3(M) • A30 • A30/Bodmin - Redruth • A30/Exeter - Okehampton • A30/Hounslow - Bagshot • A30/Launceston - Bodmin • A30/Okehampton - Launceston • A30/Redruth - Penzance • A30/Upottery - Exeter • A303 • A308(M) • A31 • A3113 • A316 • A34 • A35 • A36 • A38 • A4 • A4/Avonmouth - Bath • A4/Bath - Chippenham • A40 • A40/Central London - Denham • A40/Ross - Abergavenny • A404 • A404(M) • A41 • A414 • A417 • A419 • A42 • A421 • A423 • A428 • A43 • A446 • A449 • A45 • A4510 • A452 • A453 • A458 • A46 • A47 • A483 • A49 • A494 • A5 • A50 • A500 • A5036 • A5103 • A5111 • A5117 • A5148 • A52 • A55 • A550 • A556 • A56 • A57 • A585 • A590 • A6 • A6/Leicester - Derby • A604(M) • A61 • A616 • A627(M) • A628 • A63 • A66 • A66(M) • A663 • A666(M) • A69 • A696 • A74(M) • E05 • E13 • E15 • E18 • E20 • E22 • E24 • E30 • E32 • East Kent Country Tour • High Weald Country Tour • M1 • M11 • M18 • M180 • M181 • M2 • M20 • M23 • M25 • M26 • M27 • M271 • M275 • M3 • M32 • M4 • M4/Airport Spur • M40 • M42 • M45 • M48 • M49 • M5 • M50 • M53 • M54 • M55 • M56 • M57 • M58 • M6 • M60 • M602 • M606 • M61 • M62 • M621 • M65 • M66 • M67 • M69 • Oxford Ring Road • Romney Marsh and Rye Country Tour • T5 Spur • Walton Summit Motorway
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Road Basics
Physical layoutSingle track • Single carriageway • Dual carriageway • High Quality Dual Carriageway • Road Widths • Urban Streets
Legal typesAll-purpose Road • Special Road • Motorway • Trunk road • Principal road • Primary Route • Non Primary Route • Right of Way • Unadopted road
Road numbers1922 Road Lists • Classification • Classified Unnumbered Road • Unclassified • Defunct road • Euroroutes • MoT Maps • National Cycle Network • Numbering principles • Numbering anomalies • Recycled number • Unallocated numbers • Fictional Road Numbers • Junction numbers
Other termsAnderson report • Arterial Road • Automatic Bollard • Balancing Pond • Bus Lane • Bus stop • Bypass • Cannon • Cattle Grid • CD Lanes • Central Reservation • Chopsticks • Crash  Barriers • Cuttings and Embankments • Cycle Lane • Escape lane • Expressway • Fingerpost • Flare • Ford • Green Bridge • Green Wave • Hairpin bend • Hard shoulder • Highway Authority • Island • Layby • Managed Motorways • Motorway alphabet • Multiplex • No-Car Lane • Oxbow Road • Parapet • Park and Ride • Petrol station • Pre-Worboys • Primary Destinations • Ramp Metering • Retaining Wall • Roads by 10 • Road Studs • Roadside Art • Roadworks • SABRE • Safety Cameras • Secret motorway • Smart Motorway • Snow pole • Speed bump • Speed Limit • Spur • Street Lighting • Surface Dressing • Temporary terminus • Throughpass • Tidal Flow • Tiger tail • Toll booth • Traffic cone • Traffic Signals • Transport alphabet • Tunnel • Weaving • Wig-Wag Signals • Worboys report
AcronymsAADT • ANPR • ATM • DfT • GSJ • HA • HATO • HE • HETO • HQDC • LILO • MOVA • NCN • NRA • PTS • PFI • SCOOT • SON • SOX • SRN • TEN-T • TERN • TfL • TII • TOTSO • TRO • TSM • TSRGD • UTC • VAS • VMS • VSL
Roads Policy & Legislation
LegislationRoad Traffic Act 1930 • Trunk Roads Act 1936 • Trunk Roads Act 1946 • Special Roads Act 1949 • Highways Act 1980 • Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 • Road  Traffic Regulation Act 1984 • Transport (Scotland) Act 2005 • Infrastructure Act 2015
Legislation (Ireland)Roads Act 1993 • Roads Act 2007
PolicyRoads for the Future (1969) • Roads For Prosperity (1989) • A New Deal for Trunk Roads in England (1998) • Road Investment Strategy (2014)
Governmental BodiesDepartment for Transport • Highways England • North and Mid Wales Trunk Road Agent • South Wales Trunk Road Agent • Transport Scotland • Transport NI • Transport Infrastructure Ireland • Office of Rail and Road • Transport Focus
Other TermsSection 278 Agreement • Special Road • Protected Road