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Network changes - 1960s

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A list of the changes to the road network in Great Britain from 1960 - 1969. Includes road openings and renumberings.

Road Openings

Year Number on opening Location County Notes
1960 M6 Lancaster Bypass Lancashire The 11.62 mile section from J33 Hampson Green to J35a rejoining A6 north of Carnforth was opened on 11 April 1960 by Dr. Charles Hill, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Contractor was Lancashire firm Sir Lindsay Parkinson and Co. Ltd., tender cost £3,186,388. Total forecast cost was £3.75 million. It had a 112 foot width with dual 24 feet carriageways and 27 bridges. It included the Lune Bridge. The reinforced concrete bridge had a graceful single span of 230 feet over the river. Widening work to add third lanes began in 1966. The spur from J35 Carnforth Interchange to J35a created by the northward extension of M6 was later renumbered as A601(M).
1960 M50 Brockeridge Common (Twyning) - Ross-on-Wye Herefordshire • Worcestershire • Gloucestershire Stage 1 from J1 to J4 was opened on 28 November 1960 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. The 20.5 mile road had cost £5 million and had taken 2.5 years to build. It included the Queenhill Viaduct crossing the River Severn.
1960 M62 Stretford and Eccles Bypass Lancashire First section of Manchester Outer Ring Road. The 6 miles from Chester Road (now M60 J7) to Worsley Interchange (now M60 J13) opened on 28 October 1960. It included the 100 foot high Barton High Level Bridge over the Manchester Ship Canal, then the longest road bridge in the country, which had cost £1.75 million of the £5.2 million project cost. Later renumbered M63 (south of Eccles Interchange) then M60.
1960 A20(M) Maidstone Bypass Kent The 7 mile road opened in two stages. First, on 1 June 1960 was the eastern section from a temporary junction with the then A2011 Forstal Road, west of J6 Sandling to terminate at the J8 Hollingbourne A20 flyover, contractor was Richard Costain Ltd.. The 1.25 mile western section from the A2011 temporary junction to J5 A20 near Royal British Legion Village included the Medway Bridge and opened on 3 December 1960, contractor was Sir Robert McAlpine and Sons Ltd.. It had 24 foot wide dual carriageways, 8 foot hard shoulders and a 13 foot central reservation. There were 15 bridges and 3 pedestrian subways. The Medway Bridge was a 3 span pre-stressed concrete structure, 325 feet long with a central span of 145 feet. Motorway cost was £2.3 million. Later became part of M20.
1960 A1 Stamford Bypass Rutland • Lincolnshire • Northamptonshire The 4 mile dual carriageway between Tickencote and Carpenters Lodge was opened on 31 October 1960 by Ernest Marples, Minister for Transport. There were 3 Grade separated junctions with main roads and a roundabout at each end connecting with the former route through the town. It was the northern part of an 8 mile contract from Tickencote to Wansford costing £1.45million. The northern roundabout was upgraded to a grade separated junction in 1971 and the southern roundabout upgraded to a compact grade separated junction in 2009.
1960 A1 Colsterworth Bypass Lincolnshire Dualling of the original 1926 bypass and a 0.6 mile dual carriageway extension at the north end.
1960 A1 Blyth Bypass Nottinghamshire The 2.75 mile bypass and dualling continuation to Tinker Lane was opened in December 1960. It was later connected in the north to the A1(M) Doncaster Bypass motorway which was opened on 31 July 1961, the junction being a roundabout which was later replaced in 2009 with a dumbbell grade separated junction. The part of the Doncaster Bypass in Nottinghamshire and the whole of the Blyth Bypass was constructed to a Yorkshire West Riding specification in a separate contract to the motorway. The contractors were Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd.
1960 A1 Micklefield Bypass Yorkshire It was described as nearly complete in September 1960 when the adjacent Aberford Bypass tender was granted. Later redesignated to A1(M) in 1999
1960 A1 Wetherby - Allerton Yorkshire Dualling, later renumbered as A168 in 1995 & 2005 when bypassed by A1(M)
1960 A1 Allerton - Boroughbridge Yorkshire Dualling, later renumbered as A168 in 1995 when bypassed by A1(M). Allerton station bridge was not built until 1962 per UK Motorway Archive.
1960 A184 Gateshead - Felling Bypass Durham Stage 2 (final stage) - The 2 mile bypass from the north end of Gateshead High Street to Shields Road, Howarth was opened on 14 March 1960. Gateshead Borough Council were responsible for this section to the Durham County Council boundary, cost £840,000. It is unclear what number was given on opening to the section of Gateshead Highway (formerly East Street). This was later renumbered A1 then A167.
1960 A23 Pease Pottage Bypass Sussex Opened by Easter 1960. There were now 7 miles of continuous dual carriageway from Crawley Bypass to Bolney Common.
1960 A46 Thurmaston Bypass Leicestershire The 1 mile dual carriageway between Humberstone Lane (then B6416) to the junction with Barkby Thorpe Road was opened on 1 October 1960. Temporary zebra crossings were provided and a temporary 40 mph speed limit imposed until the 2 pedestrian footbridges were completed later. Cost £250,000. Now part of A607.
1960 A426 Brownsover Bypass Rugby Warwickshire The 1.3 mile dual carriageway was opened on 10 November 1960. One carriageway had been in use since 15 August 1960. Cost £215,000.
1960 A449 Ross-on-Wye Bypass Herefordshire The 1.5 mile dual carriageway between Travellers Rest and Wilton Roundabout was opened on 3 September 1960. This was prior to the M50 opening from Travellers Rest on 28 November 1960. It had taken 2.5 years to construct and cost £860,000. It included the Bridstow Bridge over the River Wye with a 203 foot centre span and 75 foot approach spans. Later renumbered A40.
1960 A51 Lichfield Staffordshire Western Bypass opened in May 1960. Estimated cost £127,000.
1960 A556 Northwich Bypass Cheshire Stage 3 - the 2 mile dual carriageway eastern section between King Street, Broken Cross and the Manchester Road just past Lostock Gralam was opened on 2 December 1960 by Lord Chesham, Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Transport. It had two 24 foot carriageways and a minimum overall width of 78 feet. Cost £495,000. It was the final stage of the 7.5 mile bypass.
1961 M4 Maidenhead bypass Buckinghamshire • Berkshire The 6 mile section from J7 Huntercombe Spur to J9b Maidenhead Thicket was opened on 26 June 1961. There was mention of a planned temporary opening of a 3 mile section for Easter 1961. It was a twin lane dual carriageway and cost £2.75 million. Bray Bridge was the first permanent bridge to be put over the River Thames since the war. The bridge had a main span of 270 feet and was 100 feet wide to include cycle tracks and footpaths as well as the carriageways. It was known as A4(M) until just prior to opening. The section from J8/9 Holyport to J9b was renumbered as A423(M) following the westwards extension of M4 in 1971, and later as A404(M).
1961 A1(M) Doncaster Bypass Yorkshire • Nottinghamshire The 12.5 mile motorway, the first part of A1 to be A1(M) was opened on 31 July 1961 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. It completed the 27 mile diversion of the A1 from Markham Moor to Red House, north of Doncaster - bypassing Retford. Bawtry and Doncaster. The largest of the bridges was over the River Don. This was a seven span dual structure with an overall length of 760 feet. The span over the river was made up of a 100 foot suspended span on two 40 foot cantilevers. The contractors were Cubitts-Fitzpatrick-Shand. The Doncaster Bypass and the adjacent 2.5 mile Blyth Bypass to the south, cost £6million.
1961 A1 Biggleswade Bypass Bedfordshire The 3 mile dual carriageway bypass opened on 4 August 1961. It had roundabouts each end, both of which survive to date. The contractor was Sydney Green and Sons (Contractors) Ltd. They completed the road in time to open before the August Bank Holiday but subsequently were instructed to improve the existing carriageway on the northern section, which was not in the original contract. This was completed by September 1962.
1961 A1 Redhouse - Wentbridge Yorkshire Dualling
1961 A1 Wentbridge Bypass Yorkshire The 2 mile dual carriageway opened at the end of November 1961. It was constructed by Taylor Woodrow Construction Ltd and work had began in October 1959. Tender cost was £741,807. Carriageways were 24 feet wide with 12 feet verges. The main feature was the Wentbridge Viaduct over the valley of the River Went. This was 470 feet long and 100 feet high. The pre-stressed concrete bridge was supported on two pairs of raking legs which had spans of over 300 feet at ground level but sloped to divide the viaduct deck into a centre span of 190 feet and two side spans of 140 feet each.
1961 A1 Wentbridge - Ferrybridge Yorkshire Dualling
1961 A1 Leeming Bypass Yorkshire The 3.5 mile dual carriageway bypass opened on 18 October 1961, costing £1million. It is possible that a single carriageway opened earlier. Upgraded to A1(M) in 2012.
1961 A1 Pity Me and Framwellgate Moor Durham 1.4 mile single carriageway. Later renumbered A167
1961 A30 Staines Bypass Middlesex • Buckinghamshire • Surrey The 2 mile dual carriageway was opened on 17 November 1961 by John Hay, Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. It included the new Runnymede Bridge over River Thames. Contractor was Richard Costain (Civil Engineering) Ltd., cost £2 million. The section between M25 J13 Runnymede Interchange and Runnymede Roundabout later incorporated M25.
1961 A34 A43 Oxford Ring Road Berkshire • Oxfordshire Western Bypass - Botley (A420) to Kidlington (A423, later renumbered as A4260). The 3.5 mile dual carriageway was opened on 22 November 1961. Cost £1.5 million. It included the 850 foot long Wolvercote Viaduct with 12 spans crossing the A40, Oxford Canal and a railway line. The A43 section north of Peartree Interchange was later renumbered as A4260.
1961 A35 A377 Clyst St. Mary Bypass Devon The 0.4 mile road had opened by August 1961. Costing £140,000, it included the crossing of the River Clyst valley. The eastern section was later renumbered as A3052. A short section on the Exmouth road was also built, later renumbered A376.
1961 A38 Plymouth Devon Opening of Tamar Bridge
1961 A38 Red Cross Hill Diversion Devon The 0.6 mile dual carriageway from the north end of the Kennford Bypass to Peamore was opened in early 1961. Work started on the £95,000 scheme at the end of August 1960 and was expected to take at least 6 months. Earth from the 45 feet deep cut of the hill was taken and used on the Clyst St Mary Bypass construction. The southern part was later taken in the Wobbly Wheel junction rebuild. The remaining northern section was renumbered A379.
1961 A374 Landrake Bypass Cornwall The 0.75 mile road was opened between March and September 1961. The carriageway was 24 foot wide. Later renumbered A38.
1961 A4 Hammersmith, London Middlesex Opening of Hammersmith Flyover
1961 A4150 Wolverhampton Inner Ring Road Stage I Staffordshire Ring Road St. John's
1961 A533 Runcorn - Widnes Cheshire • Lancashire Opening of the Runcorn Bridge, later renamed as Silver Jubilee Bridge in 1977 to celebrate Queen's Silver Jubilee
1961 A63 North Ferriby - Kingston Upon Hull Yorkshire North Ferriby & Hessle Bypass
1961 A74 Lesmahagow - Happendon Lanarkshire Dualling, later renumbered as B7078 in 1987
1961 A77 Monkton - Whitletts Ayrshire Prestwick Bypass
1962 M5 Lydiate Ash - Strensham Worcestershire The first stage from J4 to J8 was opened on 20 July 1962 by Lord Chesham, Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. The 27.25 mile road cost £8 million and had taken 2.25 years to build. It had 5 access points and 67 bridges and major culverts. Worcestershire County Council was the agent authority for its construction. A novel feature was that prior to the opening the official party's cars used both carriageways to head north to the opening ceremony at Lydiate Ash.
1962 M50 Strensham - Brockeridge Common (Twyning) Gloucestershire • Worcestershire Stage 2 to connect J1 to M5 J8 was opened on 20 July 1962, the same day as the adjoining M5 section opened. The 1.5 mile section completed the M50.
1962 M6 Stafford Bypass Staffordshire The 4.75 mile section from J13 Dunston to J14 Creswell was opened on 2 August 1962 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport although a 2 1/2 year old boy at the ceremony nearly "cut" the blue ribbon across the motorway first! Contractor was John Laing and Son with a tender cost of £2.68 million. The total cost was £3.876 million and included the half mile long Creswell Viaduct over the Sow valley constructed by J. L. Keir and Co.. Two radio-controlled ambulances and rescue vehicles fitted with flood lights and fire, resuscitation, and lifting equipment patrolled the road continuously after opening.
1962 M6 Creswell - Hanchurch Staffordshire The 11.25 mile northward extension from J14 to J15 was opened on 19 December 1962 by Alderman J.P. Amery, Chairman of Staffordshire County Council. Cost £4 million.
1962 A1(M) Stevenage - Welwyn Hertfordshire The original Stevenage Bypass from J6 to J8 was opened on 26 July 1962 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. The 7.5 mile road cost £2 million. Roundabouts where constructed at each end.
1962 A1 Girtford and Sandy Bypass Bedfordshire Work started 2 January 1961 per Hansard written answer. It was under construction on OS Half inch map revised April 1962 and open on 1963 OS Quarter inch map. It may have opened in early 1963.
1962 A1 Tempsford Bypass Bedfordshire The section from just north of Tempsford Bridge (south of A428 Black Cat Roundabout) to Girtford (Sandy) was in progress in June 1961 per Hansard and was included on the April 1962 revision of the OS Quarter inch map. It may have been completed in late 1961. It included a second bridge over the River Ouse north of Tempsford and the half mile long Tempsford Bypass. The new bridge became the southbound carriageway and the old Tempsford Bridge built in 1820 became the northbound carriageway, retaining the bends either side.
1962 A1 Buckden Bypass Huntingdonshire The 1.5 mile dual carriageway opened on 25 October 1962, costing £400,000. One of the carriageways had been open since September 1962. It was from Buckden Railway Bridge to just south of the B661 junction to the south of the village. The railway had by then closed and the underbridge built for the original railway line was utilised to provide a Grade Separated Junction with the A141 from Brampton. This new section connected with previously opened dual carriageways either side to create a continuous 7 mile section of dual carriageway.
1962 A1 Grantham Bypass Lincolnshire The 6.3 mile dual carriageway between Little Ponton and Gonerby Moor was opened on 10 October 1962 by the Earl of Lancaster, cost £2million. Newspaper reports say that the road, nearing completion, was to be opened over the August Bank Holiday to relieve congestion.
1962 A1 Brotherton Bypass Yorkshire The £468,203 contract was awarded in February 1960 to Harbour and General Works Ltd of Gateshead. Work commenced shortly after. Later renumbered as A162 & A1246 when bypassed by A1(M) 2006
1962 A249 Detling Bypass Kent Opened August 1962 per a later Thanet Times article. The 2 mile road from M20 Maidstone Bypass to the Castle Hill junction had dual 24 foot carriageways. For the climb up Detling Hill a new separate carriageway at a higher level was built, with the existing road used for the southbound carriageway. Forecast cost £363,000.
1962 A380 Waddon Brakes Diversion Devon A new 0.75 mile cut from B3192 Ashcombe Cross to south of the Fiddler's Elbow bend (north of Newton Abbot) was opened by October 1962. This together with 0.75 miles of the existing B3192 between Thorn's Cross and Ashcombe Cross formed the new A380. The old road at Waddon Brakes was initially closed, with two way traffic using the new road. The dual carriageway running on the old and new roads came later.
1962 A38 Lydiate Ash Link Road Worcestershire A new 0.4 mile dual carriageway link from M5 J4 (opened 20 July 1962) to Spring Pools to join the existing A38 to Rubery which had already been dualled.
1962 A38 Alrewas - Wychnor Staffordshire Dualling
1962 A38 Wychnor - Barton Turn Staffordshire Dualling
1962 A465 Abergavenny Bypass Monmouthshire The 3 mile road opened on 3 August 1962, the first section of the "Heads of the Valleys road". Contractor was Messrs. John Morgan (Builders) Ltd. and cost £700,000. It had a 33 foot wide single carriageway and also bypassed Llanfoist and Govilon. The River Usk was crossed by a post-tensioned, pre-stressed concrete bridge with a centre span on 120 feet and side spans of 40 feet, with 2 groups of six V shaped supports.
1962 A494 Queensferry Bypass Flintshire The 1.5 mile dual carriageway from Higher Shotton (adjacent to Dee View) to A548 at Drome Corner, north-east of Garden City, was opened on 2 March 1962 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport who cut the big white tape across the road at 12.40. He then spent the next 5 minutes in the middle of a surging crowd chopping the ribbon into pieces with his silver scissors and handing the bits out to bystanders as souvenirs. It included the 3 span Dee Bridge, then known as Queensferry Bridge. Carriageways were 24 feet. It superceded the adjacent single carriageway The Blue Bridge, a former bascule bridge built in 1926, which was renumbered to B5441.
1962 A5006 M6 J15 Hanchurch - Hanford Staffordshire Potteries D Road stage 1. The 1.1 mile dual carriageway opened on 19 December 1962, the same day as the M6 extension from J14 to J15 opening. Carriageways were 25 feet wide with a 15 foot central reservation. Contractor was Percy Bilton Ltd, tender cost £377,093. Later renumbered A500.
1962 A6 South Mimms Bypass Middlesex • Hertfordshire The 1.5 mile road was to be opened on 26 July 1962 by John Hay, Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. It completed nearly 13 miles of dual carriageway on one of the main approaches to London from the M1 (via M10 spur). Also included was a 0.4 mile diversion of A1081 to the southern roundabout, south of the original Bignells Corner. Contractor was John Laing, cost £0.5 million. Later converted to M25.
1962 A74 Abington - Crawford Lanarkshire Crawford and Abington Bypass and Dualling was opened on 9 March 1962. The 6 mile road cost £750,000. The Abington Bypass was later upgraded to A74(M) and the southern section and Crawford Bypass renumbered as A702 and reverted to single carriageway.
1962 A74 Beattock - Lockerbie Dumfriesshire Dualling, later renumbered as B7076 as single carriageway in 1990s
1962 A74 Lockerbie - Ecclefechan Dumfriesshire Dualling, later renumbered as B7076 as single carriageway in 1990s
1962 A78 Kilwinning Bypass Ayrshire The 2 mile dual carriageway was opened on either 24 or 31 August 1962 by Daniel Sim, County Convener. Cost £500,000 excluding land and compensation charges.
1962 A985 Torryburn bypass Fife The 3 mile road was opened on 29 June 1962 by R. Brooman-White, Joint Parliamentary Under-secretary of State. Old road became B9037
1963 M2 Park Pale, Cobham - Stockbury Kent 12.65 mile first section from J1 to J5 was opened on 29 May 1963 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. The twin lane dual carriageway cost £16 million. It included the original Medway Bridge which was 3,272 feet long with a 500 foot main span, then the longest pre-stressed concrete span in the world.
1963 M2 Stockbury - Perry Court, Faversham Kent 10.6 mile extension from J5 to J6 was opened on 26 July 1963. A twin lane dual carriageway.
1963 M2 Perry Court, Faversham - Brenley Corner Kent 1.7 mile final section of the Medway Towns Bypass from J6 to J7 was opened on 6 September 1963. A twin lane dual carriageway. Contractor was John Laing.
1963 M4 Slough Bypass Buckinghamshire The 5.5 mile section from J5 Langley to J7 Huntercombe Intersection, which connected to the Maidenhead bypass, was opened on 9 April 1963 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. It had dual 24 foot carriageways, 10 foot wide hard shoulders and a 13 foot central reservation. There were 11 bridges. Contractors were Richard Costain (Civil Engineering) Ltd. and Higgs and Hill Ltd. with tender price of £4.1 million.
1963 M5 Almondsbury Roundabout - Cribbs Causeway Gloucestershire The first Bristol section of 2.25 miles from J16 to J17 was opened on 31 May 1963 by Alderman Major E.E. Mealing, Chairman of Gloucestershire Highway Committee. It was built under the Gloucestershire County Council Special Road Scheme 1962, No.1 Order and later additional Orders. The OS 1 inch map revised in 1963 shows it as M5. cost £750,000. It was built as a replacement Filton Bypass, the original bypass having closed on 5 February 1947 due to the expansion of Filton Aerodrome.
1963 M6 Lymm - Bamber Bridge Cheshire • Lancashire The southward 28 mile extension between J20 to J29 was opened on 29 July 1963 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. It included the 1 mile spur at J25 Bryn to join A49 and the Thelwall Viaduct.
1963 M6 Hanchurch - Lymm Staffordshire • Cheshire The 33 mile section from J15 to J20 was opened on 15 November 1963 by Ernest Marples, Minister of Transport. It linked the two adjoining sections creating an 86 mile continuous motorway from the Stafford Bypass to the Preston Bypass. Cost was £19 million. 10 million tons of earth were moved in the construction by 3,680 workers. The Press were given a tour by coach on the 12th, prior to opening, and at least one reporter had a car drive on it as well. Contractors were: Hanchurch - Barthomley, John Laing Construction Ltd; Barthomley - Holmes Chapel, Sir Lindsay Parkinson and Co. Ltd.; Holmes Chapel - Lymm, Tarmac Civil Engineering Ltd. A brick bearing the date 1791 from a demolished cottage was incorporated into a bridge - it could cause confusion to future archeologists.
1963 A1 Boroughbridge Bypass Yorkshire The 4 mile dual carriageway was opened on 22 November 1963 by the Chairman of North Riding Council. Work started in Summer 1961 and forecast cost was £1.6million. This Western bypass was first proposed in 1951 when the 1938 Eastern bypass proposals were scrapped. Later renumbered as A168 as single carriageway when bypassed by A1(M) in 1995
1963 A1 Aberford Bypass Yorkshire The £690,707 contract was awarded in September 1960 to Dowsett Engineering Construction Co. Ltd. of Gateshead. The 2.5 mile road had dual 24 foot carriageways, a 15 foot central reservation, widening to 30 foot at junctions, and two 12 foot grass verges. It included flyover junctions with A642 Wakefield Road and A656 Castleford Road. The work was expected to be completed by August 1962 so it possibly opened in 1962. Later renumbered as A1(M) in 1999.
1963 A355 Slough Bypass Link Buckinghamshire A half mile dual carriageway extension of Tuns lane linked A4, west of the town, to M4 J6. The Slough Bypass motorway opened on 9 April 1963. There was no southern extension from J6 until the Windsor and Eton Relief Road in 1966.
1963 A40 Wilton Roundabout - Goodrich Cross Herefordshire A 4 mile online dualling. The new carriageway had been completed in September 1962, then work started on reconstructing the existing road. Cost £600,000. The hardness of the sandstone rock meant that the 70 foot cutting at Glewstone Boat took 4 months to blast out.
1963 A41 Albrighton Bypass Shropshire The 2.75 mile road cost £1.25million.
1963 A4150 Wolverhampton Inner Ring Road Stage II Staffordshire Ring Road St. Mark's. Northern terminus was at Salop Street
1963 A5 Atherstone Bypass Warwickshire The 2 mile dual carriageway was opened on 16 December 1963 by Ald. Sir William Dugdale. The contractor was A. Monk and Co. and cost £600,000. Carriageways were 24 foot wide and there were 8 bridges.
1963 A63 Welton - North Ferriby Yorkshire Melton Bypass
1963 A74 Beattock Dumfriesshire Beattock Bypass, later renumbered as A701 as single carriageway in 1999
1963 A739 Govan - Whitenich, Glasgow Lanarkshire Opening of Clyde Tunnel
1963 A80 Castlecary-Dunipace Stirlingshire Denny Bypass, now M80
1964 M1 Crick - Lutterworth Northamptonshire • Leicestershire 7.5 mile extension from J18 to J20 opened 1 October 1964. Cost £5 million
1964 M8 Harthill Bypass West Lothian The 4.21 mile motorway from Whitburn temporary junction on A8, 35 yards west of the A706, to a temporary junction 0.6 miles east of the current J5 Shotts Interchange was opened on 20 November 1964 by E,G, Willis, Secretary of State for Scotland. A further 0.88 mile section of the contract to include J5 Shotts Interchange, and a short bypass on A8 at Hurst was to open later. Contractor was Whatlings Ltd, Glasgow, total contract cost £2.1 million.
1964 A58(M) Westgate - Claypit Lane,Leeds Yorkshire Leeds Inner Ring Road Phase 1
1964 A1 Newark Bypass Nottinghamshire The 6 mile dual carriageway was opened by Ernest Marples on 27th July 1964 and ran from North Muskham to Balderton/Fernwood at the southern end of London Road.
1964 A1 Brotherton - Micklefield Yorkshire Dualling, Later renumbered as A1246 as single carriageway & A63 when bypassed by A1(M) in 2006
1964 A1 Alconbury Bypass Huntingdonshire The 2 mile long dual carriageway opened on 21 December 1964 at a cost of £1.25 million. It completed a 33 mile section almost entirely of dual carriageways from north of St Neots to Stamford. It was renumbered as A1(M) in 1998.
1964 A38 Barton Turn - Branston Staffordshire Dualling
1964 A4 Keynsham Somerset Keynsham Bypass
1964 A40 Wheatley Bypass Oxfordshire The contract for the 3.5 mile dual carriageway was issued to John Laing (Construction) Ltd. in 1962, price £1 million. Carriageways were 24 feet wide and there were 4 bridges and 3 culverts. Work was to be completed within 2 years. An undated Oxford Mail report stated that the village bypass would be open in July but there was single lane operation at the Holton and Thame Turns with work not being completed until the Autumn. Possibly the road opened in 1963. Cost was increased by the use of experimental work on road materials by the Road Research Laboratory. The 1 mile section east of the A418 Thame Turn was later converted to M40.
1964 A48 Newport Monmouthshire George Street Bridge, later downgraded to B4237
1964 A456 Halesowen Bypass extension Worcestershire The 0.5 mile dual carriageway between A459 and the current B4043 Manor Lane had been opened by September 1964. The A456 was rerouted up Manor Lane to Quinton until the link roads and M5 Junction 3 was opened on 19 November 1965.
1964 A460 Cannock Staffordshire The 0.75 mile Wolverhampton Road bypass (Avon Road) opened on 31 July 1964. Cost £60,000. Later renumbered as A4601.
1964 A50 Groby bypass Leicestershire
1964 A51 Great Haywood bypass Staffordshire 1.75 mile bypass opened 24 April 1964. Cost £383,000.
1964 A52 Sandiacre and Stapleford Bypass Derbyshire • Nottinghamshire The 5.25 mile dual carriageway from the Borrowash Bypass at Hopwell Firs to Bramcote was opened 21 December 1964 by Lord Lindgren, Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Transport. It included the 3 level Sandiacre Interchange in advance of the M1, which was under construction. Contractor was M.J. Gleeson (Contractors) Ltd., cost £2 million.
1964 A500 M6 J16 Barthomley - A34 Talke Staffordshire Potteries D Road stage 2. The 3.5 mile dual carriageway opened on 15 May 1964. Width was 88 feet with dual 24 foot carriageways and a 15 foot central reservation. It had one interim junction with Alsager Road. Contractor was Percy Bilton Ltd, tender cost £1.65 million, total cost £1.78 million. M6 had opened previously on 15 November 1963.
1964 A74 Mossband Cumberland Mossband Viaduct, but demolished in 2008 by M6
1964 A896 Shieldaig - Annat Ross-shire Balgy Gap; also re-numbering of B857 and B858 to A896
1964 A90 Forth Road Bridge West Lothian • Fife The Bridge and adjacent roads from Echline Junction to Ferrytoll Junction were opened on 4 September 1964 by H.M. Queen Elizabeth. The span of 3,300 feet then made it the longest span in Europe. Cost £20 million. The Queen and her entourage did not have to pay a toll. Later renumbered as A9000.
1964 A90, M90, A823(M) Inverkeithing to Duloch Fife Inverkeithing Bypass & Scotland's first motorway from J1 to a temporary terminus on the then A90 between junctions 2 and 3.
1965 M1 Lutterworth - Markfield Leicestershire 18 mile extension from J20 to J22 opened 22 January 1965 by Tom Fraser, Minister of Transport. It included the half mile spur from J21 to A46 initially known as A46(M)
1965 M1 Markfield - Kegworth Leicestershire 11 mile extension from J22 to J24 opened 3 December 1965 by Supt. Reginald Antill, head of Leicester Police Traffic Department in the absence of an official opening. It included 2 flood relief viaducts, 21 bridges and climbed to over 700 feet through Charnwood Forest. Contractor was Sir Robert McAlpine and Sons Ltd., cost £6.5 million.
1965 M4 Chiswick - Langley, Slough Middlesex • Buckinghamshire The 11 mile eastward extension from J1 to J5 was opened on 24 March 1965 by Tom Fraser, Minister of Transport. It included the Heathrow Airport Spur and incorporated the previously built Chiswick Flyover. The dual two lane Chiswick viaduct at almost 2 miles was the longest viaduct in Europe. It also had the longest stretch of heated road in Britain and 200 miles of cables were used in the heating panels. For the first time it was necessary to impose a speed limit on a motorway due to the winding section between Chiswick and Boston Manor Road - 40mph for just over a mile west of Chiswick flyover then 50mph for the next 1.5 miles where the road became three lanes. Contractors were Richard Costain (Civil Engineering) Ltd. and Higgs and Hill Ltd. for Boston Manor to and including the Heathrow Spur; Holland, Hannen and Cubitts onwards to Langley. Cost £19 million.
1965 M5 Quinton - Lydiate Ash Worcestershire The 6 mile section from J3 to J4 was opened on 19 November 1965 by Tom Fraser, Minister of Transport. Cost £4.5 million. The A456 link roads connecting to J3 were opened on the same day.
1965 M6 Preston to Lancaster Lancashire The 13.5 mile section from J32 Broughton Interchange to J33 Hampson Green connected the Preston and Lancaster Bypasses and was opened on 29 January 1965 by Tom Fraser, Minister of Transport. It increased the continuous length of the M6 to 111 miles. Broughton Interchange was the first three-level interchange to be completed on a British motorway. The other outstanding feature was the restaurant and roof terrace atop the tower at Forton Services, the top being 100 feet high. 44 bridges were constructed of which none were identical. The road surface was concrete. Tender cost was £9.5 million and full cost was expected to be over £11 million.
1965 M8 Harthill Bypass extension Lanarkshire The extension from the temporary junction, 0.6 miles east of the current J5, to J5 Shotts Interchange and the connecting roads to the B7057 and the unclassified road that was later numbered B7066 was opened on 1 December 1965. Contractor was Whatlings Ltd.
1965 A1(M) Darlington Bypass Yorkshire • Durham The 10.5 miles from Barton to Aycliffe opened on 14 May 1965.
1965 A66(M) Darlington Spur Yorkshire The entire motorway from A1(M) J57 to Blackwell opened on 14 May 1965.
1965 A1 Aberford to Wetherby Yorkshire Dualling, later renumbered as minor road & A168 as single carriageway when bypassed by A1(M) in 1999 & 2009
1965 A12 Brentwood Bypass Essex The 4.75 mile dual carriageway opened on 26 November 1965. Cost £4 million.
1965 A34 Newbury Inner Relief Road Berkshire Stage 2 - the North-South 1 mile dual carriageway from A4 Western Avenue to St John's Road (the existing St John's Road was used to regain the A34 southbound). There are newspaper reports about the road in November 1965 and it first appears on the 1966 OS Route Planning map. Renumbered A339 when Newbury Bypass opened in 1998.
1965 A38 Rubery Bypass Worcestershire The mile long dual carriageway was fully opened on 25 November 1965. The northbound carriageway had been in use since 8 November 1965. Contractor was Cubar Construction Co. Ltd. and contract cost £424,829.
1965 A380 Ideford Arch Diversion Devon The mile long road north of Newton Abbot was opened on 21 April 1965 by H.B. Webber, Devon Southern Divisional Roads Committee Chairman. This formed the new northbound carriageway with the existing twisting road used as the southbound carriageway. The carriageway was 24 feet wide with a 33 foot section to provide a crawler lane on the steeper section. Cost £130,000.
1965 A48 Cowbridge Bypass Glamorgan The 2.5 mile road was opened on 27 September 1965 by Councillor and Mrs Glyn McNeil, Mayor and Mayoress of Corbridge. It had 24 foot dual carriageways within an 88 foot width, and a 15 span 1,500 foot long viaduct over the Thaw valley at a height of between 20 and 45 feet. Contractor was Sir Robert McAlpine and Sons (South Wales) Ltd., cost £1.4 million.
1965 A449 Worcester Northern Link Road Worcestershire The 3 mile spur from A449 at Claines to M5 Junction 6 Warndon was opened on 12 April 1965 by Stephen Swingler, Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. It had dual 24 foot carriageways, a 15 foot wide central reservation and 4 foot 6in hard margins. Contractor was Cubar Construction Co. Ltd. and cost £2 million.
1965 A456 Quinton Interchange Link Roads Worcestershire The 2 mile dual carriageway connecting Quinton and the Halesowen Bypass extension (from the current B4043 Manor Lane) to M5 Junction 3 was opened on 19 November 1965 by Tom Fraser, Minister of Transport. It had dual 24 foot carriageways, a 15 foot wide central reservation and included an underpass at Hagley Road West.
1965 A494 Queensferry - Ewloe Flintshire From the end of the Queensferry Bypass (adjacent to Dee View) to a new large roundabout in Ewloe with connecting roads. 1.3 mile dual carriageway, each 24 foot wide, with two 8 foot verges and one 6 foot footpath. Contractor was Broderick and Ryan Ltd., forecast cost £450,000.
1965 A614 Nottingham Outer Ring Road Nottinghamshire 6th section. Clifton Boulevard, south part opened from the current A6005 Beeston Road at Dunkirk to the A606 Melton Road at Edwalton. It incorporated Clifton Bridge. Only 1/2 mile, north of the bridge, was dual carriageway. Currently numbered A52
1965 A74 Lockerbie Dumfriesshire Lockerbie Bypass, later renumbered as B7076 as single carriageway in 1995
1965 A85 North Inchmichael - Longforgan Perthshire Dualling, later renumbered to A90 in 1994
1965 A876 Bonnybridge and Larbert Bypass Stirlingshire The dual carriageway was opened on 13 October 1965 from A80 Denny Bypass to North Broomage Roundabout by Dr J Dickson Mabon, Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Scottish Office. Cost £1 million. It was upgraded to M876 on 22 May 1974.
1966 M1 Kegworth - Sandiacre Leicestershire • Derbyshire 5.25 mile extension from J24 to J25 opened 25 May 1966. The bridge over the River Trent (126 feet navigable channel width) and 1.5 miles of viaducts across the flood plain cost £600,000. The Trent Bridge was a cantelever and suspended span structure in reinforced concrete with a total length of 498 feet. Scheme cost £4.25 million. Contractors were Sir Robert McAlpine and Sons Ltd. south of the Trent, Brims and Co. Ltd. for Trent bridge and viaducts, and George Wimpey and Co. Ltd. for north of the Trent.
1966 M1 Sandiacre - Nuthall Nottinghamshire 6 mile extension from J25 to J26 opened 25 August 1966.
1966 M1 Brockley Hill - Berrygrove, Aldenham Middlesex • Hertfordshire 4 mile extension from J4 to J5 opened 28 October 1966 by Claude Barker,County Alderman. Cost £4.5 million
1966 M4 Hambrook, Bristol - Aust Gloucestershire The 7.5 mile section from J19 to the then J21 (later renumbered J1 of M48) was opened to traffic on 9 September 1966 along with Severn Bridge and the Hambrook Spur (the then temporary eastern terminus of M4). Almondsbury Interchange had also been constructed and the M4 through the interchange and connecting roads to A38 Almondsbury Roundabout and the short southbound section of M5 were opened.
1966 M4 Severn Bridge & Wye Bridge Gloucestershire • Monmouthshire The 2.8 miles from the then J21 (now J1 of M48) Aust to J22 (now J2 of M48) Newhouse, Chepstow was opened on 8 September 1966 by Queen Elizabeth II and to traffic on 9 September 1966 (along with the eastwards section to Hambrook, Bristol). Severn Bridge was the 7th longest in the world and 3rd in Europe when built and Wye Bridge had the 5th longest span in Britain. Renumbered M48 in 1996.
1966 M4 Hambrook Spur Gloucestershire The 0.6 mile spur from J19 Hambrook Interchange to Frenchay Interchange at Hambrook (now J1 of M32) provided the only eastern access to M4 when the Hambrook to Chepstow section opened on 9 September 1966 (the M4 was extended eastwards from Hambrook Interchange on 16 December 1966). The spur became the northern section of M32 when it was extended towards Bristol in 1970.
1966 M4 Tormarton - Hambrook, Bristol Gloucestershire The 7.75 mile eastwards extension from J18 to J19 was opened on 16 December 1966 by Stephen Swingler, Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Transport. In his speech he said that there was no reason why a motorway had to be an ugly thing. He was sure that when the M4 was completed between Bristol and London it would be a thing of beauty and a pleasure to drive on. Joint contractors were Sir Alfred McAlpine and Son Ltd. and Leonard Fairclough Ltd., tender price £5.25 million.
1966 M5 Almondsbury Interchange - Almondsbury Roundabout Gloucestershire The slip roads between J15 (J20 of M4) and J16 were opened on 9 September 1966.
1966 M6 Laney Green (Shareshill) - Dunston Staffordshire The 8.25 mile southward extension between J11 to J13 was opened on 14 March 1966. A previous notice in The Gazette with an opening date of 28 February 1966 had been superceded, the later opening date being due to bad weather delays. Cost was £5.5 million.
1966 M6 Bentley (Darlaston) - Laney Green (Shareshill) Staffordshire The 5.5 mile southward extension between J10 to J11 was opened on 15 September 1966. It was reported that the road had been constructed for a further mile southwards ending before the Wednesbury Road where a bridge was required. A temporary line of rubber cones formed the barrier to stop motorists carrying on towards Darlaston. Inspector Brazier explained "if motorists do miss the turn off and hit the cones they do not cause any damage to themselves and the motorist knows they have gone to far and has to turn back"! Tender cost was £5 million and special problems included 78 abandoned mine shafts and other shallow workings necessitating a semi-flexible road surface and filling in beneath the foundations of 20 of the bridges.
1966 M74 Bothwell - Larkhall Lanarkshire Present J5 to J8
1966 A48(M) Port Talbot Bypass Glamorgan The 4.4 mile motorway from Groes Roundabout to Baglan Roundabout was fully opened on 22 July 1966 by Cledwyn Hughes, Secretary of State for Wales. The 1.5 mile westbound carriageway from Pentyla to Baglan Roundabout had opened in December 1965 and was the first motorway in Wales. Eastbound traffic still used existing roads. Contractor was A.E. Farr Ltd. and cost £5 million. Also described as the first wholly urban motorway in Britain, it included a 1,300 yard elevated section. Later became part of M4.
1966 A1 North Muskham - Carlton Nottinghamshire Dualling, including Cromwell Bypass.
1966 A1 Ranby - Blyth Nottinghamshire Dualling
1966 A12 Stratford St Mary Bypass Essex • Suffolk The 2 mile dual carriageway opened on 5 August 1966.
1966 A149 King's Lynn Eastern Bypass Norfolk 3.8 mile single carriageway road from Knights Hill Roundabout to Hardwick Roundabout. Shown on 1966 OS Route Planner. Under construction on February 1966 OS Quarter inch map.
1966 A20 Swanley Bypass Kent A 2.7 mile dual carriageway. An advert on 8 July 1966 for a Brands Hatch event stated "New Swanley Bypass now open". It first appears on the November 1966 OS Route Planning map. 0.4 mile at the eastern end later became part of M20.
1966 A21 Sevenoaks Bypass Kent Section 1 from Polhill (the northern junction) to the junction at Morant's Court Road was opened on 4 August 1966. The 1967 OS Route Planning map (revised November 1966) shows an extension to A25 Westerham Road.
1966 A30 Honiton Bypass Devon The 2.2 mile dual carriageway was opened on 12 December 1966 by Barbara Castle, Minister of Transport. It had taken 2 years to build and cost £900,000.
1966 A34 East Ilsley Bypass Berkshire The 1.2 mile dual carriageway opened at the end of August 1966.
1966 A332, A355, A308 Windsor and Eton Relief Road Buckinghamshire • Berkshire The 3 mile dual carriageway from Slough Road to Alma Road, and link to M4 J6, opened on 11 July 1966. It had 8 bridges, 2 grade separated junctions, 3 subways and 3 roundabouts. Cost £4.5 million. Queen Elizabeth Bridge, over the River Thames, was 461 foot long and had 3 spans with a central span of 175 feet. Width was 82 feet. Contractor was Higgs and Hill, London, cost £328,000.
1966 A449 Bastonford Bypass Worcestershire Work on the construction of the 0.7 mile road started in 1965 and was due to be completed in Summer 1966. Contractor was Peter Lind and Co. Ltd. and cost £250,000.
1966 A465 Tredegar Bypass Brecknockshire • Glamorgan The 4 mile road from Rhymney Bridge (Llechryd) to Beaufort was opened on 26 September 1966 by Ifor Davies, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Wales. It was the final section of the "Heads of the Valleys road" between Hirwaun and Abergavenny. The alignment of the closed Dowlais to Abergavenny railway line was used for the 6 miles of this section and westwards to Dowlais. The eastern mile of the road was later renumbered A4281.
1966 A4114 Allesley Bypass Warwickshire Pickford Way. The 0.7 mile road from the Holyhead Road/ Allesley Old Road junction to a new GSJ on A45 Coventry Bypass was opened on 3 October 1966. It had dual 24 foot carriageways and a 50 foot central reservation containing the culverted Pickford Brook after which the road was named. It included an unclassified link (Rye Hill) from the GSJ to the village and the previous westerly A45 Windmill Hill roundabout was closed. Contractor was Turriff Construction (Warwick) Ltd., cost £668,000.
1966 A5 Wall Bypass Staffordshire Opened March 1966 as single carriageway road. The second carriageway to make the dual carriageway was opened 27 June 1967.
1966 A610 Nuthall Nottinghamshire 0.5 mile dual carriageway spur from A610 to J26 M1 opened 25 August 1966 at the same time as the M1 was extended to J26. Later to form eastern part of Nuthall Bypass.
1966 A635 Manchester Lancashire Mancunian Way ground-level section, D2 all-purpose from a flat roundabout with the A6 to another with the existing A635 Fairfield Street
1966 A92 Newport On Tay - Dundee Fife • Angus Opening of Tay Road Bridge
1967 M1 Hendon - Brockley Hill Middlesex 4 mile extension from J2 to J4 opened 24 May 1967 by Barbara Castle, Minister of Transport. The Hendon Urban Motorway. It featured the first mercury-vapour illumination on a motorway.
1967 M1 Nuthall - Annesley Nottinghamshire 5.5 mile extension from J26 to J27 opened 24 May 1967 by Barbara Castle, Minister of Transport who had driven the 114 miles up from the Hendon opening. Cost was £5 million.
1967 M1 Annesley - Pinxton Nottinghamshire • Derbyshire 3.5 mile extension from J27 to J28 opened 3 July 1967.
1967 M1 Ossett - Ardsley Yorkshire 2.5 mile extension from J40 to J41 opened 25 August 1967.
1967 M1 Pinxton - Barlborough Derbyshire 13.5 mile extension from J28 to J30 opened 25 October 1967.
1967 M1 Ardsley - Stourton Yorkshire 4.5 mile section from J41 to the then J43 opened 27 October 1967. Contract cost was £5.375 million. J43 was renumbered J7 of M621 upon the opening of the M1 to A1(M) extension in 1999.
1967 M1 Barlborough - Tinsley Interchange Derbyshire • Yorkshire 12.25 mile extension from J30 to J34 was opened 21 December 1967 by Stephen Swingler, Minister of State at Ministry of Transport. The Thurcroft Interchange link roads and M18 opened on the same day.
1967 M18 Thurcroft Interchange - Wadworth Yorkshire The section from M1 - Thurcroft Interchange to J2 opened on 21 December 1967.
1967 M4 Newhouse, Chepstow - Coldra, Newport Monmouthshire The 12 miles from J22 (now J2 of M48) to J24 opened on 22 March 1967 per The Gazette. Contractor was Sir Lindsay Parkinson and Co. Ltd. between Crick and Coldra, tender price £4,276,619. The section east of Rogiet Interchange (J23a) was renumbered to M48 upon the opening of the Second Severn Crossing.
1967 M4 Newport Bypass Monmouthshire The 7 mile section from J24 Coldra Interchange to J28 Tredegar Park Interchange was opened on 5 May 1967. Contractor was Sir Lindsay Parkinson and Co. Ltd., tender price £5,552,515. Total cost was £9 million. It included the 1,100 feet twin Brynglas Tunnels (also known as Crindau Tunnels), the opening of which had been delayed for 2 years due to ground subsidance which added £1 million to the cost. The normal borehole investigations did not detect the geological faults found during tunnelling.
1967 M8 Shotts Interchange - Newhouse Lanarkshire The 5.7 mile motorway from J5 Shotts Interchange to a temporary junction with A8 0.6 miles west of J6 Newhouse Junction was opened on 24 August 1967. The eastern 2.25 miles followed the line of the former A8 route from J5 to Shotts Toll (between Kirk of Shotts and Salsburgh).There were single carriageway operations on the 1.5 miles west of Shotts Toll for a few days after opening. Width was 105 feet with dual 24 foot carriageways and a 13 foot central reservation. Contractor was Whatlings Ltd., cost £3 million.
1967 M40 Handy Cross, High Wycombe - Stokenchurch Buckinghamshire • Oxfordshire First section of M40 - High Wycombe Bypass (west part). The 8 miles from J4 to J5 opened on 21 June 1967. Cost £4.75 million.
1967 A1(M) Baldock Bypass Hertfordshire • Bedfordshire This second section of A1(M) in Hertfordshire extended the A1(M) north from the Stevenage Bypass. The 4 mile motorway opened in two sections. Junctions 8 to 9 Letchworth Gate opened on 15 June 1967. Junctions 9 to 10 Stotfold opened on 23 August 1967. This joined the A1 dual carriageway section northwards.
1967 A1(M) Aycliffe - Bradbury Durham The 5 mile motorway from the present J59 to J60 opened on 12 October 1967.
1967 A57 Hulme - Ardwick, Manchester Lancashire Mancunian Way elevated section, D2/D3 from A56 to A6, opened on 20 March 1967, initially as all-purpose A57 as the City Council's first application to make it a motorway was turned down by MoT. Official opening by Prime Minister Harold Wilson on 5th May. Became motorway A57(M) some time later (apparently summer 1971) but retained original green direction signs (including internally illuminated gantry signs) for many years, presumably to save the cost of replacing them.
1967 A1 Carlton - Markham Moor Nottinghamshire The 8 mile bypass of Sutton on Trent, Weston and Tuxford was opened on 14 July 1967 by Stephen Swingler, Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. Cost £3million.
1967 A1 Ferrybridge Bypass Yorkshire This one mile scheme was to dual the existing 1931 bypass and extend it to join the dual carriageway sections either side. It included a new bridge over the River Aire. The contract was awarded in 1964 to Martin Cowley Ltd. Renumbered as A162 when bypassed by A1(M) in 2006
1967 A12 Kelvedon Bypass Essex
1967 A108 Tyne Tunnel, Jarrow - North Shields Northumberland • Durham Included Northern approach road from A1058 Coast Road. Southern exit was a roundabout connecting to A185 Staker Street. Renumbered to A1 between 1977 and 1990, then A19
1967 A21 Sevenoaks Bypass Kent An extension southwards to a temporary junction with Gracious Lane opened on 16 January 1967. It was for northbound traffic only. A section south of here had to be rebuilt on a different alignment owing to landslips because of the slippery clay sub-soil. "The Builder" reported that advice at the planning stage from local farmers was ignored and the piers of the Hubbards Hill Bridge were at 5 to 10 degrees from vertical within a few weeks. The diversion was to cost an extra £1.2 million. To compound matters the new Morants Court bridge was having to be partially rebuilt owing to porous pockets in the concrete caused by a breakdown in the pouring of concrete one night.
1967 A38 Branston - Stretton Staffordshire Burton-on-Trent Bypass was opened on 20 June 1967 by Stephen Swingler, Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. The 5.25 mile road cost £2.25million.
1967 A371 Axbridge Bypass Somerset The 1.3 mile bypass opened on 22 March 1967. Cost was £210,000 with a £157,300 grant from the Ministry. The work took 11 months and was carried out by County Council direct labour with 21 workers. It was constructed on the former Cheddar to Yatton railway line.
1967 A46 A41 Warwick Bypass Warwickshire The 4 mile dual carriageway A46 section from Leek Wootton to Longbridge Island opened on 16 August 1967. It was opened as a Clearway. The 2.5 mile single carriageway A41 Banbury Spur to the south of Warwick opened on 16 October 1967. The opening ceremony was on 18 October 1967 when Alderman Joseph Steele, Chairman of Warwickshire County Council, unveiled a 17 ton inscribed block of North Warwickshire granite. The bypasses cost £2.9 million. The western half of the Banbury Spur was taken for the M40, the eastern half being renumbered A452.
1967 A610 Nuthall Bypass Nottinghamshire 0.75 mile dual carriageway from J26 M1 to A610, the western part of Nuthall Bypass.
1967 A648 (Kegworth - Nottingham) J24 M1 Kegworth to Clifton (Nottingham) Nottinghamshire Opened 13 February 1967. Cost was £600,000 for single carriageway road. New road from J24 to Thrumpton bypass north end then upgrade of previous unclassified road. Now part of A453
1967 A696 Newcastle North West Radial Northumberland Stage 1 - Grandstand Road to Cowgate opened at the end of June 1967. During work in 1966 a coal seam was exposed 12 inches below the surface. The coal picking by the locals then had to be stopped since they were undermining the trenches! Later renumbered A167.
1967 A74 Ecclefechan Dumfriesshire Ecclefechan Bypass, later renumbered as B7076 as single carriageway in 1990s
1967 A74 Ecclefechan - Kirkpatrick Fleming Dumfriesshire Dualling, later renumbered as B7076 as single carriageway in 1990s
1967 A74 Harthorpe Viaduct - Beattock Lanarkshire • Dumfriesshire Dualling, later renumbered as B7076 as single carriageway in 1990s
1967 A899 Livingston Road West Lothian Stage 1 - A8 Dechmont Roundabout to Houstoun Road opened in November 1967. Width was 126 feet with 24 foot dual carriageways.
1967 - Hooton Industrial Road Cheshire Stage 1: The 2 mile dual carriageway from A41 north of Hooton to North Road, Ellesmere Port (0.4 mile east of Overpool Link junction, the current M53 J7) was due to open in early October 1967 per a 22 August 1967 Liverpool Echo report. It included 2 grade separated junctions, 3/4 mile single carriageway Overpool Link and diversion of B5132 Rivacre Road. Cost £1.45 million. Later renumbered A5032 then upgraded to M531, opening on 22 December 1975, then renumbered M53.
1968 M1 Tinsley Interchange - Tankersley Yorkshire 6.5 mile extension from J34 to J36 was opened 12 June 1968. It included the Tinsley Interchange
1968 M1 Tankersley - Dodworth Yorkshire 4.2 mile extension from J36 to J37 was opened 10 September 1968.
1968 M1 Dodworth - Ossett Yorkshire 10.5 mile extension from J37 to J40 was opened 18 October 1968 by Richard Marsh, Minister of Transport. This section completed the 184 mile London to Leeds Motorway, bar for short urban extensions at each end.
1968 M6 Penrith Bypass Cumberland • Westmorland The 7.7 mile motorway from a temporary junction with A6 half mile south of Hackthorpe to J41 Catterlen Interchange was opened on 7 November 1968 by Robert Brown, Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Transport. Cost £7,713,000. It included road widening to A66 at J40.
1968 M6 Wednesbury (Bescot) - Bentley (Darlaston) Staffordshire The 1.5 mile southward extension between J9 to J10 was opened on 20 December 1968 and was the first length of urban motorway in the Midlands. Each outer lane was closed initially whilst work on the central reservation lighting columns and lights took place. Contractors were Taylor Woodrow Ltd. and a Sir Alfred McAlpine/ Leonard Fairclough consortium, cost £3.25 million.
1968 M8 Renfrew Bypass Renfrewshire The 6.5 mile road from J26 Hillington Interchange to J29a Southbar Interchange was opened on 18 March 1968 per The Gazette. J29a was opened as an at grade junction with A8. Contractor was Peter Lind and Co. Ltd. of Cannock, price £1.5 million. It was shown on the OS one inch November 1968 revision map as M8 although in planning it had been referred to as A8(M)
1968 M9 Polmont and Falkirk Bypass Stirlingshire The 5.3 mile motorway from J4 at Lathallan to a temporary junction with A876 (later renumbered A88) at Longdyke, north of Carronshore, was opened on 29 August 1968 by Lord Hughes, Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland. Main contractor was Duncan Logan (Contractors) Ltd., Muir of Ord, cost £5 million. Work had started in February 1966.
1968 M74 Maryville - Bothwell Lanarkshire Present J4 to J5
1968 A1 Long Bennington Bypass Lincolnshire The 2.5 mile dual carriageway had a contract cost £840,000. It was the first use of unreinforced concrete pavement on a major Trunk Road in UK. It included, initially, experimental surfacing on 20 per cent of the route at the request of Ministry of Transport. Joints fixed in various different ways were placed at random spacing and a deeper texturing was tried. Work began in January 1967 with the concrete paving starting in April 1968.
1968 A108 Tyne Tunnel - Testos Roundabout, Boldon Durham 2.3 mile dual carriageway. The section from Lindisfarne Interchange to Testos Roundabout may have opened in late 1967. Renumbered to A1 between 1977 and 1990, then A19
1968 A130 Sawston Cambridgeshire Sawston Bypass originally as A130, later renumbered as A1301
1968 A9 Dunblane-Greenloaning Stirlingshire Dualling
1968 A21 Sevenoaks Bypass Kent The southern and final section from Gracious Lane to Riverhill Roundabout opened on 20 March 1968 and the temporary slip road at Gracious Lane closed (see 1967 entry). There was a contra-flow at this location until 27 June 1968 when the southbound carriageway was completed. The bypass was 6.5 miles long, had dual 24 foot carriageways and cost £3.5 million.
1968 A33 Chandler's Ford and Otterbourne Bypass Hampshire Compton (south end of Winchester Bypass) to Chilworth Roundabout. Dual carriageway. May have opened in late 1967. Later upgraded to M3.
1968 A413 Chalfont St Peter Bypass Buckinghamshire 1.75 miles from Joiners Lane roundabout to just before the later M25 bridge. 100 feet wide with dual 24 feet carriageways. Forecast cost £0.6 million.
1968 A435 Hollywood Bypass Worcestershire Reported in a June 1968 Birmingham Daily Post that it was due for completion in October 1968. It may have opened later. 2.4 mile dual carriageway. Contractor was Peter Lind and Co. Ltd., cost £750,000.
1968 A447 Tonge bypass Leicestershire opened between July 1967 and July 1968 OS Quarter inch map revisions. Later renumbered to A453
1968 A55 Abergele and Llanddulas Bypass Denbighshire The 4 mile dual carriageway was opened on 31 May 1968 by George Thomas, Secretary of State for Wales. Contractor was Sir Alfred McAlpine and Sons Ltd. Work started on 1 November 1966 and the 2 year contract was completed 6 months early. Cost £2 million.
1968 A506 Skelmersdale Regional Road Lancashire Phase 1 - from the then B5192 Liverpool Road to Pimbo Interchange. Opened as single carriageway on 25 March 1968, cost £1,645,454. Contractors were a Sir Alfred McAlpine & Son Ltd./ Leonard Fairclough Ltd. consortium. It included the roundabout junction for the future Glenburn Road and a simplified connection to the first part of Stannanought Road built at the same time for £317,000. Later upgraded to dual carriageway then M58.
1968 A899 Livingston Road Midlothian Stage 2 - the Houstoun Road to Almond Road dual carriageway had opened by September 1968.
1968 B183 Old Harlow Southern bypass Essex Gilden Way from London Road to Sheering Road was opened on 4 November 1968 by Jim Kirby, a retired roadbuilder. The 1.35 mile road cost £250,000.
1968 B4215 Newent Bypass Gloucestershire Opened on 16 February 1968 per an ATV Today report. The 1.3 mile, 24 foot wide road utilised the route of the closed Ledbury to Gloucester railway line and was completed in only 7 months of the 12 months expected. Contractor was Droitwich Construction Company Ltd, cost £100,000.
1969 M5 Cribbs Causeway to Avonmouth Gloucestershire The 3.5 mile section from J17 to J18 plus the spur to Avonmouth at J18 opened on 28 August 1969.
1969 M6 Hackthorpe to Thrimby Westmorland 2.3 mile southern extension to Penrith Bypass from the previous temporary junction with A6 half mile south of Hackthorpe to a new temporary junction with A6 at Thrimby. Opened on 13 December 1969. It was one of the separate contracts of the Carnforth to Penrith Bypass scheme. Contractor was Tarmac Civil Engineering Ltd. and tender cost £1.42 million.
1969 M8 Dechmont to Whitburn West Lothian The 7.75 mile motorway from the Dechmont temporary junction connection to the A8 A899 roundabout just north of J3 to the Whitburn temporary junction on A8, 35 yards west of the A706, was opened on 23 September 1969 by William Ross, Secretary of State for Scotland. It had dual 24 foot carriageways and an 85 foot width between the back of the hard shoulders. Contractor was Whatlings Ltd, Glasgow, tender price £3.75 million.
1969 M40 Holtspur, Beaconsfield - Handy Cross, High Wycombe Buckinghamshire This eastern extension completed High Wycombe Bypass. The 5 miles section from a Temporary Terminus with A40 at Holtspur, west of Beaconsfield (1 mile west of J2) to J4 was opened on 18 March 1969 by John Timberlake, Chairman of Buckinghamshire County Council Highways Committee. Cost £6 million. It included a viaduct over part of the village of Loudwater, which was 533 yards long and 123 feet wide. The road should have been completed in 1968 but a number of "swilley holes" (gravel underlay on chalk which can suddenly subside) were found. The Minister of Transport, Barbara Castle, sold her home at Cadmore End which was within 100 yards of the motorway.
1969 M61 Preston - Horwich Lancashire Present M6 to J4
1969 A1(M) Bradbury to Birtley Durham The 17 mile Durham Motorway from the current J60 to J63 opened in sections during 1969. Bradbury to Bowburn opened on 6 January 1969; Bowburn to Carrville (Belmont Roundabout) on 20 May 1969; Carrville to Birtley on 1 June 1969.
1969 A64(M) Claypit Lane to Woodpecker Junction, Leeds Yorkshire Leeds Inner Ring Road Stage 2
1969 A1 Stanborough and Lemsford Bypass Hertfordshire The 1.4 mile dual carriageway was from the current J5 roundabouts to J4. It was shown as under construction on Oct 1968 revised OS Map, so may have opened later in 1968. The north section to Stanborough (temporary junction with A6129), 1 mile south of J5, was converted to motorway in 1973 and the remainder south to J4 was converted to motorway in 1986.
1969 A108 Tyne Tunnel Northern Approach Road Northumberland Stage 1. The 2 mile dual carriageway between Holystone Interchange and A1058 Coast Road was opened on 13 May 1969 by Lord Ridley, Chairman of Northumberland County Council. It had taken 18 months to construct by contractor Brims Ltd. Cost £1.25 million. Renumbered to A1 between 1977 and 1990, then A19.
1969 A184 Boldon - Wardley Durham The 1.6 mile of dualling from Testos Roundabout to White Mare Pool Interchange opened in November 1969. Renumbered to A1 between 1977 and 1990, then back to A184
1969 A34 Winchester Bypass Hampshire King's Worthy Northern Link (A34 to A33). The 2.5 mile dual carriageway opened on 20 August 1969
1969 A38 Cullompton Bypass Devon The bypass was planned to be part of the future Bristol to Exeter Motorway. Work started in 1967 on a dual carriageway with 2 lanes each way and a wide central reservation to allow extra lanes to be added later. In May 1969 there was a landslip at Nag's Head Bridge, south of Cullompton, which delayed the bypass opening until after the Summer. Cost was £3.3 million which included an extra £800,000 for dealing with the landslip. The bypass was converted to M5 motorway on 16 October 1975 for the southern section and 8 July 1976 for the northern section.
1969 A303 Andover Bypass Hampshire The 4 mile dual carriageway opened on 11 September 1969. Cost £2 million.
1969 A40 Gloucester - Cheltenham Link Road Gloucestershire Golden Valley Bypass. The 3.5 mile dual carriageway was opened on 19 September 1969 by Leslie Jones and May Dent, Mayors of Gloucester and Cheltenham. Contractor was Tarmac Civil Engineering Ltd., cost £2.3 million. It opened in advance of M5, J10 Golden Valley Junction opened on 6 April 1971.
1969 A46 Syston Leicestershire Syston Bypass opening appeared on ATV Midlands News 31 July 1969 [1]
1969 A51 Longdon Green bypass Staffordshire
1969 A55 St Asaph Bypass Flintshire The 1.75 mile dual carriageway was opened on 30 July 1969 by Ifor Davies, Parliamentary Under-secretary of State for Wales. 7 bridges were built and half a million tons of material excavated. It included dual carriageway extensions at either end and the first Grade Separated Junction on the A55 (the A525 junction). Contractor was Sir Alfred McAlpine and Sons Ltd and the 18 months contract had started in May 1968. Cost £1.5 million.
1969 A540 Wirral Cheshire Dualling Two Mills (A550) to Neston
1969 A5132 Barrow on Trent bypass Derbyshire It was possibly opened as part of B5009 (Derbyshire) for a short period before that road was renumbered to A5132
1969 A61 Allestree - Little Eaton Derbyshire Derby Western Bypass Stage 1. Abbey Hill. Dual carriageway, opened 24 March 1969 per ATV News report. Later renumbered A38.
1969 A615 Alfreton and South Normanton Bypass Derbyshire The 3 mile dual carriageway connecting the then A61 to M1 Junction 28 was opened on 27 August 1969 by Robert Brown, Parliamentary Under-secretary to the Ministry of Transport. The inaugural trip on the new road was made in an 18th Century stagecoach rather than the limousine. The road cost £2 million. Renumbered A38 in 1977.

Other changes in 1960s

1967. A373 from Charmouth to Honiton becomes A35, rerouted from Charmouth to Exeter, which becomes A3052. This is to take advantage of the new A30 Honiton bypass, opened on Dec 12 1966.


  1. ATV Midlands News (31 July 1969)

Network changes - 1960s
Historical Information
1922 Road Lists Class IZone 1 • Zone 2 • Zone 3 • Zone 4 • Zone 5 • Zone 6 • Zone 7 • Zone 8 • Zone 9 • Northern Ireland
1922 Road Lists Class IIZone 1 • Zone 2 • Zone 3 • Zone 4 • Zone 5 • Zone 6 • Zone 7 • Zone 8 • Zone 9 • Northern Ireland
1935 Road numbering revisionZone 1 • Zone 2 • Zone 3 • Zone 4 • Zone 5 • Zone 6 • Zone 7 • Zone 8 • Zone 9
Republic of Ireland1977 Road Lists
Mass renumbering schemes1922 Draft Road Lists • 1924 A1 Renumbering • 1920s South Buckinghamshire Renumbering • 1933 A30 Renumbering • 1933 Scotland Renumbering Proposals • 1934 A82 Renumbering • Tyneside Renumberings • Motorway linked Renumberings • Republic of Ireland T and L roads
Network Changes1700-1799 • 1800-1899 • 1900-1909 • 1910-1919 • 1920-1929 • 1930-1939 • 1940-1949 • 1950-1959 • 1960-1969 • 1970-1979 • 1980-1989 • 1990-1999 • 2000-2009 • 2010-2019 • 2020-2029

SABRE - The Society for All British and Irish Road Enthusiasts
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